N-Benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp(O-Me) fluoromethyl ketone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
MDL number:
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Quality Level

biological source



≥98% (TLC)






DMSO: 20 mg/mL
H2O: insoluble

storage temp.


Gene Information

human ... CASP3(836)
mouse ... CASP3(12367)
rat ... CASP3(25402)

General description

Z-VAD-FMK inhibits yeast and mammalian peptide N-glycanase (PNGase). It induces apoptosis. Z-VAD-FMK might be associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress.


Z-VAD-FMK has been used:
  • to induce mixed-lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) phosphorylation (p-MLKL) in L929 cells
  • to induce autophagy in Jurkat and K562 cells
  • to revert killing effects of oxaliplatin or oxaliplatin combination with chloroquine (CQ) on HCT116 and SW620 cell lines
  • as a caspase inhibitor to inhibit apoptosis and assess nuclear factor-kB, heat shock protein 70 (Hsp 70), proto-oncogene (cmyc) and tumor suppressor protein p53

Biochem/physiol Actions

Non-selective, cell permeable inhibitor of caspase-1- and caspase-3-related proteases.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Apoptosis research. Click here to discover more featured Apoptosis products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.
This compound is featured on the Caspases page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.


Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.



Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificado de Análisis
Apoptosis inhibition can be threatening in Abeta-induced neuroinflammation, through promoting cell proliferation
Abdi A, et al.
Neurochemical Research, 36(1), 39-48 (2011)
z-VAD-fmk inhibits peptide: N-glycanase and may result in ER stress
Misaghi S, et al.
Cell Death and Differentiation, 13(1), 163-163 (2006)
Peng Chen et al.
Theranostics, 10(11), 5107-5119 (2020-04-21)
Background and Purpose: RAS mutations limit the effectiveness of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies in combination with chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Therefore, new cell death forms have focused on identifying indirect targets to inhibit Ras-induced...
Deletion of Ripk3 prevents Motor Neuron death in vitro but not in vivo
Dermentzaki G, et al.
eNeuro, ENEURO-EN0308 (2019)
Increasing colorectal cancer cell sensitivity to oxaliplatin through hyperthermia and chloroquine treatment
Zheng C, et al.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, 9(2), 496-508 (2016)
Contenido relacionado
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a selective process for the removal of unnecessary, infected or transformed cells in various biological systems. As it plays a role in the homeostasis of multicellular organisms, apoptosis is tightly regulated through two principal pathways by a number of regulatory and effector molecules.
Más información
n proliferating cells, the cell cycle consists of four phases. Gap 1 (G1) is the interval between mitosis and DNA replication that is characterized by cell growth. Replication of DNA occurs during the synthesis (S) phase, which is followed by a second gap phase (G2) during which growth and preparation for cell division occurs. Together, these three stages comprise the interphase phase of the cell cycle. Interphase is followed by the mitotic (M) phase.
Más información

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