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Jingying Hou et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 96(3), 284-291 (2014-03-25)
Substantial evidence suggests that the expansion of regulatory T cells (T(regs)) plays a pivotal role in immunological evasion of tumors. Recent studies have demonstrated that a majority of tumor cells overexpress B7-H1, and this overexpression is associated with poor disease
S Tiwary et al.
Oncogenesis, 3, e110-e110 (2014-07-08)
Melanoma is curable when it is at an early phase but is lethal once it becomes metastatic. The recent development of BRAF(V600E) inhibitors (BIs) showed great promise in treating metastatic melanoma, but resistance developed quickly in the treated patients, and
Frank Y Ma et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 307(11), F1263-F1273 (2014-10-10)
Stress-activated kinases p38 MAPK and JNK promote renal fibrosis; however, how the pathways by which these kinases are activated in kidney disease remain poorly defined. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1/MAPKKK5) is a member of the MAPKKK family that can induce
Osamu Sakai et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(1), 538-543 (2015-01-13)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) in conjunctival epithelial cells. An immortalized human conjunctival epithelial cell line was used. Cells were transfected with catalase, GPx1, GPx4, SOD1, SOD2, or control
Yuetan Dou et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(23), 4057-4070 (2014-09-17)
The adaptation of Porphyromonas gingivalis to H2O2-induced stress while inducible is modulated by an unknown OxyR-independent mechanism. Previously, we reported that the PG_2212 gene was highly upregulated in P. gingivalis under conditions of prolonged oxidative stress. Because this gene may
Pennelope K Blakely et al.
Journal of neurovirology, 21(1), 43-55 (2014-11-02)
While alphaviruses spread naturally via mosquito vectors, some can also be transmitted as aerosols making them potential bioterrorism agents. One such pathogen, western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), causes fatal human encephalitis via multiple routes of infection and thus presumably via
K J Taylor et al.
Parasite immunology, 37(1), 23-31 (2014-11-08)
Translationally controlled tumour protein (TCTP) may play an important role in the establishment or maintenance of parasitemia in a malarial infection. In this study, the potential of TCTP as a malaria vaccine was investigated in two trials. In the initial
Yunus Emre Unsal et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 1034-1038 (2014-08-26)
Total concentration of metal ions at trace levels does not give sufficient information about toxicity and biological availability of these elements in fertilizer samples. In the presented work, a sequential extraction procedure modified by the European Community Bureau of Reference
Beibei Xu et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1842(9), 1638-1647 (2014-06-11)
Nrf2 is a bZIP transcription factor regulating the expression of antioxidant and detoxification genes. We have found that Nrf2 knockout mice have an increased infarction size in response to regional ischemic reperfusion and have a reduced degree of cardiac protection
Daniela Rigano et al.
Fitoterapia, 99, 198-203 (2014-10-07)
A new acetophenone derivative named gnaphaliol 9-O-propanoate (1) was isolated from the chloroform fraction of EtOH extract of Helichrysum italicum ssp. italicum flowers along with the five known acetophenones 12-acetoxytremetone (2), 13-(2-methylpropanoyloxy)toxol (3), [2,3-dihydro-2-[1-(hydroxymethyl)ethenyl]-5-benzofuranyl]-ethanone (4), 1-[2-[1-[(acetyloxy)methyl]ethenyl]-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-5-benzofuranyl]-ethanone (5) and gnaphaliol (6).
Dequan Kong et al.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), 31(8), 130-130 (2014-07-20)
High mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) and octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4) are transcription factors that play major roles in the acquisition of cancer stemness phenotypes and tumorigenicity of malignant neoplasms. The aim of this study was to analyze the
Chun-Zhen Hua et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(9), 3939-3947 (2014-07-09)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) produces hydrogen peroxide as a by-product of metabolism and provides a competitive advantage against cocolonizing bacteria. As pneumococci do not produce catalase or an inducible regulator of hydrogen peroxide, the mechanism of resistance to hydrogen peroxide is
Quang Lam Truong et al.
Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI, 21(11), 1573-1580 (2014-09-26)
Brucella abortus readily multiplies in professional or nonprofessional phagocytes in vitro and is highly virulent in mice. Isogenic mutants of B. abortus biovar 1 strain IVKB9007 lacking the ATP/GDP-binding protein motif A (P-loop) (named looP; designated here the IVKB9007 looP::Tn5
William Y Boadi et al.
Journal of dietary supplements, 11(3), 272-287 (2014-07-16)
Protein-bound carbonyls have been shown to increase with age as well as in numerous diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, adult respiratory syndrome pulmonary fibrosis, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's just to mention a few. The effects of the flavonoids quercetin and
Y Hamano et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 177(1), 353-365 (2014-03-25)
The spontaneous crescentic glomerulonephritis-forming/Kinjoh (SCG/Kj) mouse, a model of human crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN) and systemic vasculitis, is characterized by the production of myeloperoxidase-specific anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (MPO-ANCA) and marked leucocytosis. This study was performed to identify the specific populations of
Ozlen Saglam et al.
Human pathology, 45(6), 1269-1275 (2014-04-29)
Cysteine-rich protein 61, connective tissue growth factor, and nephroblastoma overexpressed gene (CCN) comprise a family of matricellular proteins that have multiple physiologic functions including development, tissue repair, cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. The expression of CCN1, cyclin D1, β-catenin, and
Daniel J O'Shannessy et al.
Oncotarget, 5(12), 3983-3995 (2014-07-02)
Tumor survival is influenced by interactions between tumor cells and the stromal microenvironment. One example is Endosialin (Tumor Endothelial Marker-1 (TEM-1) or CD248), which is expressed primarily by cells of mesenchymal origin and some tumor cells. The expression, as a
Iman Al-Saleh et al.
International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 218(1), 66-90 (2014-09-23)
To our knowledge, this study may be the first to examine the antagonistic role of selenium (Se) on oxidative stress induced by cadmium (Cd) and its impact on birth measures. Cd and Se levels were measured in umbilical-cord blood and
Christopher O Miles et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(22), 13307-13315 (2014-10-22)
Microcystins are cyclic heptapeptides produced by a range of cyanobacteria. More than 150 microcystin analogues have been reported from cultures, algal blooms, or other contaminated samples. Relatively few analytical standards are available, making identification and quantitation of these toxins a
Shoichi Iriguchi et al.
Blood, 125(2), 370-382 (2014-10-29)
Although overexpression of T-bet, a master transcription factor in type-1 helper T lymphocytes, has been reported in several hematologic and immune diseases, its role in their pathogenesis is not fully understood. In the present study, we used transgenic model mice
Joseph A Caruso et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 3417-3417 (2015-01-01)
Elafin is an endogenous serine protease inhibitor. The majority of breast cancer cell lines lack elafin expression compared to human mammary epithelial cells. In this study, we hypothesized that elafin is downregulated during breast and ovarian tumorigenesis. We examined elafin
Delphine Chrisment et al.
The American journal of pathology, 184(8), 2174-2184 (2014-06-10)
Neonatal thymectomy in BALB/c mice has been described as a model of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (GML). By using this experimental system, we screened, for the first time to our knowledge, Helicobacter pylori GML-associated strains for their capacity
Melissa H Lash et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 31(3), 898-905 (2014-07-02)
Particle-based crystals have been explored in the literature for applications in molecular electronics, photonics, sensors, and drug delivery. However, much of the research on these crystals has been focused on particles of nano- and submicrometer dimensions (so-called colloidal crystals) with
F Q Hu et al.
Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents, 28(4), 649-657 (2015-01-27)
Pentraxin-3 (PTX3), a modulator of tumor-associated inflammation, is known to be positively correlated with tumor grade and severity of malignancies, but the function and molecular underlying mechanisms of PTX3 remain unclear. In the present study, the expression of PTX3 in
S M Wabaidur et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 29(6), 684-688 (2014-10-23)
A sensitive flow-injection chemiluminescence method for the determination of acetylsalicylic acid is described. It is based on the enhanced chemiluminescent emission of the alkaline lucigenin–H2O2 system by acetylsalicylic acid. The difference in chemiluminescent intensity of alkaline lucigenin–H2O2 in the presence
Steven J Conrad et al.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR, 34, 19-19 (2015-04-19)
Colorectal cancers are significant causes of morbidity and mortality and existing therapies often perform poorly for individuals afflicted with advanced disease. Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging therapeutic modality with great promise for addressing this medical need. Herein we describe the
Sun-Hwa Song et al.
Cardiovascular research, 103(1), 147-155 (2014-04-22)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in a wide range of cellular processes. However, few studies have examined the generation and function of ROS in human embryonic vascular development. In this study, the sources of ROS and their roles in
Kyoko Hara et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e113974-e113974 (2014-12-09)
Type I interferons (IFNs), including IFN-alpha (IFNA) and IFN-beta (IFNB), have anti-inflammatory properties and are used to treat patients with autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. However, little is known of the role of IFN-tau (IFNT), a type I IFN produced by
Stephen D Dingley et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 426(11), 2199-2216 (2014-02-19)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation can influence the penetrance of complex diseases and climatic adaptation. While studies in geographically defined human populations suggest that mtDNA mutations become fixed when they have conferred metabolic capabilities optimally suited for a specific environment
Angelo R F Pipi et al.
Chemosphere, 109, 49-55 (2014-05-31)
Here, solutions with 0.185mM of the herbicide diuron of pH 3.0 have been treated by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) like electrochemical oxidation with electrogenerated H2O2 (EO-H2O2), electro-Fenton (EF) and UVA photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) or solar PEF (SPEF). Trials were performed
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