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David Fong et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 12, 183-194 (2014-12-03)
Current data suggest that chitosan activates wound macrophages to release endogenous factors that guide mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) to bone fractures. We tested the hypothesis that chitosan, a polymer containing glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine, stimulates macrophages in different polarization states
Akiyoshi Hirata et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(32), 11546-11554 (2014-07-19)
A polyamide containing N-methylpyrrole (Py) and N-methylimidazole (Im), designated PIPA, binds with high affinity and specificity to specific nucleotide sequences in the minor groove of double-helical DNA. Based on a recent report of the synthesis of PIPA for telomere visualization
Seyedsina Moeinzadeh et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(1-2), 134-146 (2014-07-23)
An attractive approach to reduce the undesired side effects of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in regenerative medicine is to use osteoinductive peptide sequences derived from BMPs. Although the structure and function of BMPs have been studied extensively, there is limited
Daishun Ling et al.
ACS nano, 8(8), 8027-8039 (2014-08-06)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has one of the worst prognoses for survival as it is poorly responsive to both conventional chemotherapy and mechanism-directed therapy. This results from a lack of therapeutic concentration in the tumor tissue coupled with the highly toxic
I-Fan Tu et al.
Helicobacter, 19(5), 356-366 (2014-05-20)
The lon gene of Helicobacter pylori strains is constitutively expressed during growth. However, virtually nothing is understood concerning the role of Lon in H. pylori. This study examined the function and physiological role of Lon in H. pylori (HpLon) using
Daniel T Bowers et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12080-12091 (2014-11-27)
Oxygenation in tissue scaffolds continues to be a limiting factor in regenerative medicine despite efforts to induce neovascularization or to use oxygen-generating materials. Unfortunately, many established methods to measure oxygen concentration, such as using electrodes, require mechanical disturbance of the
Ryan J Wade et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6639-6639 (2015-03-24)
Electrospun nanofibres are promising in biomedical applications to replicate features of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, nearly all electrospun scaffolds are either non-degradable or degrade hydrolytically, whereas natural ECM degrades proteolytically, often through matrix metalloproteinases. Here we synthesize reactive
Nayara Cristina Perez de Albuquerque et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 109, 192-201 (2015-03-18)
Zopiclone (ZO) is a chiral drug that undergoes extensive metabolism to N-desmethylzopiclone (N-Des-ZO) and zopiclone-N-oxide (N-Ox-ZO). Pharmacological studies have shown (S)-N-Des-ZO metabolite presents anxiolytic activity and a patent for this metabolite was requested for anxiety treatment and related disorders. In
Samy Mohamady et al.
Current protocols in nucleic acid chemistry, Chapter 13, Unit13-Unit13 (2012-12-21)
This unit describes a method for preparing nucleoside polyphosphates and their conjugates such as nucleoside triphosphates, symmetrical and unsymmetrical dinucleoside polyphosphates and sugar nucleotides. The protocols employ sulfonyl imidazolium salts (SnISs) as coupling reagents. These reagents are prepared in two
Dawei Feng et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5979-5979 (2015-01-20)
Enzymatic catalytic processes possess great potential in chemical manufacturing, including pharmaceuticals, fuel production and food processing. However, the engineering of enzymes is severely hampered due to their low operational stability and difficulty of reuse. Here, we develop a series of
Hyo Jin Kang et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 67, 413-418 (2014-09-15)
Caspase-3 is an apoptotic cysteine protease and its aberrancy is highly implicated to numerous diseases thereby rendering caspase-3 activity as an important disease marker. Most caspase-3 sensors are caspase-3 substrates of which the fluorescence signals are turned on upon catalytic
Małgorzata Cebo et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(30), 8013-8020 (2014-10-31)
Isotope exchange at the histidine C2 atom of imidazole in D2O solution is well known to occur at a significantly slower rate than the exchange of amide protons. Analysis of the kinetics of this isotope-exchange reaction is proposed herein as
Lucas A Lane et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 118(49), 14140-14147 (2014-08-27)
Quantum dots (QDs) offer distinct advantages over organic dyes and fluorescent proteins for biological imaging applications because of their brightness, photostability, and tunability. However, a major limitation is that single QDs emit fluorescent light in an intermittent on-and-off fashion called
Leo R Fitzpatrick et al.
Inflammopharmacology, 22(6), 341-349 (2014-04-10)
Synthetic triterpenoids inhibit IL-17 and improve autoimmune disease in mice. A prototype triterpenoid, 1-[2-cyano-3-,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oyl] imidazole (CDDO-Im), also inhibits signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation. The goals of our study were twofold: (1) To determine if ex vivo
Sanjukta A Kumar et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 851, 87-94 (2014-12-03)
A visual strip has been developed for sensing iron in different aqueous samples like natural water and fruit juices. The sensor has been synthesized by UV-radiation induced graft polymerization of acrylamide monomer in microporous poly(propylene) base. For physical immobilization of
Gerald L Kennedy
Critical reviews in toxicology, 42(10), 793-826 (2012-09-28)
Dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and dimethylformamide (DMF) continue to be important, widely used solvents involved in a wide variety of industrial applications. As liquids with relatively low vapor pressures, contact with both the integumentary and respiratory systems is the main source of
Byoung Chan Kim et al.
Proteomics, 9(7), 1893-1900 (2009-03-17)
A stable and robust trypsin-based biocatalytic system was developed and demonstrated for proteomic applications. The system utilizes polymer nanofibers coated with trypsin aggregates for immobilized protease digestions. After covalently attaching an initial layer of trypsin to the polymer nanofibers, highly
Ming-Lung Hsieh et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1358, 208-216 (2014-07-23)
A vancomycin-bonded silica monolithic column for capillary electrochromatography (CEC) was prepared by a single-step in situ sol-gel approach. This sol-gel process incorporates a synthetic sol-gel precursor which contains a macrocyclic antibiotic, vancomycin, to form a porous silica network inside a
Fuyou Du et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 845, 45-52 (2014-09-10)
In this publication, a novel solid phase microextraction (SPME) coating functionalized with a DNA aptamer for selective enrichment of a low abundance protein from diluted human plasma is described. This approach is based on the covalent immobilization of an aptamer
Nardine S Abadeer et al.
ACS nano, 8(8), 8392-8406 (2014-07-26)
Plasmonic nanoparticles can strongly interact with adjacent fluorophores, resulting in plasmon-enhanced fluorescence or fluorescence quenching. This dipolar coupling is dependent upon nanoparticle composition, distance between the fluorophore and the plasmonic surface, the transition dipole orientation, and the degree of spectral
Kai-Ting C Shade et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(4), 457-467 (2015-04-01)
Immunoglobulin ε (IgE) antibodies are the primary mediators of allergic diseases, which affect more than 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. IgE specific for innocuous environmental antigens, or allergens, binds and sensitizes tissue-resident mast cells expressing the high-affinity IgE receptor, FcεRI.
Vladimir Dobričić et al.
Archiv der Pharmazie, 347(11), 786-797 (2014-08-28)
Molecular docking studies were performed on 18 17β-carboxamide steroids in order to select compounds with potential local anti-inflammatory activity. These derivatives are amides of cortienic acids (obtained from hydrocortisone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone) with methyl or ethyl esters of six amino
Margherita Di Pisa et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 58(3), 1390-1399 (2015-01-15)
Celiac disease (CD) patients usually present high levels of circulating IgA antibodies directed to different antigens, in particular tissue transglutaminase (tTG), gliadin (Glia), and endomysium. A series of synthetic peptide constructs containing cross-linked tTG and Glia deamidated peptides have been
Michael Eck et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 16(24), 12251-12260 (2014-05-14)
We present a significant efficiency enhancement of hybrid bulk heterojunction solar cells by utilizing CdSe quantum dots attached to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as the electron accepting phase, blended with the PCPDTBT polymer. The quantum dot attachment to rGO was
Hamed Daemi et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 112, 638-647 (2014-08-19)
The novel soluble alginate-based polyurethanes in organic solvents were synthesized by the reaction of NCO-terminated prepolymers and tributylammonium alginate (TBA-Alg) for the first time. The chemical structures of synthesized polyurethanes were characterized using FTIR, (1)H NMR and TGA. The reaction
Haoyu Liu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 113, 480-489 (2014-09-27)
Polymer design and selection are crucial to the development of amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) for solubilization of otherwise poorly water-soluble drugs. The matrix polymer is required to interact strongly at the molecular level with the drug to prevent recrystallization, but
Matthew D Overturf et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 161, 33-40 (2015-02-11)
Pharmaceuticals are routinely detected in the environment; and several of these compounds have been extensively researched due to their potential impacts to the endocrine system of aquatic organisms. The negative reproductive consequences of synthetic progestins in teleost species have only
Wim F P M Van den Hof et al.
Toxicology, 324, 18-26 (2014-07-23)
The liver is responsible for drug metabolism and drug-induced hepatotoxicity is the most frequent reason for drug withdrawal, indicating that better pre-clinical toxicity tests are needed. In order to bypass animal models for toxicity screening, we exposed primary mouse hepatocytes
Nirmalya Bandyopadhyay et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 89, 59-66 (2014-12-03)
The title monomeric Pd(II) compound, [Pd(L)(Cl)], was synthesized in moderate yield out of the reaction of equimolar proportion of Na2[PdCl4] and 3-[(5-bromo-2-hydroxy-benzylidene)-hydrazono]-butan-2-one oxime (LH) in tetrahydrofuran milieu. LH is a 1:1 Schiff-base condensate of 2,3-butanedionemonoxime monohydrazone and 5-bromosalicylaldehyde. [Pd(L)(Cl)] has
A Boni et al.
Nanoscale, 7(16), 7307-7317 (2015-03-31)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with a wide size range (2.6-14.1 nm) were synthesized and coated with the amphiphilic poly(amidoamine) PAMAM-C12 dendrimer. The resulting well dispersed and stable water suspensions were fully characterized in order to explore their possible use in
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