Merck

T8328

Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-β-Tubulin antibody, Mouse monoclonal

~2.0 mg/mL, clone AA2, purified from hybridoma cell culture

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Sinónimos:
Beta Tubulin Antibody Sigma, Beta Tubulin Antibody Sigma - Monoclonal Anti-β-Tubulin antibody produced in mouse, Anti-TUBB, Anti-Tubulin, beta
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.41

biological source

mouse

Quality Level

conjugate

unconjugated

antibody form

purified from hybridoma cell culture

antibody product type

primary antibodies

clone

AA2, monoclonal

form

buffered aqueous solution

mol wt

antigen ~50 kDa

species reactivity

human, mouse, rat, bovine

packaging

antibody small pack of 25 μL

concentration

~2.0 mg/mL

technique(s)

immunocytochemistry: suitable
immunohistochemistry: suitable
immunoprecipitation (IP): suitable
western blot: 1-2 μg/mL using Neuro-2a cell extract

isotype

IgG1

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

target post-translational modification

unmodified

Gene Information

human ... TUBB(203068)

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Este artículo
T0198T5201T8578
antibody form

purified from hybridoma cell culture

antibody form

purified immunoglobulin

antibody form

purified immunoglobulin

antibody form

purified from hybridoma cell culture

clone

AA2, monoclonal

clone

D66, monoclonal

clone

TUB 2.1, monoclonal

clone

2G10, monoclonal

species reactivity

human, mouse, rat, bovine

species reactivity

human, bovine, chicken, rat, canine, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, sea urchin (Lytechinus pictus and Paracentrotus lividus), mouse, hamster, Oxyrrhis marina (dinoflagellate), rabbit, monkey

species reactivity

human, rat, frog, moth, mouse, plant, rabbit, chicken, bovine, wheat, sea urchin, hamster

species reactivity

human, mouse, rat

conjugate

unconjugated

conjugate

unconjugated

conjugate

unconjugated

conjugate

unconjugated

biological source

mouse

biological source

mouse

biological source

mouse

biological source

mouse

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General description

β-tubulin belongs to the subfamily of tubulins, which are the major building blocks of microtubules. β-tubulin has a molecular weight of 55kDa. β-tubulin structure is characterized with core of two β-sheets enclosed by α-helices. It also contains an N-terminal domain with the guanine nucleotide-binding region, an intermediate domain with taxol-binding site and a C-terminal domain that contains the binding surface for molecular motor proteins. Human β-tubulin consists of seven isoforms (βI (class I), βII (class II), βIII (class III), βIVa (class IVa), βIVb (class IVb), βV (class V) and βVI (class VI)).
Tubulin βIII (TUBB3) is a constituent of microtubules. It is expressed in mature neurons. It is located on human chromosome 16q24.
Tubulin, a 100kDa protein is present in all cells as a heterodimer of two similar polypeptides α and β, which assemble to form microtubules. Monoclonal anti-β-tubulin antibody can be used to visualize HRP signal using enhanced chemiluminescence.

Specificity

Mouse anti-β-tubulin antibody reacts specifically with β tubulin, types I, II, III, and IV of bovine, rat, mouse and human.

Immunogen

Purified bovine tubulin

Application

Anti-Tubulin βIII antibody has been used in western blot analysis.
Monoclonal Anti-β-Tubulin antibody produced in mouse has been used in western blotting and immunofluorescence staining.
Monoclonal anti-β-tubulin antibody (diluted 1: 5000) can be used as a primary antibody in immunofluorescence staining of mammalian oocytes. It can also be used in numerous immunochemical techniques like-, immunocytochemistry, immunoblotting (50kD approx), immunohistochemistry and immunoprecipitation.

Biochem/physiol Actions

β-1 tubulin, also known as class VI or TUBB1, plays a vital role in platelet production and is considered to be a potential biomarker candidate for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).
B2702 peptide binds to β-tubulin and inhibits natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity and it influences microtubule polymerization, which damages cytoskeleton organization and chaperone-like activity of tubulin. Mutation in the gene leads to various neuronal migration disorders such as lissencephaly, pachygyria and polymicrogyria malformations.
Proper organization of microtubules mediated by tubulin is essential for several cellular functions like mitosis, meiosis, some forms of organellar movement, intracellular transport, flagellar movement and cytoskeletal functions.
Upregulation of tubulin βIII (TUBB3) shows vigorous tumor characteristics and genetic instability in urinary bladder cancer. It participates in the separation of chromosome. Individuals with congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscle type 3 (CFEOM3) show mutations in TUBB3. βIII-tubulin modulates glucose metabolism, thereby transforms glucose starvation stress signaling to develop the multiplication of cell and survival in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 15 mM sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8 °C for up to one month.
For extended storage, freeze at -20 °C in working aliquots. Repeated freezing and thawing, or storage in “frost-free” freezers, is not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use. Working dilution samples should be discarded if not used within 12 hours.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US)


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Mutations in Human Tubulin Proximal to the Kinesin-Binding Site Alter Dynamic Instability at Microtubule Plus- and Minus-Ends
Ti SC, et al.
Developmental Cell, 37(1), 72-84 (2016)
Harish Rajak et al.
Current pharmaceutical design, 19(10), 1923-1955 (2012-12-15)
Tubulin protein is a highly imperative and feasible goal for anticancer drug discovery. Hundreds of naturally occurring, semi synthetic and synthetic antitubulin agents have been reported till now. Among these, Combretastatin A - 4 (CA - 4) is effective antimitotic
Genome-wide gene amplification during differentiation of neural progenitor cells in vitro.
Fischer U, et al.
PLoS ONE, 7(5), e37422-e37422 (2012)
S A Moody et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 364(2), 219-230 (1996-01-08)
In mammals, there are seven classes of beta-tubulin genes, one of which, class III, is neuron specific. Using class-specific monoclonal antibodies, class III beta-tubulin protein could not be detected in frog embryos or in adults with either Western blotting or
?III-tubulin overexpression is linked to aggressive tumor features and genetic instability in urinary bladder cancer
Hinsch A, et al.
Human Pathology, 61, 210-220 (2017)

Artículos

Frequently asked questions about neural stem cells including NSC derivation, expansion and differentiation.

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