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Evgeni Eltzov et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(7), 3655-3661 (2015-03-17)
Indoor air pollution became a recent concern found to be oftentimes worse than outdoor air quality. We developed a tool that is cheap and simple and enables continuous monitoring of air toxicity. It is a biosensor with both a nondisposable
Ngoc-Duc Doan et al.
Biopolymers, 104(5), 629-635 (2015-03-20)
The conformation of the N-amino-imidazolidin-2-one (Aid) peptidomimetic was investigated using NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. In solution, the tetrapeptide model p-bromobenzoyl-Aid-l-Phe-N'-iso-propylamide (1) exhibited shielded and solvent exposed amide protons indicative of a turn conformation. In the crystal lattice of 1
Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 966, 70-76 (2014-02-26)
There is a need to identify metabolic phenotypes in autism as they might each require unique approaches to prevention. Biological markers can help define autism subtypes and reveal potential therapeutic targets. The aim of the study was to identify alterations
Jerri M Rook et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(3), 755-765 (2014-09-23)
Allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) have exciting potential as therapeutic agents for multiple brain disorders. Translational studies with mGlu5 modulators have relied on mGlu5 allosteric site positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands to assess receptor occupancy
Konstantinos E Farsalinos et al.
Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 17(2), 168-174 (2014-09-03)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate sweet-flavored electronic cigarette (EC) liquids for the presence of diacetyl (DA) and acetyl propionyl (AP), which are chemicals approved for food use but are associated with respiratory disease when inhaled. In total
Guowei Zhang et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0120809-e0120809 (2015-03-24)
Huperzine A is important in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. There are major challenges for the mass production of huperzine A from plants due to the limited number of huperzine-A-producing plants, as well as the low content of huperzine A
Giorgio Ottaviani et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(4), 742-748 (2007-02-16)
The development of in silico and in vitro tools to estimate or predict the passive human skin permeation and distribution of new chemical entities, useful in dermal drug delivery, in absorption studies of toxic compounds, and in the cosmetics industry
Isabella M Guimaraes et al.
Molecular brain, 8, 24-24 (2015-04-18)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is involved in various brain functions, including memory, cognition and motor behavior. Regarding locomotor activity, we and others have demonstrated that pharmacological antagonism of mGluR5 promotes hyperkinesia in mice. Moreover, increased locomotor activity can
Yuya Kodama et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 56(22), 9342-9350 (2013-11-01)
In this study, we developed an assignment-free approach for rapid identification of ligand-binding sites in target proteins by using NMR. With a sophisticated cell-free stable isotope-labeling procedure that introduces (15)N- or (13)C-labels to specific atoms of target proteins, this approach
Jacky Pouessel et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 42(14), 4859-4872 (2013-02-02)
The synthesis of a new linear bis-tetraamine ligand L1, based on two 1,4,8,11-tetraazaundecane units grafted at the 2 and 6 positions of a pyridinyl linker substituted by an anthracenyl fluorophore in the para position, is described and anion complexation studies
R A Pandey et al.
Bioresource technology, 98(12), 2258-2267 (2006-07-04)
Industrial waste gas emissions containing pyridine are generated from pyridine manufacturing industries, and in industrial operations where pyridine is used as a solvent, as an intermediate for synthesis and as a catalyst for a variety of applications. Pyridine has unpleasant
Peng Bai et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5912-5912 (2015-01-22)
Zeolites play numerous important roles in modern petroleum refineries and have the potential to advance the production of fuels and chemical feedstocks from renewable resources. The performance of a zeolite as separation medium and catalyst depends on its framework structure.
Robert T Burns et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e109535-e109535 (2014-11-13)
Marine sediments can contain B vitamins, presumably incorporated from settled, decaying phytoplankton and microorganisms associated with decomposition. Because B vitamins may be advantageous for the energetically intensive processes of metamorphosis, post-metamorphic growth, and reproduction, we tested several B vitamins to
Yujiao Sun et al.
Food chemistry, 170, 22-29 (2014-10-13)
The polysaccharide LbGp1 from Lycium barbarum L. was sulphated with sulphur trioxide-pyridine complex in DMF, yielding two sulphated polysaccharides, which were LbGp1-OL-SL with 13.7% sulphate content, and LbGp1-OL-SH with 27.4% sulphate content. The sulphation patterns were analysed using a GC-MS
Anita Toulmin et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(13), 3720-3730 (2008-06-19)
Partition coefficients were measured for 47 compounds in the hexadecane/water ( P hxd) and 1-octanol/water ( P oct) systems. Some types of hydrogen bond acceptor presented by these compounds to the partitioning systems are not well represented in the literature
Andrés Castellanos-Martín et al.
Genome biology, 16, 40-40 (2015-04-09)
An essential question in cancer is why individuals with the same disease have different clinical outcomes. Progress toward a more personalized medicine in cancer patients requires taking into account the underlying heterogeneity at different molecular levels. Here, we present a
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Sylvie Mavel et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(4), 1388-1395 (2012-02-04)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of dopamine neurotransmission, and is involved in a number of physiological functions and brain disorders. Furthermore the DAT analysis by molecular imaging techniques is a useful tool for the
Si Chen et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 10(12), 3310-3321 (2014-10-16)
As a classical formula, Sini decoction (SND) has been fully proved to be clinically effective in treating doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy. Current chemomics and pharmacology proved that the total alkaloids (TA), total gingerols (TG), total flavones and total saponins (TFS) are
Robert Gruber et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(4), 1012-1021 (2015-02-11)
Although keratosis pilaris (KP) is common, its etiopathogenesis remains unknown. KP is associated clinically with ichthyosis vulgaris and atopic dermatitis and molecular genetically with filaggrin-null mutations. In 20 KP patients and 20 matched controls, we assessed the filaggrin and claudin
Md Mujahid et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(2), 711-727 (2014-11-13)
Aromatic amines are widely distributed in the environment and are major environmental pollutants. Although degradation of aromatic amines is well studied in bacteria, physiological adaptations and stress response to these toxic compounds is not yet fully understood. In the present
Jin Wang et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(1), 523-528 (2013-05-08)
The low bandgap 3-hexylthiophene/pyridine copolymers (P3HT/PY) were synthesized and the composites of P3HT/PY and CdSe QDs were prepared. The characterization are performed with 1H NMR, UV-vis, PL, TEM, XPS and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that the P3HT/PY copolymers
Michał Brokl et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 216-229 (2014-12-03)
A method involving headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) was developed and applied to evaluate profiles of volatile compounds present in mainstream tobacco smoke particulate matter trapped on glass fiber
R M Toledano et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 171-178 (2014-12-03)
Boldenone (Bo), androsta-1,4-dien-17β-ol-3-one, is an anabolic androgenic steroid not clinically approved for human application. Despite this, many cases are reported every year of athletes testing positive for Bo or its main metabolite 5β-androst-1-en-17β-ol-3-one (BoM). Recently the capability of different human
Daniel T Bowers et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12080-12091 (2014-11-27)
Oxygenation in tissue scaffolds continues to be a limiting factor in regenerative medicine despite efforts to induce neovascularization or to use oxygen-generating materials. Unfortunately, many established methods to measure oxygen concentration, such as using electrodes, require mechanical disturbance of the
David G Belair et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(6), 2038-2048 (2014-04-30)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) activity is highly regulated via sequestering within the ECM and cell-demanded proteolysis to release the sequestered VEGF. Numerous studies have demonstrated that VEGF activity mediates cellular events leading to angiogenesis and capillary formation in vivo.
Zoran Rankovic
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 58(6), 2584-2608 (2014-12-17)
The human brain is a uniquely complex organ, which has evolved a sophisticated protection system to prevent injury from external insults and toxins. Designing molecules that can overcome this protection system and achieve optimal concentration at the desired therapeutic target
Hani Nasser Abdelhamid et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 767, 104-111 (2013-03-05)
Application of two new series of ionic liquid matrices (ILMs) based on the two most predominantly used conventional organic matrices (Sinapinic acid and 2,5-DHB) in conjugation with various bases (aniline (ANI), dimethyl aniline (DMANI), diethylamine (DEA), dicyclohexylamine (DCHA), pyridine (Pyr)
Vaibhav Khare et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 470(1-2), 51-62 (2014-05-09)
Gemcitabine, a nucleoside analogue, is used in the treatment of various solid tumors, however, its efficacy is limited by rapid metabolism by cytidine deaminase and fast kidney excretion. In this study, a polymeric conjugate of gemcitabine was prepared by covalent
Lu Ren et al.
Carbohydrate research, 406, 19-26 (2015-02-07)
A purified water-soluble fraction (ICP5) of a polysaccharide, isolated from a local Maori mushroom Iliodiction cibarium in New Zealand, was investigated for its structural properties. Size exclusion chromatography and dynamic light scattering showed that ICP5 had a large MW of
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