γ-Tubulin, mapped on human chromosome 17q21.2, codes for a member of the tubulin family. It is localized to the microtubule organizing centres. γ-Tubulin consists of two isoforms tubulin γ 1 (TUBG1) and tubulinγ 2 (TUBG2) with 97.3% amino acid identity. In addition to these two isoforms, γ-tubulin pseudogene (TUBG1P) is also been identified on human chromosome 17. Human TUBG1 and TUBG2 transcripts are widely expressed in preimplantation embryos and the brain, respectively. γ-tubulin is a component of γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC), which has roughly the same diameter as a microtubule. γ-Tubulin does not polymerize with α-tubulin/β-tubulin, but instead it is localized to the centrosome and to the cytoplasm.
synthetic peptide corresponding to the N-terminal region of human γ-tubulin (amino acids 38-53, with C-terminally added lysine) conjugated to KLH. This sequence is specific for γ-tubulin and not found in other members of the tubulin family such as α− β−, δ and ε− tubulins. This sequence is identical in mouse and rat γ-tubulin and highly conserved among species (Drosophila, Aspergillus, and yeast γ-tubulin).
Anti-γ-Tubulin antibody produced in rabbit has been used in following studies:
- Staining in microscopy.
- Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP).
γ-Tubulin nucleates microtubule assembly throughout the mammalian cell cycle in vivo. In Aspergillus nidulans, γ-tubulin facilitates attachment of microtubules to the spindle pole body, nuclear division and microtubule assembly. Ubiquitination of γ-tubulin by breast cancer 1 protein (BRCA1) is a crucial step in the regulation of centrosome number. Overexpression of γ-tubulin is observed in lung cancer. Tubulin γ 2 (TUBG2) plays a vital role in cell growth. Aberration in the γ-tubulin gene alters microtubule assembly. The expression levels of γ-tubulin can be considered as an important prognostic indicator for patients with astrocytomas.
Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 1% bovine serum albumin, and 15 mM sodium azide
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