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Jessica Oenarto et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 560, 59-72 (2014-07-09)
This study characterizes the expression of the osmolyte transporters betaine/γ-amino-n-butyric acid (GABA) transporter (BGT-1), the taurine transporter (TauT) and the sodium-dependent myo-inositol transporter (SMIT) in various rat brain cells in culture and in rat and human cerebral cortex in situ.
Morten Persson et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(8), 2796-2806 (2014-06-24)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is implicated in cancer invasion and metastatic development in prostate cancer and provides therefore an attractive molecular target for both imaging and therapy. In this study, we provide the first in vivo data on
Muluneh M Fashe et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 27(11), 1950-1957 (2014-10-09)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) such as retrorsine are common food contaminants that are known to be bioactivated by cytochrome P450 enzymes to putative hepatotoxic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic metabolites known as dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids (DHPs). We compared how both electrochemical (EC) and human
Jian-Sheng Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 9, 3923-3935 (2014-08-26)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug efflux across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important mechanism underlying poor brain penetration of certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nanomaterials, as drug carriers, can overcome P-gp activity and improve the targeted delivery of AEDs. However, their
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Ahlam Alalwiat et al.
The Analyst, 140(22), 7550-7564 (2015-10-16)
A multidimensional mass spectrometry (MS) methodology is introduced for the molecular level characterization of polymer-peptide (or polymer-protein) copolymers that cannot be crystallized or chromatographically purified. It encompasses electrospray ionization (ESI) or matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) coupled with mass analysis
Shuai Zhang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(30), 8971-8977 (2015-10-03)
Reliably detecting nitrofurazone (NFZ) residues in farmed crab and shrimp was previously hindered by lack of appropriately specific analytical methodology. Parent NFZ rapidly breaks down in meat, and the commonly used side-chain metabolite, semicarbazide (SEM), is non-specific as it occurs
Bradley W Davis et al.
Biophysical journal, 109(10), 2182-2194 (2015-11-21)
Subcellular compartmentalization of biomolecules and their reactions is common in biology and provides a general strategy for improving and/or controlling kinetics in metabolic pathways that contain multiple sequential enzymes. Enzymes can be colocalized in multiprotein complexes, on scaffolds or inside
Yu Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9468-9476 (2013-08-15)
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEOs) with low ethoxylation degree (NPav₂EO; containing two ethoxy units on average) and estrogenic properties are the intermediate products of nonionic surfactant NPEOs. To better understand the environmental fate of low-ethoxylated NPEOs, phylogenetically diverse low-ethoxylated NPEO-degrading bacteria were
Tõiv Haljasorg et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(23), 5259-5268 (2014-05-23)
A wide range of anthropogenic pollutants that possess serious environmental and health risks are known. One type of these harmful substances that have become a focus of interest during the past decade are perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), which are extensively used
Dominic J Hare et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 6(3), 398-402 (2015-01-15)
Plasma iron levels are decreased in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and associated with an idiopathic anemia. We examined iron-binding plasma proteins from AD patients and healthy controls from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Flagship Study of Ageing using size
M Grégoire et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 971, 1-9 (2014-09-28)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay requiring a 100μL aliquot of human plasma for simultaneous determination of rilpivirine, a second generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors of HIV and dolutegravir, a novel integrase stand transfer inhibitors of HIV concentrations has been
Miina Ruokolainen et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 65, 45-55 (2014-09-16)
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis for oxidation of anabolic steroids and for imitation of their phase I metabolism. The photocatalytic reaction products of five anabolic steroids were compared to their
Pavla Pantůčková et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1389, 1-7 (2015-03-10)
Enhanced sensitivity for determination of basic drugs in body fluids was achieved by in-line coupling of extraction across supported liquid membrane (SLM) to large electrokinetic injection and transient isotachophoresis-capillary zone electrophoresis (tITP-CZE) in commercial CZE instrument. Twelve cm long tITP
Iva Kulic et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(1), 37-52 (2014-12-17)
Aberrant Notch activity is oncogenic in several malignancies, but it is unclear how expression or function of downstream elements in the Notch pathway affects tumor growth. Transcriptional regulation by Notch is dependent on interaction with the DNA-binding transcriptional repressor, RBPJ
Dayanidhi Behera et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 44(8), 722-733 (2014-02-19)
1. Aldehyde oxidase (AOX) is a cytosolic molybdoflavoprotein enzyme widely distributed across many tissues. In this study, we report the effect of commonly used organic solvents such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), acetonitrile (ACN), methanol and ethanol on AOX activity in
Walid M Ebeid et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6701-6712 (2014-09-06)
A RP-LC method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the active components, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) and chlorthalidone (CLT), in their novel antihypertensive combined recipe. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile
Li Jiao et al.
Digestive diseases and sciences, 60(12), 3590-3602 (2015-07-18)
Inflammatory bowel disease results from a combination of dysfunction of intestinal epithelial barrier and dysregulation of mucosal immune system. iPLA2β has multiple homeostatic functions and shown to play a role in membrane remodeling, cell proliferation, monocyte chemotaxis, and apoptosis. The
Yuwei Tian et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(22), 11509-11515 (2015-10-17)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are among the fastest growing class of therapeutics due to their high specificity and low incidence of side effects. Unlike most drugs, mAbs are complex macromolecules (∼150 kDa), leading to a host of quality control and characterization
Shuaijun Yang et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(29), 11868-11871 (2012-07-04)
We have discovered that squaraine NCSQ easily react with ketones in the presence of ammonium acetate to form a novel type of squaraine CCSQ. It is interesting to find that NCSQs exhibit unusual solid-state fluorescence, whereas CCSQs only exhibit fluorescence
Julie Maria Dersch et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(10), 2829-2836 (2015-02-05)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is the most abundant protein in the human plasma. HSA has several physiological roles in the human body, including storage and transport. Owing to the predominance of albumin in plasma, HSA is often involved in the
Giuseppe Cirillo et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 48, 499-510 (2015-01-13)
Thermo-responsive hydrogel films, synthesized by UV-initiated radical polymerization, are proposed as delivery devices for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac sodium and Naproxen). N-isopropylacrylamide and N,N'-ethylenebisacrylamide were chosen as thermo-sensitive monomer and crosslinker, respectively. Infrared spectroscopy was used to assess the incorporation
Jinyeong Kim et al.
Protein expression and purification, 116, 90-97 (2015-08-16)
A novel gene encoding a thermostable esterase (designated as Est-gela) was isolated from the moderate thermophile Bacillus gelatini KACC 12197. The open reading frame of this gene (1170 bp) encodes 389 amino acid residues, and the molecular weight of Est-gela
Jérôme Devoy et al.
Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene, 16(3), 229-241 (2018-12-21)
Beryllium (Be) is a metal mainly used in the form of alloys, with copper (Cu) and aluminium (Al) in the metal industry. Be is an extremely toxic element which must be handled under strictly controlled conditions to avoid health hazards
Morten S Opstrup et al.
Contact dermatitis, 72(1), 55-58 (2014-09-12)
Chlorhexidine may cause type I and type IV allergy. Some chlorhexidine-allergic individuals have been exposed in the healthcare setting as patients or healthcare workers, but for others the source of sensitization is unknown. Chlorhexidine may be used as a preservative
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Yong-Wha Lee
Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 11(3), 158-164 (2014-01-28)
The demand for rapid and broad clinical toxicology screening methods to identify drugs of abuse and medicinal drugs is increasing steadily. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-TMS) is increasingly used to screen for drugs of abuse and to identify a wide
Sridhar Veeraraghavan et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 94, 125-131 (2014-02-25)
Efficacy assessments using a combination of ruxolitinib and nilotinib necessitate the development of a high precision analytical method for determination of both drugs in plasma. A high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination
Sifei Han et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1830-1844 (2014-12-03)
Recent studies have demonstrated the potential for a triglyceride (TG) mimetic prodrug to promote the delivery of mycophenolic acid (MPA) to the lymphatic system. Here, the metabolic pathways that facilitate the lymphatic transport of the TG prodrug (1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-mycophenoloyl glycerol, 2-MPA-TG)
Sridhar Veeraraghavan et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 107, 151-158 (2015-01-17)
Efficacy assessments using a combination of ibrutinib and lenalidomide necessitate the development of an analytical method for determination of both drugs in plasma with precision. A high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination
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