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Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Lu Liu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(7), 1979-1986 (2014-05-17)
We studied the effects of pH and solution additives on freezing-induced perturbations in the tertiary structure of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, freezing caused perturbations in the tertiary structure of the mAb, which were
Justin P Ludeman et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(7), 2162-2169 (2014-12-24)
Tyrosine sulfation is a widespread post-translational modification that mediates the interactions of secreted and membrane-associated proteins in such varied biological processes as peptide hormone action, adhesion, blood coagulation, complement activation and regulation of leukocyte trafficking. Due to the heterogeneous nature
Aifen Zhou et al.
The ISME journal, 9(11), 2360-2372 (2015-04-08)
To investigate the genetic basis of microbial evolutionary adaptation to salt (NaCl) stress, populations of Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough (DvH), a sulfate-reducing bacterium important for the biogeochemical cycling of sulfur, carbon and nitrogen, and potentially the bioremediation of toxic heavy metals
Leah C Jimmerson et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 978-979, 163-172 (2015-01-03)
Ribavirin (RBV) is a nucleoside analog used to treat a variety of DNA and RNA viruses. RBV undergoes intracellular phosphorylation to a mono- (MP), di- (DP), and triphosphate (TP). The phosphorylated forms have been associated with the mechanisms of antiviral
Gilles Provencher et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1348, 97-104 (2014-05-20)
Bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan (TCS) are ubiquitous environmental phenols exhibiting endocrine disrupting activities that may be involved in various health disorders in humans. There is a need to measure separately free forms and conjugated metabolites because only the former
S Yamamoto et al.
Letters in applied microbiology, 60(4), 379-386 (2014-12-17)
The antagonistic strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain S13-3 decreased the severity of strawberry anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. The foliar application of S13-3 triggered the expression of pathogenesis-related proteins, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, in strawberry leaves. We identified lipopeptide antibiotics, including iturin
Li Lin et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 65(1), 1-7 (2014-06-03)
Mechanical stress can induce cardiac hypertrophy and autophagy. Recently, it has been reported that nitric oxide donors inhibited autophagy in human chondrocytes. Therefore, the effect of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) on cardiac hypertrophy and autophagy induced by mechanical stress was investigated
Katanchalee Mai-Ngam et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 112, 440-447 (2014-08-19)
The synthesis of two comb-like dextran surfactant polymers, that are different in their dextran molecular weight (MW) distribution and the presence of carboxylic groups, and their characterization are reported. A bimodal carboxylic dextran surfactant polymer consists of poly(vinyl amine) (PVAm)
Mari Endo et al.
Journal of gastroenterology, 49(6), 1026-1039 (2013-07-13)
Daikenchuto (DKT), a gastrointestinal prokinetic Japanese herbal medicine, is prescribed for patients with postoperative ileus (POI) and adhesive bowel obstruction following abdominal surgery. Several mechanisms for the amelioration of POI by DKT have been suggested; however, it has remained unclear
Jason Kindrachuk et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(2), 1088-1099 (2014-12-10)
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a lineage C betacoronavirus, and infections with this virus can result in acute respiratory syndrome with renal failure. Globally, MERS-CoV has been responsible for 877 laboratory-confirmed infections, including 317 deaths, since September 2012.
Michal Čáp et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 14(21), 3488-3497 (2015-11-15)
Colonies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae laboratory strains pass through specific developmental phases when growing on solid respiratory medium. During entry into the so-called alkali phase, in which ammonia signaling is initiated, 2 prominent cell types are formed within the colonies: U
Helge Thisgaard et al.
Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 55(8), 1311-1316 (2014-05-31)
The somatostatin receptor, which is overexpressed by many neuroendocrine tumors, is a well-known target for molecular imaging and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. Recently, (57)Co-labeled DOTATOC, an octreotide analog, was shown to have the highest affinity yet found for somatostatin receptor
Abdulselam Ertas et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(3), 334-339 (2014-10-22)
In Turkey, Veronica species (Plantaginaceae) have been used as a diuretic and for wound healing in traditional medicine. To examine the fatty acid and essential oil profiles, the antioxidant, anticholinesterase, antimicrobial, and DNA damage effects of Veronica thymoides P.H. Davis
Jieping Yang et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 1300-1303 (2015-10-17)
We investigated the effect of mixing soy protein isolate and pomegranate juice (PJ) on the bioavailability and metabolism of ellagitannins (ETs) in healthy volunteers. Eighteen healthy volunteers consumed PJ alone or PJ premixed with soy protein isolate (PJSP). The concentration
Cristiana Marcozzi et al.
Experimental lung research, 41(4), 228-240 (2015-04-07)
To investigate the regional gravity-dependent impact of mechanical ventilation and fluid overload on lung extracellular matrix (ECM) in healthy lungs. The glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) composition of the ventral and dorsal lung parenchyma was determined in anesthetized supine healthy rats mechanically ventilated
Qianqian Lyu et al.
The Biochemical journal, 461(2), 335-345 (2014-04-29)
Chitosanase is able to specifically cleave β-1,4-glycosidic bond linkages in chitosan to produce a chito-oligomer product, which has found a variety of applications in many areas, including functional food and cancer therapy. Although several structures for chitosanase have been determined
Christin Siewert et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94391-e94391 (2014-04-15)
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' is a phytopathogenic bacterium of the family Acholeplasmataceae assigned to the class Mollicutes. This causative agent of the apple proliferation colonizes in Malus domestica the sieve tubes of the plant phloem resulting in a range of symptoms
Xuan Gao et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(2), 368-377 (2014-09-02)
The long serum half-lives of mAbs are conferred by pH-dependent binding of IgG-Fc to the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). The Fc region of human IgG1 has three conserved methionine residues, Met252, Met358, and Met428. Recent studies showed oxidation of these
Felipe Jiménez-Aspee et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 908-919 (2015-10-17)
The Chilean raspberry Rubus geoides Sm. (Rosaceae) is a native species occurring in the Patagonia. Five R. geoides samples were assessed for phenolic content and composition, antioxidant activity, effect on total reduced glutathione (GSH) synthesis and protective effect against H2O2
Szu-Ying Hung et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 857, 64-70 (2015-01-22)
This study describes the development of a simple, enzyme-free, label-free, sensitive, and selective system for detecting adenosine based on the use of Tween 20-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Tween 20-AuNPs) as an efficient fluorescence quencher for boron dipyrromethene-conjugated adenosine 5'-triphosphate (BODIPY-ATP) and
Gyeong Jin Lee et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(11), 1595-1604 (2015-07-18)
Crosslinked bioreducible polypropylenimine-cystaminebisacrylamides (PPI-CBAs) were synthesized for gene delivery systems. They formed nano-sized polyplexes with high stability even in reducing condition probably due to the re-crosslinking. PPI-CBAs displayed high transfection efficiency comparable to PEI25k in serum condition. However, cytotoxicity increase
Alessio Innocenti et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 15(3), 573-578 (2005-01-25)
A detailed inhibition study of five carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC isozymes with carboxylates including aliphatic (formate, acetate), dicarboxylic (oxalate, malonate), hydroxy/keto acids (l-lactate, l-malate, pyruvate), tricarboxylic (citrate), or aromatic (benzoate, tetrafluorobenzoate) representatives, some of which are important intermediates in
Anna L Greenshields et al.
Cancer letters, 357(1), 129-140 (2014-12-03)
Piperine, an alkaloid from black pepper, is reported to have anticancer activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of piperine on the growth and motility of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Piperine inhibited the in vitro growth of TNBC
Yufei Chen et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 8, 1801-1815 (2014-10-23)
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) has been shown to demonstrate anti-inflammatory properties and direct anti-HIV activity. In this study, we describe for the first time the fabrication and in vitro evaluation of two types of intravaginal ring (IVR) devices (a surfaced-modified matrix IVR
Lidong Guo et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(7), 1514-1520 (2014-08-02)
Dietary mineral deficiency, hypertension and diabetes have become serious human health problems. Dietary approaches are increasingly being investigated to address these issues. Identification of food-derived biological peptides has become an important approach to control such diseases. Peptides generated from aquatic
Anne Benard et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1769-1778 (2014-10-09)
The apoptosis pathway of programmed cell death is frequently deregulated in cancer. An intact apoptosis pathway is required for proper response to anti-cancer treatment. We investigated the chromatin status of key apoptosis genes in the apoptosis pathway in colorectal cancer
Tomohiro Torii et al.
Glycoconjugate journal, 31(9), 671-683 (2014-11-25)
Oligosaccharides of glycoproteins expressed on the cell surface play important roles in cell-cell interactions, particularly sialylated N-glycans having a negative charge, which interact with sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (siglecs). The entire structure of sialylated N-glycans expressed in the mouse brain
Jolanda M van Munster et al.
Carbohydrate research, 407, 73-78 (2015-02-28)
The abundant polymer chitin can be degraded by chitinases (EC and β-N-acetyl-hexosaminidases (EC to oligosaccharides and N-acetyl-glucosamine (GlcNAc) monomers. Kinetic characterization of these enzymes requires product quantification by an assay method with a low detection limit, preferably compatible
Zhengzong Wu et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 671-679 (2015-10-17)
The application of attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR), Raman spectroscopy (RS) and combination of ATR-IR and RS for measurements of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total phenolic content (TPC) of Chinese rice wine (CRW) were investigated in this study.
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