Showing 1-30 of 204 resultados for "76119"
Andrea Felser et al.
Toxicology, 323, 1-9 (2014-06-03)
Dronedarone is an amiodarone-like antiarrhythmic drug associated with severe liver injury. Since dronedarone inhibits mitochondrial respiration and β-oxidation in vitro, mitochondrial toxicity may also explain dronedarone-associated hepatotoxicity in vivo. We therefore studied hepatotoxicity of dronedarone (200mg/kg/day for 2 weeks or...
V van Drongelen et al.
Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 44(12), 1515-1524 (2014-10-30)
Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by a reduced skin barrier function, reduced filaggrin (FLG) expression as well as increased colonization by Staphylococcus aureus. This study focused on the possible involvement of FLG in epidermal colonization...
Yuji Katsuta et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 124(5), 1008-1013 (2005-04-28)
Abnormal follicular keratinization is involved in comedogenesis in acne vulgaris. We recently demonstrated that calcium influx into epidermal keratinocytes is associated with impaired skin barrier function and epidermal proliferation. Based on these results, we hypothesized that sebum components affect calcium...
Marta Zamarbide et al.
Hippocampus, 24(7), 733-739 (2014-02-20)
GPR40, the free fatty acid receptor 1, is expressed strongly in the primate pancreas and brain. While the role of pancreatic GPR40 in glucose homeostasis has been extensively studied, the absence of this G-protein-coupled receptor from the brain of rodents...
G Hoffmann et al.
Clinical chemistry, 35(4), 587-595 (1989-04-01)
This new method for qualitative and quantitative determination of organic acids, aldehydes, and ketones in biological samples is effective for use with urine, plasma, and amniotic fluid, and it requires no deproteinization. Isolation by batch-wise liquid partition chromatography on silicic...
Janos Kerner et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(14), 10223-10234 (2014-02-22)
Rat hearts were perfused with [1,2,3,4-(13)C4]palmitic acid (M+4), and the isotopic patterns of myocardial acylcarnitines and acyl-CoAs were analyzed using ultra-HPLC-MS/MS. The 91.2% (13)C enrichment in palmitoylcarnitine shows that little endogenous (M+0) palmitate contributed to its formation. The presence of...
Kar-Lok Wong et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 66(6), 1106-1113 (2014-12-03)
Astrocytes do not only maintain homeostasis of the extracellular milieu of the neurons, but also play an active role in modulating synaptic transmission. Palmitic acid (PA) is a saturated fatty acid which, when being excessive, is a significant risk factor...
Cédric Montigny et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(49), 33850-33861 (2014-10-11)
Sarcolipin (SLN) is a regulatory peptide present in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) from skeletal muscle of animals. We find that native rabbit SLN is modified by a fatty acid anchor on Cys-9 with a palmitic acid in about 60% and, surprisingly...
Masanori Nakakuki et al.
Atherosclerosis, 227(2), 289-296 (2013-02-26)
Chronic inflammation caused by macrophages may be associated with progression of arteriosclerosis or obesity, both risk factors for cardiovascular events. In the Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, was found to reduce...
Jing Li et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(6), 983-987 (2009-06-27)
Two new dihydropyranocoumarins, scuteflorins A (1) and B (2), together with the known compounds decursin (3), chrysin (4), oroxylin A (5), wogonin (6), 5,7-dihydroxy-8,2'-dimethoxyflavone, dihydrochrysin, dihydrooroxylin A, lupenol, scutellaric acid, pomolic acid, ursolic acid, beta-sitosterol, daucosterol, and palmitic acid, were...
Jinmi Lee et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(8), 1041-1048 (2014-06-17)
Hepatokine fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 takes part in the regulation of lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissue. We investigated whether exendin-4 regulates the expression of FGF21 in the liver, and whether the effects of exendin-4 on the...
Sang Youn Hwang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(2), 3323-3334 (2015-02-06)
Chronic intermittent hypoxia, a characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is associated with the progression of simple hepatic steatosis to necroinflammatory hepatitis. We determined whether inhibition of a hypoxia-induced signaling pathway could attenuate hypoxia-exacerbated lipoapoptosis in human hepatocytes. The human...
Nathalie Nicod et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 26(2), 165-172 (2014-12-04)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are atheroprotective because of their role in reverse cholesterol transport. The intestine is involved in this process because it synthesizes HDL, removes cholesterol from plasma and excretes it into the lumen. We investigated the role of selected...
Chuanzheng Sun et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 35(3), 847-853 (2015-01-22)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a public health issue with a prevalence of 15-30% in Western populations and 6-25% in Asian populations. Certain studies have revealed the alteration of microRNA (miRNA or miR) profiles in NAFLD and...
Jürgen G Okun et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1584(2-3), 91-98 (2002-10-19)
Inherited disorders of fatty acid oxidation are a group of acute life-threatening but treatable disorders, clinically complicated by severe hypoketotic hypoglycemia precipitated by prolonged fasting. Among them, medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is by far the most frequent disorder. Here...
Jean Claude Bakala N'Goma et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(2), 780-791 (2014-12-10)
Mycobacterium abscessus is a pathogenic, rapidly growing mycobacterium involved in pulmonary and cutaneo-mucous infections worldwide, to which cystic fibrosis patients are exquisitely susceptible. The analysis of the genome sequence of M. abscessus showed that this bacterium is endowed with the...
Liang Li et al.
Journal of dairy science, 96(4), 2003-2010 (2013-03-07)
The influence of fatty acids on the β-oxidation system and thioesterase of Lactococcus lactis was investigated in this study. The results showed that fatty acids (C8:0-C16:0) significantly inhibited the growth of Lactococcus lactis, and laurate (C12:0) had the highest bactericidal...
Xiao-Chen Wang et al.
Endocrine, 48(1), 143-151 (2014-04-05)
Insulin resistance is a major feature and pathogenic factor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Theoretically, genetic variation in candidate genes related to insulin resistance may contribute to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The purpose of this study was to identify...
E Zamora-Rojas et al.
Meat science, 95(3), 503-511 (2013-06-25)
A handheld micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) based spectrometer working in the near infrared region (NIR) (1600-2400nm) was evaluated for in-situ and non-destructive prediction of main fatty acids in Iberian pig (IP) carcasses. 110 IP carcasses were measured. Performance of the instrument...
Miles Trupp et al.
Journal of Parkinson's disease, 4(3), 549-560 (2014-06-15)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, multi-focal neurodegenerative disease for which there is no effective disease modifying treatment. A critical requirement for designing successful clinical trials is the development of robust and reproducible biomarkers identifying PD in preclinical stages. To...
Matthias Onghena et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 31(12), 2090-2102 (2014-11-20)
In 2011, the European Union prohibited the production of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles due to the toxic effects of the PC monomer bisphenol-A. Therefore, baby bottles made of alternative materials, e.g. polypropylene (PP) or polyethersulphone (PES), are currently marketed. The...
Neha Chauhan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(10), E1077-E1085 (2015-02-26)
Cell growth and division requires the precise duplication of cellular DNA content but also of membranes and organelles. Knowledge about the cell-cycle-dependent regulation of membrane and storage lipid homeostasis is only rudimentary. Previous work from our laboratory has shown that...
Jinmi Lee et al.
Cell stress & chaperones, 19(5), 649-656 (2014-01-22)
Accumulation of excess hepatic lipids contributes to insulin resistance and liver disease associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Exendin-4 is an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor and plays a role in improving insulin resistance and liver disease by...
Tetsuhiko Yasuno et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 448(2), 175-181 (2014-05-02)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is an inherited disorder involving β-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids (FAO), which leads to rhabdomyolysis and subsequent acute renal failure. The detailed mechanisms of disease pathogenesis remain unknown; however, the availability of relevant human...
Praveen Kumar Gaur et al.
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology, 42(5), 296-301 (2013-07-20)
Lipid vesicles are an important drug carrier which can serve for controlled delivery of drugs; however, these vesicles are quite unstable at ambient temperature and require stringent storage condition. Present work was done to develop a stable vesicular system for...
S Urien et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 248(2), 781-785 (1989-02-01)
The effect of plasma protein binding of warfarin on its transfer into the brain and salivary gland was investigated using alpha-1-acid glycoprotein and human serum albumin (HSA) in combination or not with palmitic acid. The tissue extraction of [14C] warfarin...
M C Simon et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 172(3), 383-393 (2013-04-23)
Fatty acids, uric acid and glucose are thought to contribute to subclinical inflammation associated with diabetes mellitus. We tested whether co-incubation of free fatty acids and uric acid or glucose influences the secretion of immune mediators from stimulated human whole...
Xiaoxue Li et al.
Immunity, 52(2), 374-387 (2020-02-23)
Animals require complex metabolic and physiological adaptations to maintain the function of vital organs in response to environmental stresses and infection. Here, we found that infection or injury in Drosophila induced the excretion of hemolymphatic lipids by Malpighian tubules, the...
Pablo J Giraudi et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 98(1), 85-92 (2014-12-24)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by an initial accumulation of triglycerides that can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which can ultimately evolve to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatic stellate cells play a key role in liver fibrogenesis by an increased...
Lionel Faure et al.
Phytochemistry, 110, 58-71 (2014-12-11)
Alkamides and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive, amide-linked lipids that influence plant development. Alkamides are restricted to several families of higher plants and some fungi, whereas NAEs are widespread signaling molecules in both plants and animals. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)...

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