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73594

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Sifei Han et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1830-1844 (2014-12-03)
Recent studies have demonstrated the potential for a triglyceride (TG) mimetic prodrug to promote the delivery of mycophenolic acid (MPA) to the lymphatic system. Here, the metabolic pathways that facilitate the lymphatic transport of the TG prodrug (1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-mycophenoloyl glycerol, 2-MPA-TG)
Tõiv Haljasorg et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(23), 5259-5268 (2014-05-23)
A wide range of anthropogenic pollutants that possess serious environmental and health risks are known. One type of these harmful substances that have become a focus of interest during the past decade are perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), which are extensively used
Dominic J Hare et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 6(3), 398-402 (2015-01-15)
Plasma iron levels are decreased in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and associated with an idiopathic anemia. We examined iron-binding plasma proteins from AD patients and healthy controls from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Flagship Study of Ageing using size
M Grégoire et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 971, 1-9 (2014-09-28)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay requiring a 100μL aliquot of human plasma for simultaneous determination of rilpivirine, a second generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors of HIV and dolutegravir, a novel integrase stand transfer inhibitors of HIV concentrations has been
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Francesca Giuffrida et al.
Lipids, 49(10), 997-1004 (2014-09-05)
It has been reported that dietary gangliosides may have an important role in preventing infections and in brain development during early infancy. However, data related to the evolution of their concentration over the different stages of lactation are scarce. Liquid
Miina Ruokolainen et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 65, 45-55 (2014-09-16)
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis for oxidation of anabolic steroids and for imitation of their phase I metabolism. The photocatalytic reaction products of five anabolic steroids were compared to their
Yong-Wha Lee
Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 11(3), 158-164 (2014-01-28)
The demand for rapid and broad clinical toxicology screening methods to identify drugs of abuse and medicinal drugs is increasing steadily. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-TMS) is increasingly used to screen for drugs of abuse and to identify a wide
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Walid M Ebeid et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6701-6712 (2014-09-06)
A RP-LC method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the active components, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) and chlorthalidone (CLT), in their novel antihypertensive combined recipe. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile
Jessica Oenarto et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 560, 59-72 (2014-07-09)
This study characterizes the expression of the osmolyte transporters betaine/γ-amino-n-butyric acid (GABA) transporter (BGT-1), the taurine transporter (TauT) and the sodium-dependent myo-inositol transporter (SMIT) in various rat brain cells in culture and in rat and human cerebral cortex in situ.
Jian-Sheng Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 9, 3923-3935 (2014-08-26)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug efflux across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important mechanism underlying poor brain penetration of certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nanomaterials, as drug carriers, can overcome P-gp activity and improve the targeted delivery of AEDs. However, their
Sebastiaan Bijttebier et al.
Food chemistry, 165, 371-378 (2014-07-21)
Food processing enterprises produce enormous amounts of organic waste that contains valuable phytochemicals (e.g. C17-polyacetylenes). Knowledge on the phytochemicals content is a first step towards valorisation. Quantification of C17-polyacetylenes is however often hampered by the lack of commercially available standards
Yu Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9468-9476 (2013-08-15)
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEOs) with low ethoxylation degree (NPav₂EO; containing two ethoxy units on average) and estrogenic properties are the intermediate products of nonionic surfactant NPEOs. To better understand the environmental fate of low-ethoxylated NPEOs, phylogenetically diverse low-ethoxylated NPEO-degrading bacteria were
Morten Persson et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(8), 2796-2806 (2014-06-24)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is implicated in cancer invasion and metastatic development in prostate cancer and provides therefore an attractive molecular target for both imaging and therapy. In this study, we provide the first in vivo data on
Haidy Metwally et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(4), 2434-2442 (2015-01-17)
Protein analyses by electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry can suffer from interferences caused by nonvolatile salts. The mechanistic basis of this effect remains to be fully investigated. In the current work we explore the behavior of proteins under native and
Hua Zhang et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(5), 2878-2883 (2015-02-14)
Characterization of enzymatic reactions occurring in untreated biological samples is of increasing interest. Herein, the chemical conversion of alliin to allicin, catalyzed by allinase, in raw garlic cloves has been followed in vivo by internal extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Maciej Jarosz et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 851, 72-77 (2014-12-03)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) techniques have been used to characterize the speciation of a Ru(III) anticancer drug, indazolium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole) ruthenate(III)], upon its binding to transferrin and the impact of cellular reducing components on drug-transferrin adducts. Using time-of-flight ESI-MS, the
Angelica Guerrero-Castilla et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 38(3), 742-750 (2014-10-13)
Exposure to coal dust has been associated with different chronic diseases and mortality risk. This airborne pollutant is produced during coal mining and transport activities, generating environmental and human toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects
Igor Otavio Minatel et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(10), 1134-1141 (2014-08-28)
Bioactive components in rice vary depending on the variety and growing condition. Fat-soluble components such as γ-oryzanol, tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotenoids, and fatty acids were analyzed in brown, sugary brown, red, and black rice varieties using established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
Nicola Mastroianni et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1360, 93-99 (2014-08-12)
The increasing, generalized consumption of alcohol, especially among young people, generates great concern in our society due to its negative consequences on public health and safety. Besides the traditional, official methods employed for estimation of alcohol consumption, the monitoring of
Jin Woo Park et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 37(12), 1560-1569 (2013-11-21)
Risedronate is widely used clinically to treat osteoporosis, Paget's disease, hypercalcemia, bone metastasis, and multiple myeloma. However, its oral efficacy is restricted due to its low bioavailability and severe gastrointestinal adverse effects. This study was designed to evaluate the effect
Haoyue Zhang et al.
Molecular genetics and metabolism, 114(2), 123-128 (2014-12-03)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are complex storage disorders that result in the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in urine, blood, brain and other tissues. Symptomatic patients are typically screened for MPS by analysis of GAG in urine. Current screening methods used in clinical
Oskar Vilhelmsson-Timmermand et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 42(4), 375-380 (2015-01-13)
Human tumors xenografted in immunodeficient mice are crucial models in nuclear medicine to evaluate the effectiveness of candidate diagnostic and therapeutic compounds. However, little attention has been focused on the biological profile of the host model and its potential effects
Robert Jirásko et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(19), 4601-4610 (2014-05-21)
The combination of ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry imaging (UHRMSI) and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC/MS/MS) was used for the identification and the spatial localization of atorvastatin (AT) and its metabolites in rat tissues. Ultrahigh-resolution and high mass
Evgenia Karousou et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(6), 7959-7980 (2014-06-14)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) due to their hydrophilic character and high anionic charge densities play important roles in various (patho)physiological processes. The identification and quantification of GAGs in biological samples and tissues could be useful prognostic and diagnostic tools in pathological conditions.
K Maráková et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(9), 663-668 (2014-10-03)
The advanced hyphenated method based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) on-line combined with electrospray ionization (ESI) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS, here triple quadrupole, QqQ) was developed and applied in pharmaceutical analysis in this work. Under the optimized CE separation (background
Giuseppe Cirillo et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 48, 499-510 (2015-01-13)
Thermo-responsive hydrogel films, synthesized by UV-initiated radical polymerization, are proposed as delivery devices for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac sodium and Naproxen). N-isopropylacrylamide and N,N'-ethylenebisacrylamide were chosen as thermo-sensitive monomer and crosslinker, respectively. Infrared spectroscopy was used to assess the incorporation
Yunus Emre Unsal et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 1034-1038 (2014-08-26)
Total concentration of metal ions at trace levels does not give sufficient information about toxicity and biological availability of these elements in fertilizer samples. In the presented work, a sequential extraction procedure modified by the European Community Bureau of Reference
Iva Kulic et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(1), 37-52 (2014-12-17)
Aberrant Notch activity is oncogenic in several malignancies, but it is unclear how expression or function of downstream elements in the Notch pathway affects tumor growth. Transcriptional regulation by Notch is dependent on interaction with the DNA-binding transcriptional repressor, RBPJ
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