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Florian Lelchat et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(6), 2637-2647 (2014-10-17)
Alteromonas macleodii subsp. fijiensis biovar deepsane is a deep-sea ecotype exopolysaccharide-producing bacteria isolated from the polychaete annelid Alvinella pompejana. The high molecular weight biopolymer HYD657 produced by this strain, is the first marine exopolysaccharide (EPS) to be commercialized for cosmetic
Yu-Ping Li et al.
Molecular immunology, 65(1), 123-132 (2015-02-07)
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), which are evolutionarily conserved from invertebrates to vertebrates, function as pattern-recognition and effector molecules in innate immunity. In this study, a PGRP (HaPGRP-A) from the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera was identified and characterized. Sequence analysis indicated
Cecilia Augustsson et al.
Thrombosis research, 134(1), 132-137 (2014-05-03)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is present in plasma as full-length free TFPI (TFPIα) and as C-terminally degraded forms mainly associated with low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL-TFPI). Addition of TFPIα to plasma induces a prolongation of the clotting time when tested
Irene Gallina et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6533-6533 (2015-03-31)
DNA replication stress is a source of genomic instability. Here we identify changed mutation rate 1 (Cmr1) as a factor involved in the response to DNA replication stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and show that Cmr1--together with Mrc1/Claspin, Pph3, the chaperonin
Christina Gosmann et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(5), 2248-2257 (2014-07-27)
Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) causes epithelial hyperplasia that can progress to cancer and is thought to depend on immunosuppressive mechanisms that prevent viral clearance by the host. IL-17 is a cytokine with diverse functions in host defense
Valérie Conway et al.
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 91(6), 261-267 (2014-10-11)
Evidences suggest that omega-3 fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) metabolism is imbalanced in apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 isoform carriers (APOE4). This study aimed to investigate APOE genotype-dependant modulation of FA profiles, protein and enzyme important to fatty acid (FA) metabolism in
Lucie K Xa et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 307(5), R505-R513 (2014-06-27)
Renin, an aspartyl protease that catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the renin-angiotensin system, is first synthesized as an inactive precursor, prorenin. Prorenin is activated by the proteolytic removal of an amino terminal prosegment in the dense granules of the juxtaglomerular
Daniel Soetkamp et al.
Basic research in cardiology, 109(5), 433-433 (2014-08-15)
S-nitrosation (SNO) of connexin 43 (Cx43)-formed channels modifies dye uptake in astrocytes and gap junctional communication in endothelial cells. Apart from forming channels at the plasma membrane of several cell types, Cx43 is also located at the inner membrane of
Cecilia Granéli et al.
Stem cell research, 12(1), 153-165 (2013-11-19)
Today, the tool that is most commonly used to evaluate the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in vitro is the demonstration of the expression of multiple relevant markers, such as ALP, RUNX2 and OCN. However, as yet
Dorota Trzybulska et al.
Cellular immunology, 292(1-2), 40-44 (2014-09-24)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity of serine proteases is an important factor contributing to destructive changes in the joints. The aim of this study was to compare elastase (ELANE) and cathepsin G (CTSG) mRNA levels in peripheral blood CD14(+) cells
Keisuke Eguchi et al.
Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 87(1), 53-58 (2014-12-04)
This investigation was conducted to assess the use of the intratumoral mRNA expression levels of nucleic acid-metabolizing enzymes as biomarkers of adjuvant chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using uracil-tegafur in a multi-institutional prospective study. 236 patients with a
Azzah M Bannunah et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(12), 4363-4373 (2014-10-21)
This study investigated the effect of nanoparticle size (50 and 100 nm) and surface charge on their interaction with Caco-2 monolayers as a model of the intestinal epithelium, including cell internalization pathways and the level of transepithelial transport. Initially, toxicity
Tzung-Yi Lin et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101980-e101980 (2014-07-08)
The liver plays a vital role in metabolism, detoxification, digestion, and the maintenance of homeostasis. During development, the vertebrate embryonic liver undergoes a series of morphogenic processes known as hepatogenesis. Hepatogenesis can be separated into three interrelated processes: endoderm specification
Kara Lea Vine et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(3), 1045-1054 (2014-09-19)
Overexpression of the serine protease urokinase (uPA) is recognised as an important biomarker of metastatic disease and a druggable anticancer target. Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2/SerpinB2) is a specific uPA inhibitor with proven potential for use in targeted therapy. However
María J Alvarez-López et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 126-126 (2014-07-24)
Aging is characterized by a low-grade systemic inflammation that contributes to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little knowledge is currently available on the molecular processes leading to chronic neuroinflammation. In this context, recent studies
Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance
Karen Müller Smith et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e103696-e103696 (2014-08-15)
Fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) and their receptors (Fgfr) are expressed in the developing and adult CNS. Previous studies demonstrated a decrease in cortical interneurons and locomotor hyperactivity in mice with a conditional Fgfr1 deletion generated in radial glial cells during
Carla L Ellis et al.
Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 27(6), 875-886 (2013-12-07)
Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinomas harbor chromosome translocations involving the Xp11 breakpoint, resulting in gene fusions involving the TFE3 gene. The most common subtypes are the ASPSCR1-TFE3 renal cell carcinomas resulting from t(X;17)(p11;q25) translocation, and the PRCC-TFE3 renal cell carcinomas
Bettina M Jensen et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 95(6), 893-901 (2014-02-05)
Different protocols exist for in vitro development of HuMCs from hematopoietic stem cells, which results in distinct mast cells regarding molecular markers and activation patterns. Here, we introduce a SR profile using immunological, neurogenic, and pharmacological stimuli to characterize cellular
Maryam Monajemzadeh et al.
APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica, 122(9), 734-741 (2013-12-11)
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor of children, accounting for an estimated 15% cancer-related deaths in this period. It has been hypothesized that drug resistance of cancer stem cells may be responsible for chemotherapy failure, sustained tumor growth
Mohannad Nassar et al.
Journal of endodontics, 41(2), 242-247 (2014-12-03)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of phytic acid, inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), as a final rinse on the surface of instrumented root canals and smear-layered flat dentin surfaces treated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and to evaluate
Katsuki Naitoh et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 418, 52-60 (2015-02-07)
Soluble Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is an attractive marker for disorders marked by platelet activation, such as thrombotic microangiopathy, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Several groups have already developed an immunoassay for soluble GPVI; however, there are several discrepancies between the groups'
Jianfei Xue et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6156-6156 (2015-02-03)
Aberrant activation of β-catenin in the nucleus has been implicated in a variety of human cancers, but the fate of nuclear β-catenin is unknown. Here we demonstrate that the tripartite motif-containing protein 33 (TRIM33), acting as an E3 ubiquitin ligase
SuFey Ong et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(3), 847-861 (2015-01-28)
Myocarditis is a leading cause of sudden cardiac failure in young adults. Natural killer (NK) cells, a subset of the innate lymphoid cell compartment, are protective in viral myocarditis. Herein, we demonstrated that these protective qualities extend to suppressing autoimmune
Casimiro Gerarduzzi et al.
Journal of proteome research, 13(11), 5262-5280 (2014-09-17)
The Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) signaling mechanism within fibroblasts is of growing interest as it has been shown to prevent numerous fibrotic features of fibroblast activation with limited evidence of downstream pathways. To understand the mechanisms of fibroblasts producing tremendous amounts
Sushma Singh et al.
Rheumatology international, 34(10), 1395-1400 (2014-04-11)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA that modulate the expression of multiple target genes at the post-transcriptional level. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pre-miRNAs can alter miRNA expression, and polymorphism in target molecules can affect binding to target mRNA. Studies have shown
Jeffrey R Bishop et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(1), 145-154 (2014-08-07)
Type-3 metabotropic glutamate receptor gene (GRM3) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with cognitive performance and prefrontal cortex brain activity in chronically treated schizophrenia patients. Whether these SNPs are associated with cognitive and symptom response to antipsychotic therapy has
ZhaoHui Luo et al.
BMC medical genomics, 8, 13-13 (2015-04-19)
A novel class of transcripts, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), has recently emerged as a key player in several biological processes, and important roles for these molecules have been reported in a number of complex human diseases, such as autoimmune diseases
Zhuoyang Fan et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0120129-e0120129 (2015-04-02)
Genexol-PM, produced by Samyang Company (Korea) is an excellent preparation of paclitaxel (PTX) for clinical cancer treatment. However, it cannot resolve the issue of multidrug resistance (MDR)-a significant problem in the administration of PTX to cancer patients. To increase the
Rossella Melchiotti et al.
BMC medical genetics, 15, 73-73 (2014-06-28)
Extracellular ATP is a pro-inflammatory molecule released by damaged cells. Regulatory T cells (Treg) can suppress inflammation by hydrolysing this molecule via ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (ENTPD1), also termed as CD39. Multiple studies have reported differences in CD39+ Treg percentages
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