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S R Irish et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 50(3), 619-623 (2013-06-28)
Gravid traps are useful tools for monitoring vector-borne pathogens in mosquitoes, particularly for those pathogens transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus Say. One of the primary challenges in the use of gravid traps is the necessity of the inclusion of an oviposition...
S L Hillier
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 169(2 Pt 2), 455-459 (1993-08-01)
Bacterial vaginosis is characterized microbiologically by replacement of the Lactobacillus-predominant vaginal flora by Gardnerella vaginalis, Bacteroides species, Mobiluncus species, and genital mycoplasmas. A standardized, laboratory-based diagnostic test for bacterial vaginosis is desirable in those instances in which a microscope is...
Qian Li et al.
Current biology : CB, 23(1), 11-20 (2012-11-28)
Rodents use olfactory cues for species-specific behaviors. For example, mice emit odors to attract mates of the same species, but not competitors of closely related species. This implies rapid evolution of olfactory signaling, although odors and chemosensory receptors involved are...
Lei Yu et al.
The Analyst, 140(15), 5276-5286 (2015-06-19)
We developed a strategy for non-targeted profiling of aldehyde-containing compounds by stable isotope labelling in combination with liquid chromatography-double neutral loss scan-mass spectrometry (SIL-LC-DNLS-MS) analysis. A pair of stable isotope labelling reagents (4-(2-(trimethylammonio)ethoxy)benzenaminium halide, 4-APC and d4-4-(2-(trimethylammonio)ethoxy)benzenaminium halide, 4-APC-d4) that...
José Q García-Maldonado et al.
International microbiology : the official journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology, 15(1), 33-41 (2012-07-28)
Methanogens have been reported in complex microbial communities from hypersaline environments, but little is known about their phylogenetic diversity. In this work, methane concentrations in environmental gas samples were determined while methane production rates were measured in microcosm experiments with...
E D Ehrenpreis et al.
Journal of clinical gastroenterology, 33(1), 36-40 (2001-06-22)
D-Xylose absorption testing is a simple, low-cost method of screening for small intestinal malabsorption. The optimum method to measure D-xylose absorption (serum vs. urine testing) is uncertain. We present a method of improving the accuracy of D-xylose testing. Fifty-one consecutive...
Jae-Ean Shim et al.
Journal of food science, 77(10), C1071-C1076 (2012-09-04)
Trimethylamine (TMA) found in some leafy vegetables, such as spinach, cabbage, and lettuce, at alkaline pH was identified and quantified using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME and GC-MS). HS-SPME conditions were optimized at an adsorption temperature of...
Yongchun Liu et al.
Environmental science & technology, 46(20), 11112-11118 (2012-09-12)
Heterogeneous uptake of methylamine (MA), dimethylamine (DMA), and trimethylamine (TMA) onto citric acid and humic acid was investigated using a Knudsen cell reactor coupled to a quadrupole mass spectrometer at 298 K. Acid-base reactions between amines and carboxylic acids were...
Marta Mikš-Krajnik et al.
Food microbiology, 53(Pt B), 182-191 (2015-12-19)
The purpose of this investigation was to identify and quantify the volatile chemical spoilage indexes (CSIs) for raw Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fillets stored under aerobic storage conditions at 4, 10 and 21 °C in relation to microbial and sensory shelf...
Ying Chen et al.
Analytical chemistry, 84(19), 8184-8189 (2012-08-31)
This study proposes nanothickness piezoresistive double-clamped beams that are used in a double-side adsorbing mode. The axially stressed clamped beam exhibits continually increasing sensitivity as it is thinned down to nanoscale, and the thinning is theoretically without limitation. Sensing experiments...
R Paniagua et al.
Nephron, 69(2), 147-150 (1995-01-01)
Patients with chronic renal failure often have low plasma zinc (Zn) levels. Some factors that may account for abnormal Zn metabolism in these patients are low dietary Zn intake, a specific Zn transport defect, or absence of intestinal Zn ligand....
Flurin Cathomas et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 50, 125-140 (2015-07-15)
The similarity between sickness behavior syndrome (SBS) in infection and autoimmune disorders and certain symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD), and the high co-morbidity of autoimmune disorders and MDD, constitutes some of the major evidence for the immune-inflammation hypothesis of...
Sebastian Mondorf et al.
Archaea (Vancouver, B.C.), 2012, 973743-973743 (2012-08-02)
Methanosarcina mazei is one of the model organisms for the methanogenic order Methanosarcinales whose metabolism has been studied in detail. However, the genetic toolbox is still limited. This study was aimed at widening the scope of utilizable methods in this...
Marcus A Bain et al.
Current drug metabolism, 7(7), 811-816 (2006-11-01)
L-Carnitine has important roles in intermediary metabolism and patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing hemodialysis may develop a secondary L-carnitine deficiency. The extent of accumulation of the metabolites trimethylamine and trimethylamine-N-oxide when L-carnitine is administered orally has not...
Yangxi Chu et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(30), 19789-19796 (2015-07-15)
Alkyl aminium sulfates (AASs) can affect the physicochemical properties of atmospheric aerosols such as hygroscopicity. Previous laboratory experiments have shown that the water content in AAS bulk solutions is higher than in aqueous ammonium sulfate solution in the range of...
J Jankowski et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 112(2), 256-264 (2003-07-17)
NO prevents atherogenesis and inflammation in vessel walls by inhibition of cell proliferation and cytokine-induced endothelial expression of adhesion molecules and proinflammatory cytokines. Reduced NO production due to inhibition of either eNOS or iNOS may therefore reinforce atherosclerosis. Patients with...
Pingxi Xu et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(46), 16592-16597 (2014-10-29)
Insect repellents are important prophylactic tools for travelers and populations living in endemic areas of malaria, dengue, encephalitis, and other vector-borne diseases. DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) is a 6-decade-old synthetic repellent, which is still considered the gold standard of mosquito repellents. Mosquitoes...
S H Zeisel et al.
Carcinogenesis, 9(1), 179-181 (1988-01-01)
Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) is a potent carcinogen in a wide variety of animal species. In experimental animals, dimethylamine and nitrite, precursors of NDMA, are found in gastric fluid where the acidic conditions are suitable for formation of nitrosamines. In this study...
Zeev Karpas et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 758, 122-129 (2012-12-19)
The performance of three different types of ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) devices: GDA2 with a radioactive ion source (Airsense, Germany), UV-IMS with a photo-ionization source (G.A.S. Germany) and VG-Test with a corona discharge source (3QBD, Israel) was studied. The gas-phase...
Makiko Shimizu
Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, 129(11), 1351-1356 (2009-11-03)
Individual differences of drug-metabolizing enzymes are important determinants for the metabolic fate of chemicals. This article focuses on polymorphic human flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) and dietary-derived trimethylamine. Malodorous trimethylamine is generally converted to odorless trimethylamine N-oxide by liver microsomal FMO3....
A Oren
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 58(4), 291-298 (1990-11-01)
Glycine betaine is accumulated as a compatible solute in many photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic bacteria--the last being unable to synthesize the compound--and thus large pools of betaine can be expected to be present in hypersaline environments. A variety of aerobic and...
Jimin Ren et al.
Magnetic resonance in medicine, 69(1), 7-17 (2012-04-05)
A trimethylamine (TMA) moiety is present in carnitine and acetylcarnitine, and both molecules play critical roles in muscle metabolism. At 7 T, the chemical shift dispersion was sufficient to routinely resolve the TMA signals from carnitine at 3.20 and from...
Chih-Kuang Chuang et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 364(1-2), 209-216 (2005-08-10)
The high prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition is a critical issue for patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Levels of plasma and intracellular amino acids are significant indicators of protein metabolism...
José R Verdú et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13912-13912 (2015-09-10)
Ivermectin is a veterinary pharmaceutical generally used to control the ecto- and endoparasites of livestock, but its use has resulted in adverse effects on coprophilous insects, causing population decline and biodiversity loss. There is currently no information regarding the direct...
Balazs Pinter et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 19(2), 519-530 (2012-11-22)
Halogen bonds between the trifluoromethyl halides CF(3)Cl, CF(3)Br and CF(3)I, and dimethyl ether, dimethyl sulfide, trimethylamine and trimethyl phosphine were investigated using Pearson's hard and soft acids and bases (HSAB) concept with conceptual DFT reactivity indices, the Ziegler-Rauk-type energy-decomposition analysis...
E L Barrett et al.
Annual review of microbiology, 39, 131-149 (1985-01-01)
Trimethylamine oxide, which is found in relatively high concentrations in the tissues of marine animals, serves as an electron acceptor in the anaerobic metabolism of a number of bacteria associated primarily with three environments: the marine environment (e.g. Alteromonas and...
H F Galley et al.
British journal of anaesthesia, 86(4), 578-580 (2001-09-28)
Nitric oxide synthase requires tetrahydrobiopterin for its activity. In animal models of sepsis, changes in circulating tetrahydrobiopterin concentrations precede increases in nitrate. We measured plasma tetrahydrobiopterin and nitrate concentrations on three consecutive days in 10 patients with septic shock and...
David S Wishart et al.
Nucleic acids research, 37(Database issue), D603-D610 (2008-10-28)
The Human Metabolome Database (HMDB, http://www.hmdb.ca) is a richly annotated resource that is designed to address the broad needs of biochemists, clinical chemists, physicians, medical geneticists, nutritionists and members of the metabolomics community. Since its first release in 2007, the...
Jong Hyun Lim et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 39(1), 244-249 (2012-08-21)
We herein report a peptide receptor-based bioelectronic nose (PRBN) that can determine the quality of seafood in real-time through measuring the amount of trimethylamine (TMA) generated from spoiled seafood. The PRBN was developed using single walled-carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (SWNT-FETs)...
Seishiro Hirano et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142062-e0142062 (2015-11-07)
The Macrophage Receptor with COllagenous structure (MARCO) protein is a plasma membrane receptor for un-opsonized or environmental particles on phagocytic cells. Here, we show that MARCO was internalized either by ruffling of plasma membrane followed by macropinocytosis or by endocytosis...
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