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Masahiro Watanabe et al.
AMB Express, 4, 27-27 (2014-06-21)
Cellulosic materials constitute most of the biomass on earth, and can be converted into biofuel or bio-based materials if fermentable sugars can be released using cellulose-related enzymes. Acremonium cellulolyticus is a mesophilic fungus which produces a high amount of cellulose-related
Florian Mertes et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 925-925 (2015-11-14)
Next Generation Sequencing has proven to be an exceptionally powerful tool in the field of genomics and transcriptomics. With recent development it is nowadays possible to analyze ultra-low input sample material down to single cells. Nevertheless, investigating such sample material
Acacio Aparecido Navarrete et al.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 108(3), 741-752 (2015-07-18)
Here we show that verrucomicrobial community structure and abundance are extremely sensitive to changes in chemical factors linked to soil fertility. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism fingerprint and real-time quantitative PCR assay were used to analyze changes in verrucomicrobial communities
Mélanie Spilmont et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 9265-9284 (2015-11-17)
The nutritional benefits of pomegranate have attracted great scientific interest. The pomegranate, including the pomegranate peel, has been used worldwide for many years as a fruit with medicinal activity, mostly antioxidant properties. Among chronic diseases, osteoporosis, which is associated with
Cristina Basilico et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(7), 3172-3186 (2014-05-29)
Activation of MET by HGF plays a key role in tumor progression. Using a recently developed llama platform that generates human-like immunoglobulins, we selected 68 different antibodies that compete with HGF for binding to MET. HGF-competing antibodies recognized 4 distinct
Elisabetta Buommino et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 64(Pt 2), 180-184 (2015-01-30)
Malassezia pachydermatis is part of the normal cutaneous microbiota of most warm-blooded vertebrates and is associated with otitis externa and seborrhoeic dermatitis in dogs and cats. In this study, we evaluated the growth capacity of nine M. pachydermatis strains on
Xin Hu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 112, 15-22 (2015-05-06)
The complexity of natural products always leads to the co-elution of interfering compounds with bioactive compounds, which then has a detrimental effect on structural elucidation. Here, a new method, based on selective solid phase extraction combined with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH)
Deguan Tan et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131974-e0131974 (2015-07-03)
Banana Fusarium wilt (also known as Panama disease) is one of the most disastrous plant diseases. Effective control methods are still under exploring. The endophytic bacterial strain ITBB B5-1 was isolated from the rubber tree, and identified as Serratia marcescens
Axel Andrés et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1385, 42-48 (2015-02-11)
Retention of ionizable analytes under gradient elution depends on the pH of the mobile phase, the pKa of the analyte and their evolution along the programmed gradient. In previous work, a model depending on two fitting parameters was recommended because
Mieke Sinnesael et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 411, 198-206 (2015-05-11)
Androgen deficiency or androgen receptor knockout (ARKO) causes high-turnover osteopenia, but the target cells for this effect remain unclear. To examine whether AR in osteoclasts directly suppresses bone resorption, we crossed AR-floxed with cathepsin K-Cre mice. Osteoclast-specific ARKO (ocl-ARKO) mice
Rui Xing et al.
Biomedical materials (Bristol, England), 10(5), 055003-055003 (2015-09-12)
Biofilm formation on dental abutment may lead to peri-implant mucositis and subsequent peri-implantitis. These cases are clinically treated with antibiotics such as doxycycline (Doxy). Here we used an electrochemical method of cathodic polarization to coat Doxy onto the outer surface
Jinping Cao et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 855-863 (2014-12-04)
The physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus pseudocerasus and Prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. Inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. Glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid
Cameron J Mitchell et al.
Nutrients, 7(10), 8685-8699 (2015-10-28)
The differential ability of various milk protein fractions to stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) has been previously described, with whey protein generally considered to be superior to other fractions. However, the relative ability of a whole milk protein to stimulate
Sharmistha Samanta Koruri et al.
Archives of microbiology, 197(7), 955-963 (2015-07-15)
The present investigation deals with the optimization of cell growth rate of the candidate probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici in the presence of the specific prebiotic inulin. Three independent variables viz. concentration of inulin, concentration of glucose and pH have been selected
Gijs den Besten et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136364-e0136364 (2015-08-21)
The dietary fiber guar gum has beneficial effects on obesity, hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia in both humans and rodents. The major products of colonic fermentation of dietary fiber, the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), have been suggested to play an important role.
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Alessio Innocenti et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 15(3), 573-578 (2005-01-25)
A detailed inhibition study of five carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isozymes with carboxylates including aliphatic (formate, acetate), dicarboxylic (oxalate, malonate), hydroxy/keto acids (l-lactate, l-malate, pyruvate), tricarboxylic (citrate), or aromatic (benzoate, tetrafluorobenzoate) representatives, some of which are important intermediates in
Y Wang et al.
Biomaterials science, 3(7), 1114-1123 (2015-07-07)
In the present study, a series of copolymers (PAMD-Ch) was synthesized by grafting polymeric Plerixafor/AMD3100 (PAMD) with different amounts of cholesterol and the effect of cholesterol modification on siRNA delivery was investigated. PAMD-Ch/siRNA polyplexes exhibited improved colloidal and enzymatic stability
Gyeong Jin Lee et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(11), 1595-1604 (2015-07-18)
Crosslinked bioreducible polypropylenimine-cystaminebisacrylamides (PPI-CBAs) were synthesized for gene delivery systems. They formed nano-sized polyplexes with high stability even in reducing condition probably due to the re-crosslinking. PPI-CBAs displayed high transfection efficiency comparable to PEI25k in serum condition. However, cytotoxicity increase
Kristina Heyne et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 14(16), 2619-2633 (2015-06-24)
Humans and primates are long-lived animals with long reproductive phases. One factor that appears to contribute to longevity and fertility in humans, as well as to cancer-free survival, is the transcription factor and tumor suppressor p53, controlled by its main
Luiz Francisco Rocha e Silva et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(6), 3271-3280 (2015-03-25)
4-Nerolidylcatechol (1) is an abundant antiplasmodial metabolite that is isolated from Piper peltatum roots. O-Acylation or O-alkylation of compound 1 provides derivatives exhibiting improved stability and significant in vitro antiplasmodial activity. The aim of this work was to study the
Uma K Aryal et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0130763-e0130763 (2015-07-15)
Protein phosphorylation regulates diverse cellular functions and plays a key role in the early development of plants. To complement and expand upon previous investigations of protein phosphorylation in Arabidopsis seedlings we used an alternative approach that combines protein extraction under
Yoshihiko Sakaguchi et al.
Research in microbiology, 166(4), 318-325 (2014-08-12)
In Clostridium botulinum, the characteristics of type C and D strains are quite different from other types, and they are classified as group III. They produce C2 binary toxin and C3 exoenzyme in addition to type C and D neurotoxins.
Britni Skillman et al.
Forensic science international, 312, 110307-110307 (2020-05-31)
Suvorexant (Belsomra®) is a sedative hypnotic that was approved for use in 2015. It has a novel mechanism of action and was the first dual orexin receptor antagonist (DORA) to be approved for the treatment of sleep disorders. Sedative hypnotics
Meritxell Balmaña et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 56-62 (2015-01-18)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) usually shows an enhanced expression of sialyl-Lewis X (sLe(x)) and related epitopes. PDAC may secrete some of the proteins carrying such increased sLe(x) determinant into serum, so they could be used as PDAC markers. Previously, we identified
Gisele H J M Leyten et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 21(13), 3061-3070 (2015-03-20)
Serum PSA (sPSA) testing has led to the identification of patients with indolent prostate cancer, and inevitably overtreatment has become a concern. Progensa PCA3 urine testing was shown to improve the diagnosis of prostate cancer, but its diagnostic value for
Ying-Ping Deng et al.
Experimental neurology, 269, 213-223 (2015-04-12)
Hypomyelination is the major cause of neurodevelopmental deficits that are associated with perinatal white matter injury. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are known to exert inhibitory effects on the migration and differentiation of oligodendrocytes (OLs). However, few studies describe the roles
Biraja C Dash et al.
Biomaterials, 65, 126-139 (2015-07-08)
Critical limb ischemia is a major clinical problem. Despite rigorous treatment regimes, there has been only modest success in reducing the rate of amputations in affected patients. Reduced level of blood flow and enhanced inflammation are the two major pathophysiological
Efrem T Abay et al.
Malaria journal, 14, 8-8 (2015-01-08)
Even though malaria is a completely preventable and treatable disease, it remains a threat to human life and a burden to the global economy due to the emergence of multiple-drug resistant malaria parasites. According to the World Malaria Report 2013
Lu Liu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(7), 1979-1986 (2014-05-17)
We studied the effects of pH and solution additives on freezing-induced perturbations in the tertiary structure of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, freezing caused perturbations in the tertiary structure of the mAb, which were
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