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Toshihiko Sugiki et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 441(2), 493-498 (2014-01-03)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) proteins, which consist of 42 amino acids (Aβ1–42), are the major constituent of neuritic plaques that form in the brains of senile patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Several reports state that three aspartic acid (Asp) residues at positions
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
Tijs Vandoorne et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 4147-4147 (2019-09-14)
Energy metabolism has been repeatedly linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Yet, motor neuron (MN) metabolism remains poorly studied and it is unknown if ALS MNs differ metabolically from healthy MNs. To address this question, we first performed a metabolic
Marco Flores-Méndez et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 126-133 (2014-06-24)
Fluoride is an environmental pollutant present in dental products, food, pesticides and water. The latter, is the greatest source of exposure to this contaminant. Structural and functional damages to the central nervous system are present in exposed population. An established
Wilson I Gonsalves et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 106(7), doi:10-doi:10 (2014-06-14)
KRAS and BRAF (V600E) mutations are important predictive and prognostic markers, respectively, in colon cancer, but little is known about patient and clinical factors associated with them. Two thousand three hundred twenty-six of 3397 patients in the N0147 phase III
G Halperin et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications, 742(2), 345-352 (2000-07-20)
We developed a method for the determination of serum 5alpha-cholestan-3beta-ol (cholestanol). The sterols were derivatized to the 4'-bromobenzenesulfonyl esters and heated in isopropanol. The cholesterol-4'-bromobenzenesulfonate was solvolyzed to cholesteryl isopropyl ether, but the derivatized cholestanol did not change and could
Junbo Li et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(5), 643-648 (2014-10-28)
In an HCl medium (pH 1.5), ligustrazine (2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine, TMP) reacted with 12-tungstophosphoric acid (TP) to form a 3 : 1 ion-association complex. As a result, the intensities of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS), second-order scattering (SOS) and frequency doubling scattering (FDS) were
Yuanyuan Chen et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(2), 231-242 (2014-06-11)
Aspartyl aminopeptidase (DNPEP) has been implicated in the control of angiotensin signaling and endosome trafficking, but its precise biologic roles remain incompletely defined. We performed a high-throughput screen of ∼25,000 small molecules to identify inhibitors of DNPEP for use as
Jenna Friedt et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(6), 3857-3870 (2013-12-29)
Pseudouridine synthases introduce the most common RNA modification and likely use the same catalytic mechanism. Besides a catalytic aspartate residue, the contributions of other residues for catalysis of pseudouridine formation are poorly understood. Here, we have tested the role of
Przemyslaw Swiatkowski et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 433(3), 354-357 (2013-03-21)
In the pharynx of Caenorhabditis elegans, the accessory subunit MPS-4, homolog to human KCNE1, forms a complex with K(+) channel EXP-2 that terminates the action potential. An aspartate residue critical for KCNE1 function, asp76, is conserved in MPS-4 (asp74). Here
Stefanie Ritz-Timme et al.
Ageing research reviews, 1(1), 43-59 (2002-06-01)
Aspartic acid racemization (AAR) represents one of the major types of non-enzymatic covalent modification that leads to an age-dependent accumulation of abnormal protein in numerous human tissues. In vivo racemization is an autonomic process during the "natural" ageing of proteins
Jennifer L Kellie et al.
Biochemistry, 52(48), 8753-8765 (2013-10-31)
8-Oxoguanine (OG) is one of the most frequently occurring forms of DNA damage and is particularly deleterious since it forms a stable Hoogsteen base pair with adenine (A). The repair of an OG:A mispair is initiated by adenine-DNA glycosylase (MutY)
Chih-Ping Yang et al.
Anesthesia and analgesia, 117(6), 1493-1502 (2013-11-22)
Glutamate homeostasis and microglia activation play an important role in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. We designed this investigation to examine whether ultra-low dose naloxone administered alone or in combination with morphine could alter the concentration of the
Giles S Kendall et al.
Radiology, 271(1), 230-238 (2014-01-31)
To determine (a) whether diffuse white matter injury of prematurity is associated with an increased choline (Cho)-to-creatine (Cr) ratio and a reduced N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-to-Cho ratio and whether these measures can be used as biomarkers of outcome and (b) if changes
Mark G Jones et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 361(1-2), 150-158 (2005-07-05)
Previous work by others have suggested the occurrence of one or more chemical or metabolic 'markers' for ME/CFS including specific amino acids and organic acids and a number of unidentified compounds (CFSUM1, CFSUM2). We have shown elsewhere that CFSUM1 is
The pharmacologic modulation of 5-fluorouracil with folinic acid, methotrexate, trimetrexate, and n-phosphonacetyl-l-aspartic acid (PALA). Mechanisms of the interactions and clinical data.
D Machover
Bulletin du cancer, 81 Suppl 2, 74s-77s (1994-12-01)
Xin Yang et al.
Annals of neurology, 75(4), 492-507 (2013-11-19)
Hypoglycemia is a common adverse event and can injure central nervous system (CNS) white matter (WM). We determined whether glutamate receptors were involved in hypoglycemic WM injury. Mouse optic nerves (MON), CNS WM tracts, were maintained at 37°C with oxygenated
Jing-Li Gan et al.
Psychiatry research, 223(1), 23-27 (2014-05-17)
Early onset schizophrenia (EOS) is often associated with poorer outcomes, including lack of school education, higher risk of mental disability and resistance to treatment. But the knowledge of the neurobiological mechanism of EOS is limited. Here, using proton magnetic resonance
Susumu Ohtani et al.
Journal of forensic sciences, 50(5), 1020-1027 (2005-10-18)
The estimation of chronological age has been performed by various methods in forensic science. Among these, racemization methods, which are based on the age-dependent non-enzymatic changes of L-form amino acids to D-form mainly using aspartic acid, are one of the
S K Goergen et al.
Clinical radiology, 69(1), 72-81 (2013-11-12)
To compare diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and non-DWI magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and clinical biomarkers for prediction of 2 year developmental outcome in term infants with perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Nineteen infants ≥36 weeks gestation with HIE
Heidi Turkia et al.
Talanta, 131, 366-371 (2014-10-05)
The amino acid composition of cultivation broth is known to affect the biomass accumulation, productivity, and vitality of yeast during cultivation. A separation method based on capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection was developed for the determination of amino
Sara Llufriu et al.
JAMA neurology, 71(7), 840-847 (2014-05-21)
Predicting disease evolution is becoming essential for optimizing treatment decision making in multiple sclerosis (MS). Multiple sclerosis pathologic damage typically includes demyelination, neuro-axonal loss, and astrogliosis. To evaluate the potential of magnetic resonance markers of central nervous system injury to
Edi Erwan et al.
Life sciences, 109(1), 65-71 (2014-06-03)
L-Aspartate (L-Asp) and D-aspartate (D-Asp) are physiologically important amino acids in mammals and birds. However, the functions of these amino acids have not yet been fully understood. In this study, we therefore examined the effects of L-Asp and D-Asp in
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
N Andres Parra et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 90(2), 376-384 (2014-07-30)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) are used almost exclusively in radiation therapy planning of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), despite their well-recognized limitations. MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) can identify biochemical patterns associated with normal brain and tumor, predominantly by
Excitotoxic amino acids as neuroendocrine research tools.
J W Olney et al.
Methods in enzymology, 103, 379-393 (1983-01-01)
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
Susana Machado et al.
Food chemistry, 326, 126940-126940 (2020-05-16)
Silverskin, the main coffee roasting by-product, is rich in fiber, protein and antioxidants. Its protein fraction was studied regarding total, protein and non-protein nitrogen content. Amino acids were analysed after automated on-line derivatization. The method showed to be precise (<6.9%)
Paola Monti et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (150) (2019-08-20)
The finding that the well-known mammalian P53 protein can act as a transcription factor (TF) in the yeast S. cerevisiae has allowed for the development of different functional assays to study the impacts of 1) binding site [i.e., response element
Roger F Butterworth
Metabolic brain disease, 17(4), 221-227 (2003-02-27)
Results of neuropathologic, spectroscopic, and neurochemical studies continue to confirm a major role for ammonia in the pathogenesis of the central nervous system complications of both acute and chronic liver failure. Damage to astrocytes characterized by cell swelling (acute liver
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