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Björn Meyer et al.
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 6(10), 1690-1699 (2007-06-19)
Bovine mitochondrial ATP synthase commonly is isolated as a monomeric complex that contains 16 protein subunits and the natural IF(1) inhibitor protein in substoichiometric amounts. Alternatively ATP synthase can be isolated in dimeric and higher oligomeric states using digitonin for
Sheila R Costford et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 306(12), E1341-E1353 (2014-04-25)
Chronic low-grade inflammation is an important contributor to the development of insulin resistance, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Obesity and high-fat feeding lead to infiltration of immune cells into metabolic tissues, promoting inflammation and insulin resistance. We
Wei-Wen Lim et al.
PloS one, 15(1), e0227505-e0227505 (2020-01-10)
Interleukin 11 (IL11) is a profibrotic cytokine, secreted by myofibroblasts and damaged epithelial cells. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) also secrete IL11 under pathological conditions and express the IL11 receptor. Here we examined the effects of SMC-specific, conditional expression of murine
Gueorgui Kratassiouk et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 15(5), 667-677 (2016-03-31)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in the AGO-containing RISC complex control messenger RNA (mRNA) translation by binding to mRNA 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). The relationship between miRNAs and other regulatory factors that also bind to mRNA 3'UTR, such as CPEB1 (cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding
Julia Dotterweich et al.
PloS one, 11(5), e0155087-e0155087 (2016-05-10)
Multiple myeloma is one of the most common hematological diseases and is characterized by an aberrant proliferation of plasma cells within the bone marrow. As a result of crosstalk between cancer cells and the bone microenvironment, bone homeostasis is disrupted
Jeannine Basta et al.
Physiological reports, 8(7), e14329-e14329 (2020-04-14)
Fibrosis is a final common pathway for many causes of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-binding integrins are important mediators of the pro-fibrotic response by activating latent TGF-β at sites of injury and by providing myofibroblasts information about
Jennifer L Miles et al.
Endocrinology, 150(1), 179-186 (2008-09-06)
Obesity and its associated comorbidities are of major worldwide concern. It is now recognized that there are a number of metabolically distinct pathways of obesity development. The present paper investigates the effect of moderate daily exercise on the underlying mechanisms
Federica Riva et al.
Cancer immunology research, 7(6), 874-885 (2019-04-26)
Chronic inflammation, including that driven by autoimmunity, is associated with the development of B-cell lymphomas. IL1R8 is a regulatory receptor belonging to the IL1R family, which negatively regulates NF-κB activation following stimulation of IL1R or Toll-like receptor family members. IL1R8
Dimitra Manou et al.
Matrix biology plus, 6-7, 100033-100033 (2021-02-06)
Despite the functional role of serglycin as an intracellular proteoglycan, a variety of malignant cells depends on its expression and constitutive secretion to advance their aggressive behavior. Serglycin arose to be a biomarker for glioblastoma, which is the deadliest and
Richard D Smrt et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 28(6), 1060-1070 (2010-05-28)
The maturation of young neurons is regulated by complex mechanisms and dysregulation of this process is frequently found in neurodevepmental disorders. MicroRNAs have been implicated in several steps of neuronal maturation including dendritic and axonal growth, spine development, and synaptogenesis.
Swati Bajaj et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 291(27), 14231-14247 (2016-04-30)
Spindle assembly checkpoint governs proper chromosomal segregation during mitosis to ensure genomic stability. At the cellular level, this event is tightly regulated by UBE2C, an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme that donates ubiquitin to the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome. This, in turn, facilitates anaphase-onset
L D Picotto et al.
Protein expression and purification, 132, 124-130 (2017-02-13)
The glycoprotein (G-protein) of rabies virus is responsible for viral attachment to the host cell surface and induces virus neutralization antibodies. In the present study, the G-protein gene of rabies virus CVS strain was cloned, sequenced and expressed in the
Yasmin Chau et al.
PloS one, 14(9), e0222803-e0222803 (2019-09-21)
The natural product icariin inhibits human phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) and represents a unique pharmacophore for treating erectile dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, and other diseases. In this study, we explore the available icariin-derived chemical scaffolds through medicinal chemistry to develop novel icariin PDE5
Christopher L Schwebach et al.
Bone research, 8, 21-21 (2020-06-09)
Mutations in actin-bundling protein plastin 3 (PLS3) emerged as a cause of congenital osteoporosis, but neither the role of PLS3 in bone development nor the mechanisms underlying PLS3-dependent osteoporosis are understood. Of the over 20 identified osteoporosis-linked PLS3 mutations, we
A Y Skopin et al.
Acta naturae, 13(1), 140-146 (2021-05-08)
Store-operated Ca2+ entry is one of the main pathways of calcium influx into non-excitable cells, which entails the initiation of many intracellular processes. The endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensors STIM1 and STIM2 are the key components of store-operated Ca2+ entry in
Rafael Vilar Sampaio et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 11493-11493 (2020-07-15)
Orchestrated events, including extensive changes in epigenetic marks, allow a somatic nucleus to become totipotent after transfer into an oocyte, a process termed nuclear reprogramming. Recently, several strategies have been applied in order to improve reprogramming efficiency, mainly focused on
Ruth Lydia Olga Lambertz et al.
Virology journal, 17(1), 56-56 (2020-04-24)
The host cell protease TMPRSS2 cleaves the influenza A virus (IAV) hemagglutinin (HA). Several reports have described resistance of Tmprss2-/- knock-out (KO) mice to IAV infection but IAV of the H2 subtype have not been examined yet. Here, we demonstrate
Arijit Ghosh et al.
Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 11(6), 481-492 (2021-11-13)
Epithelial ovarian cancer has the deadliest prognosis amongst gynaecological cancers, warranting an unmet need for newer drug targets. Based on its anticancer as well as abortifacient potential, Moringa oleifera Lam. root was hypothesized to have some implications in follicle stimulating
Chang Gong et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5406-5406 (2014-11-20)
BRMS1L (breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 like, BRMS1-like) is a component of Sin3A-histone deacetylase (HDAC) co-repressor complex that suppresses target gene transcription. Here we show that reduced BRMS1L in breast cancer tissues is associated with metastasis and poor patient survival.
Jie Chen et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 6204-6204 (2021-10-29)
Molecular glues are a class of small molecular drugs that mediate protein-protein interactions, that induce either the degradation or stabilization of target protein. A structurally diverse group of chemicals, including 17-β-estradiol (E2), anagrelide, nauclefine, and DNMDP, induces apoptosis by forming
Milan Patra et al.
Journal of cell science, 129(14), 2841-2851 (2016-06-03)
Despite established links of CCN6, or Wnt induced signaling protein-3 (WISP3), with progressive pseudo rheumatoid dysplasia, functional characterization of CCN6 remains incomplete. In light of the documented negative correlation between accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and CCN6 expression, we
Gisele Pereira Dias et al.
Behavioural brain research, 263, 34-45 (2014-01-28)
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is highly prevalent and incapacitating. Here we used the Carioca High-Conditioned Freezing (CHF) rats, a previously validated animal model for GAD, to identify biomarkers and structural changes in the hippocampus that could be part of the
Ji-Woon Kim et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 12003-12003 (2018-08-15)
Social support can relieve stress-induced behavioural outcomes, although its underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we evaluated whether social interactions can prevent the restraint stress (RS)-induced cognitive impairments in male adolescent mice by utilizing molecular, cellular, and behavioural
Julie Allombert et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(3), 1222-1233 (2014-01-01)
Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular pathogen which replicates within protozoan cells and can accidently infect alveolar macrophages, causing an acute pneumonia in humans. The second messenger cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) has been shown to play key roles in the regulation of
Yan Yan et al.
Molecular plant, 13(2), 321-335 (2019-12-10)
In plants, RNA interference (RNAi) plays a pivotal role in growth and development, and responses to environmental inputs, including pathogen attack. The intercellular and systemic trafficking of small interfering RNA (siRNA)/microRNA (miRNA) is a central component in this regulatory pathway.
Shui-Sheng Yu et al.
Neural regeneration research, 17(5), 1072-1079 (2021-09-25)
After spinal cord injury (SCI), astrocytes gradually migrate to and surround the lesion, depositing chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan-rich extracellular matrix and forming astrocytic scar, which limits the spread of inflammation but hinders axon regeneration. Meanwhile, microglia gradually accumulate at the lesion
Maxwell B Johnson et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 3876-3876 (2017-06-22)
Wound healing is significantly delayed in irradiated skin. To better understand global changes in protein expression after radiation, we utilized a reverse phase protein array (RPPA) to identify significant changes in paired samples of normal and irradiated human skin. Of
Andreas Schummer et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8, 549451-549451 (2020-10-13)
The peroxisomal biogenesis factor Pex14p is an essential component of the peroxisomal matrix protein import machinery. Together with Pex13p and Pex17p, it is part of the membrane-associated peroxisomal docking complex in yeast, facilitating the binding of cargo-loaded receptor proteins for
Keren Weidenfeld-Baranboim et al.
The Biochemical journal, 436(3), 661-669 (2011-04-06)
JDP2 (c-Jun dimerization protein 2) is a member of the basic leucine zipper family of transcription factors that is ubiquitously expressed in all examined cell types. JDP2 is phosphorylated on Thr148 by JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) and p38 kinase, although
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