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Simon Kaja et al.
Experimental eye research, 138, 159-166 (2015-06-07)
Optic nerve head astrocytes (ONHAs) are the major glia cell type in the non-myelinated optic nerve head where they contribute critically to extracellular matrix synthesis during development and throughout life. In glaucoma, and in related disorders affecting the optic nerve
Hideki Kondo et al.
Journal of virology, 87(13), 7423-7434 (2013-04-26)
Orchid fleck virus (OFV) has a unique two-segmented negative-sense RNA genome that resembles that of plant nucleorhabdoviruses. In infected plant cells, OFV and nucleorhabdoviruses induce an intranuclear electron-lucent viroplasm that is believed to be the site for virus replication. In
Xing Tian et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(3), 335-344 (2014-10-30)
Accumulated evidence has shown that excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in neuronal cell death related with various chronic neurodegenerative disorders. This study was designed to explore neuroprotective effects of ethyl acetate extract of Arctium lappa L. roots
Wiktor A Janczewski et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(13), 5454-5465 (2013-03-29)
Postsynaptic inhibition is a key element of neural circuits underlying behavior, with 20-50% of all mammalian (nongranule) neurons considered inhibitory. For rhythmic movements in mammals, e.g., walking, swimming, suckling, chewing, and breathing, inhibition is often hypothesized to play an essential
María M Milesi et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 401, 248-259 (2014-12-09)
We investigated whether neonatal exposure to low doses of endosulfan affects fertility and uterine functional differentiation at pre-implantation in rats. Newborn female rats received the vehicle, 0.2 µg/kg/d of diethylstilbestrol (DES), 6 µg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo6) or 600 µg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo600) on
Huifang Zhou et al.
Biomaterials, 35(26), 7398-7406 (2014-06-17)
The main functions of the conjunctiva, an essential part of the ocular surface, are to maintain the equilibrium of the tear film and to protect the eye. Upon injuries, the prerequisite to successful ocular surface repair is conjunctival reconstruction. Tissue
Chen Yu et al.
Cancer management and research, 11, 611-624 (2019-01-23)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as a novel class of regulators implicated in diverse biological processes in human cancers. Currently, evidence have shown that SNHG6, a cancer-associated lncRNA, exerts critical functions in gastric cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma; however
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Yang Li et al.
Cancer letters, 355(1), 130-140 (2014-09-15)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to play an essential role in progression and metastasis. This study aims to investigate the expression and underlying molecular targets of high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) in the progression of colon cancer. The expression of
Teng-Yun Wu et al.
Journal of psychiatric research, 64, 99-106 (2015-03-22)
Depression disorder is a common mental illness, of which the pathogenesis is not well understood. Studies suggest that immunity imbalance and up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines may be associated with the pathogenesis of depression. High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) has
Weiguo Xu et al.
Biomaterials, 54, 72-86 (2015-04-25)
Recently, chemotherapy has been one of the most important therapeutic approaches for malignant tumors. The tumor tissular or intracellular microenvironment-sensitive polymer-doxorubicin (DOX) conjugates demonstrate great potential for improved antitumor efficacy and reduced side effects. In this work, the acid-sensitive dextran-DOX
Kazuaki Nakajima et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133308-e0133308 (2015-07-18)
Cell transplantation therapy will mean a breakthrough in resolving the donor shortage in cardiac transplantation. Cardiomyocyte (CM) transplantation, however, has been relatively inefficient in restoring cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) due to low engraftment of transplanted CM. In order
Haitao Yu et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 280(3), 502-510 (2014-09-10)
Ahr activation is known to be associated with synovitis and exacerbated rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but its contributions to bone loss have not been completely elucidated. Osteoblast proliferation and differentiation are abnormal at the erosion site in RA. Here, we reported
Jeppe Nørgaard Poulsen et al.
Experimental cell research, 336(1), 94-99 (2015-05-23)
Communications between satellite glial cells and neighboring neurons within sensory ganglia may contribute to neuropathic and inflammatory pain. To elucidate the role of satellite glial cells in chemotherapy-induced pain, we examined the effects of oxaliplatin on the gap junction-mediated coupling
Karl Olsson et al.
Skeletal muscle, 5, 26-26 (2015-08-25)
In skeletal muscle, intracellular Ca(2+) is an important regulator of contraction as well as gene expression and metabolic processes. Because of the difficulties to obtain intact human muscle fibers, human myotubes have been extensively employed for studies of Ca(2+)-dependent processes
Christian Held et al.
Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology, 83(4), 409-418 (2013-01-12)
To evaluate macrophage spreading in immunofluorescence images of macrophages for surface protein CD11b and nuclear counterstaining with DAPI, it is necessary to measure the size of the macrophages at different time points after stimulation. Manual evaluation of fluorescent micrographs is
Songyi Lee et al.
The Laryngoscope, 125(8), 1900-1907 (2015-04-22)
The larynx is susceptible to irradiation, which causes significant vocal fold (VF) edema and dehydration shortly after radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. However little is known about radiation-induced damage to VF liquid homeostasis. To evaluate the effects of irradiation
Jeyoung Bang et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 456(4), 884-890 (2014-12-23)
The 15-kDa selenoprotein (Sep15) has been implicated in etiology of some types of cancer. Herein, inducible RNAi cell lines were established and cell morphology and motility were analyzed. The majority of Sep15-deficient cells (>95%) formed membrane blebs in a dynamic
Chao Qi et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 462, 297-306 (2015-10-17)
Magnesium phosphate materials have aroused interest of researchers in recent years and are promising for biomedical applications due to their good biocompatibility and biodegradability. In this work, we report the microwave-hydrothermal rapid synthesis of magnesium phosphate pentahydrate nanosheets (MPHSs) using
Joshua J Smith et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(3), 471-482 (2008-01-08)
Newly synthesized histones are acetylated prior to their deposition into nucleosomes. Following nucleosome formation and positioning, they are rapidly deacetylated, an event that coincides with further maturation of the chromatin fiber. The histone deacetylases (HDACs) used for histone deposition and
Clea Bárcena et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 965, 243-251 (2013-01-09)
Gene mutations that cause defects in the nuclear envelope are responsible for progeroid syndromes, characterized by exacerbated cell senescence and accelerated aging. Consequently, morphological abnormalities of the nucleus represent a cellular phenotype whose analysis allows for both the characterization of
Javad Baharara et al.
Avicenna journal of medical biotechnology, 7(4), 151-158 (2015-11-26)
Anti-cancer potential of marine natural products such as polysaccharides represented therapeutic potential in oncological researches. In this study, total polysaccharide from brittle star [Ophiocoma erinaceus (O. erinaceus)] was extracted and chemopreventive efficacy of Persian Gulf brittle star polysaccharide was investigated
Subhashree P Dash et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 144, 1-12 (2015-01-13)
Three dioxidovanadium(V) complexes [VO2L(1-3)] (1-3) [HL(1)=1-napthoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine, HL(2)=2-furoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine and H2L(3)=isonicotinoyl hydrazone of 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde] have been reported. All the complexes were characterized by various spectroscopy (IR, UV-visible and NMR) and the molecular structures
Panpan Xian et al.
Theranostics, 9(20), 5956-5975 (2019-09-20)
Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-Exo) have robust anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of neurological diseases such as epilepsy, stroke, or traumatic brain injury. While astrocytes are thought to be mediators of these effects, their precise role remains poorly understood. To
Judith Guasch et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 27(25), 3737-3747 (2015-05-20)
Orthogonally functionalized binary micropatterned substrates are produced using a novel protocol. The use of adequate peptido-mimetics enables an unprecedented segregation of purified αvβ3 and α5β1 integrins in adjacent microislands and evidences the preference of U2OS cells to colocalize such receptors.
Gongshi Bai et al.
Molecular cell, 78(6), 1237-1251 (2020-05-23)
DNA replication stress can stall replication forks, leading to genome instability. DNA damage tolerance pathways assist fork progression, promoting replication fork reversal, translesion DNA synthesis (TLS), and repriming. In the absence of the fork remodeler HLTF, forks fail to slow
Hong Ma et al.
Oncology reports, 33(3), 1161-1170 (2015-01-13)
The aim of the present study was to explore the efficacy and mechanism of the radiosensitisation of icotinib hydrochloride (IH), a novel oral epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase activity inhibitor, by evaluating the changes in tumour cell double-strand breaks (DSBs)
Andreas Schwingshackl et al.
Critical care medicine, 42(11), e692-e701 (2014-08-16)
We previously reported the expression of the two-pore-domain K channel TREK-1 in lung epithelial cells and proposed a role for this channel in the regulation of alveolar epithelial cytokine secretion. In this study, we focused on investigating the role of
Yi-Han Chiu et al.
International journal of oncology, 53(5), 1967-1979 (2018-08-15)
Lung cancer is a prevalent disease and is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Despite the development of various anticancer drugs, the prognosis of lung cancer is relatively poor. Metastasis of lung cancer, as well as chemoresistance, is
Hippo signaling promotes Ets21c-dependent apical cell extrusion in the Drosophila wing disc.
Ai, et al.
Development, 147 (2021)
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