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Cheng-Chang Yeh et al.
Clinical oral investigations, 19(6), 1463-1471 (2014-12-04)
Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is a common component of resin-based dental composites and endodontic sealers. TEGDMA induces apoptosis in several types of cells. However, the mechanisms are not completely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms
Zaiwen Fan et al.
Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993), 37(5), 381-387 (2015-04-10)
To test the hypothesis that chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (CH-PH) is associated with increased survivin and decreased voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels expression in pulmonary arteries, rats were randomized as: normoxia (N); normoxia + YM155, survivin suppressor (NY); hypoxia (H); hypoxia + YM155 (HY). HY
Maya A Olshina et al.
Malaria journal, 14, 280-280 (2015-07-19)
Gliding motility in Plasmodium parasites, the aetiological agents of malaria disease, is mediated by an actomyosin motor anchored in the outer pellicle of the motile cell. Effective motility is dependent on a parasite myosin motor and turnover of dynamic parasite
Jeremy R Keown et al.
The Biochemical journal, 464(3), 413-423 (2014-09-24)
Most plants contain two isoforms of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) activase (Rca), a chloroplast protein that maintains the activity of Rubisco during photosynthesis. The longer (α-) Rca isoform has previously been shown to regulate the activity of Rubisco in response to
Xi Feng et al.
Oncotarget, 6(17), 15077-15094 (2015-05-20)
The most abundant populations of non-neoplastic cells in the glioblastoma (GBM) microenvironment are resident microglia, macrophages and infiltrating monocytes from the blood circulation. The mechanisms by which monocytes infiltrate into GBM, their fate following infiltration, and their role in GBM
Yohann Grondin et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130827-e0130827 (2015-06-30)
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most significant occupational health issue worldwide. We conducted a genome-wide association study to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with hearing threshold shift in young males undergoing their first encounter with occupational impulse noise. We
Sasha J Rose et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0128772-e0128772 (2015-05-27)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is an opportunistic pathogen that is associated with biofilm-related infections of the respiratory tract and is difficult to treat. In recent years, extracellular DNA (eDNA) has been found to be a major component of bacterial biofilms
Zhenxing Liang et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 13(7), 1860-1872 (2014-05-07)
Although silybin, a natural flavonolignan, has been shown to exhibit potent antitumor activities against various types of cancers, including lung cancer, the molecular mechanisms behind these activities remain unclear. Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) is a conserved NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase that
Guangye Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(1), 877-884 (2015-03-31)
The differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells to mature osteoblasts is crucial for the maintenance of the adult skeleton. In rheumatic arthritis, osteoblast differentiation is impaired by the overproduction of cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α. It has been demonstrated that
Aurelia Kuster et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(47), 28056-28069 (2015-09-12)
SNAREs constitute the core machinery of intracellular membrane fusion, but vesicular SNAREs localize to specific compartments via largely unknown mechanisms. Here, we identified an interaction between VAMP7 and SNAP-47 using a proteomics approach. We found that SNAP-47 mainly localized to
Patrick Müller et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131467-e0131467 (2015-07-15)
Retinoids have been shown to serve promising therapeutic agents for human cancers, e.g. the treatment of neuroblastoma. Synthetic retinoids, specific for particular retinoic acid (RA) receptors, are tested as new therapy strategies. In the present study, application of recombinant retinoic
Matthew A Kappes et al.
Virology, 481, 51-62 (2015-03-15)
The membrane insertion and topology of nonstructural protein 2 (nsp2) of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) strain VR-2332 was assessed using a cell free translation system in the presence or absence of artificial membranes. Expression of PRRSV nsp2
Virginia Carvalhais et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(6), 2751-2762 (2015-02-13)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an important nosocomial bacterium among carriers of indwelling medical devices, since it has a strong ability to form biofilms. The presence of dormant bacteria within a biofilm is one of the factors that contribute to biofilm antibiotic
Carla Ritagliati et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 9(4), e0003725-e0003725 (2015-04-16)
Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan pathogen responsible for Chagas disease. Current therapies are inadequate because of their severe host toxicity and numerous side effects. The identification of new biotargets is essential for the development of more efficient therapeutic alternatives. Inhibition
Binbin Yang et al.
Current neurovascular research, 12(1), 63-72 (2015-01-06)
Heat shock protein B8 (HspB8) is a chaperone protein that is highly and constitutively expressed in the brain, cardiac tissue and many other organs. Recently, it has been shown that HspB8 can enhance cardiac function and render cardioprotection. However, the
P S S Rao et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(13), 2333-2342 (2015-01-27)
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between extracellular glutamate concentration in the mesolimbic reward pathway and alcohol craving. Extracellular glutamate concentration is regulated by several glutamate transporters. Glial glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1) is one of them that regulates the majority
Maria Luisa S Sequeira-Lopez et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 308(2), R138-R149 (2014-11-28)
The development of the kidney arterioles is poorly understood. Mature arterioles contain several functionally and morphologically distinct cell types, including smooth muscle, endothelial, and juxtaglomerular cells, and they are surrounded by interconnected pericytes, fibroblasts, and other interstitial cells. We have
Anne-Coline Laurent et al.
Cardiovascular research, 105(1), 55-64 (2014-11-21)
Stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) increases cAMP production and contributes to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy and failure through poorly understood mechanisms. We previously demonstrated that Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1 (Epac1)-induced hypertrophy in primary cardiomyocytes. Among the
Daniele Gabriel-Costa et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0127843-e0127843 (2015-05-23)
Besides its role as a fuel source in intermediary metabolism, lactate has been considered a signaling molecule modulating lactate-sensitive genes involved in the regulation of skeletal muscle metabolism. Even though the flux of lactate is significantly high in the heart
Yi-Fu Huang et al.
Oncotarget, 5(14), 5808-5818 (2014-07-30)
Oncogene-mediated cellular transformation is a multistep process involving activation of growth-promoting pathways as well as inactivation of tumor suppressors. We recently found that ISGylation of the p53 tumor suppressor is an important novel mechanism to control its stability. Here we
Yosua Adi Kristariyanto et al.
The Biochemical journal, 467(2), 345-352 (2015-02-28)
Ubiquitylation regulates a multitude of biological processes and this versatility stems from the ability of ubiquitin (Ub) to form topologically different polymers of eight different linkage types. Whereas some linkages have been studied in detail, other linkage types including Lys33-linked polyUb
Capucine Hyon et al.
American journal of medical genetics. Part A, 167A(8), 1851-1858 (2015-04-23)
Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) are a heterogeneous group of disorders affecting gonad and/or genito-urinary tract development and usually the endocrine-reproductive system. A genetic diagnosis is made in only around 20% of these cases. The genetic causes of 46,XX-SRY negative
S C Zainathan et al.
Journal of fish diseases, 38(8), 739-754 (2014-08-19)
Molecular (PCR) diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of aquareovirus in general, and Tasmanian Atlantic salmon reovirus (TSRV) specifically, were developed, and their diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were determined and compared with virus isolation in cell culture. Intralaboratory and
Agnieszka Paradowska-Gorycka et al.
The Journal of rheumatology, 42(2), 170-180 (2014-12-03)
The aim of the study was to identify 2 polymorphic variants in the promoter region of the Foxp3 gene and their possible association with susceptibility to and severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The association between genetic factors and pathogenesis suggests
Martin Holzer et al.
Journal of applied toxicology : JAT, 34(11), 1167-1176 (2014-02-18)
Although carbon-based nanomaterials (CBNs) have been shown to exert prothrombotic effects in microvessels, it is poorly understood whether CBNs also have the potential to interfere with the process of leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions and whether the shape of CBNs plays a
Ruoya Ho et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 26(14), 2655-2663 (2015-05-23)
Many Rab GTPase effectors are membrane-tethering factors, that is, they physically link two apposed membranes before intracellular membrane fusion. In this study, we investigate the distinct binding factors needed on apposed membranes for Rab effector-dependent tethering. We show that the
Sang Jin Kim et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11872-11872 (2015-07-08)
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the hallmark of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one of the leading causes of blindness in the elderly. Although the pathogenesis of CNV is not clear, a number of studies show that ocular-infiltrating macrophages and inflammation
Hui Shen et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(7), 2694-2704 (2015-04-22)
Fungi can shield surface pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) for evading host immune attack. The most common and opportunistic human pathogen, Candida albicans, can shield β-(1 3)-glucan on the cell wall, one of the major PAMPs, to avoid host phagocyte Dectin-1
Falk Kunkel et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20805-20822 (2015-11-28)
DNA methyltransferases (MTases) catalyze the transfer of the activated methyl group of the cofactor S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet or SAM) to the exocyclic amino groups of adenine or cytosine or the C5 ring atom of cytosine within specific DNA sequences. The DNA
Chris C-S Hsiung et al.
Genome research, 25(2), 213-225 (2014-11-06)
Mitosis entails global alterations to chromosome structure and nuclear architecture, concomitant with transient silencing of transcription. How cells transmit transcriptional states through mitosis remains incompletely understood. While many nuclear factors dissociate from mitotic chromosomes, the observation that certain nuclear factors
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