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Steven Pauwels et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(20), 6191-6199 (2015-06-15)
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is the method of choice for quantifying small molecules in research and clinical setting. Although there is a large toolkit to increase quantification levels for LC-MS/MS, these techniques are sometimes insufficient to attain the needed
Jumah Masoud M Salmani et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(4), 465-472 (2014-02-05)
Serious efforts have been made to overcome the bioavailability problems of ever increasing number of poorly soluble drugs, including atorvastatin (ATO); however, enhancing its gastric solubility has not received much attention. To improve the bioavailability of ATO by increasing its
Francesca Giuffrida et al.
Lipids, 49(10), 997-1004 (2014-09-05)
It has been reported that dietary gangliosides may have an important role in preventing infections and in brain development during early infancy. However, data related to the evolution of their concentration over the different stages of lactation are scarce. Liquid
Yueping Bao et al.
Chemosphere, 134, 550-556 (2015-01-07)
A systematic study on photolysis of tetrabromobisphenol A (2,2',6,6'-tetrabromo-4,4'-isopropylidendiphenol, TBBPA) in water was investigated under simulated sunlight irradiation. The results showed that the photolysis of TBBPA followed apparent pseudo-first-order kinetics. The photolysis rate constants (k) changed from 2.80 × 10(-2)
Jacqueline Ramírez et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 43(7), 928-935 (2015-04-15)
OTS167 is a potent maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase inhibitor undergoing clinical testing as antineoplastic agent. We aimed to identify the UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) involved in OTS167 metabolism, study the relationship between UGT genetic polymorphisms and hepatic OTS167 glucuronidation, and investigate
Morten Persson et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(8), 2796-2806 (2014-06-24)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is implicated in cancer invasion and metastatic development in prostate cancer and provides therefore an attractive molecular target for both imaging and therapy. In this study, we provide the first in vivo data on
Elena Brezina et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(17), 10449-10456 (2015-08-25)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a worldwide used antiepileptic drug, which is metabolized to a large extent in the human body to several metabolites, including 10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine (DiOHCBZ), 2-hydroxycarbamazepine (2OHCBZ), and 3-hydroxycarbamazepine (3OHCBZ). 2OHCBZ and 3OHCBZ were previously detected in raw and treated
Jian-Sheng Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 9, 3923-3935 (2014-08-26)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug efflux across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important mechanism underlying poor brain penetration of certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nanomaterials, as drug carriers, can overcome P-gp activity and improve the targeted delivery of AEDs. However, their
Takeshi Fukushima et al.
Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine, 28(4), 669-677 (2015-04-09)
We previously developed a chelating ligand, 1-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde)-4-aminosalicylhydrazone (HMB-ASH), which can chelate Fe(III) to form a complex. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III) complex exhibits a dose-dependent anti-proliferative effect in HepG2 cells, whereas the ligand, HMB-ASH, and Fe(III) alone had no considerable effect. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III)
Shuai Zhang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(30), 8971-8977 (2015-10-03)
Reliably detecting nitrofurazone (NFZ) residues in farmed crab and shrimp was previously hindered by lack of appropriately specific analytical methodology. Parent NFZ rapidly breaks down in meat, and the commonly used side-chain metabolite, semicarbazide (SEM), is non-specific as it occurs
Bradley W Davis et al.
Biophysical journal, 109(10), 2182-2194 (2015-11-21)
Subcellular compartmentalization of biomolecules and their reactions is common in biology and provides a general strategy for improving and/or controlling kinetics in metabolic pathways that contain multiple sequential enzymes. Enzymes can be colocalized in multiprotein complexes, on scaffolds or inside
Mario F Mirabelli et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(16), 4513-4522 (2015-03-31)
In this study, we demonstrate the application of ambient mass spectrometry for measuring fatty acids from various biological sample matrices such as olive oil, fish oil, salmon, and human serum. Optimum performance was obtained after spotting samples onto thin-layer chromatography
Yu Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9468-9476 (2013-08-15)
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEOs) with low ethoxylation degree (NPav₂EO; containing two ethoxy units on average) and estrogenic properties are the intermediate products of nonionic surfactant NPEOs. To better understand the environmental fate of low-ethoxylated NPEOs, phylogenetically diverse low-ethoxylated NPEO-degrading bacteria were
Rodney A Velliquette et al.
Nutrition & metabolism, 12, 27-27 (2015-08-08)
Diacylglyceride acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is the enzyme that adds the final fatty acid on to a diacylglyceride during triglyceride (TG) synthesis. DGAT1 plays a key role in the repackaging of dietary TG into circulating TG rich chylomicrons. A growing amount
Faye B Vicente et al.
Clinical biochemistry, 48(10-11), 679-685 (2015-04-04)
Measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) is the best indicator of renal function in children and adolescents. GFR determination using iohexol clearance has been increasingly accepted and applied in clinical practice because it is accurate, readily available, non-radioactive, safe and is
Rachumallu Ramakrishna et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 990, 185-197 (2015-04-23)
Azilsartan medoxomil (AZM), an ester prodrug of azilsartan (AZ), and chlorthalidone (CLT) have recently been approved as a combination therapy for the management of hypertension. This is the first report which described a selective and sensitive method for the simultaneous
Li Jiao et al.
Digestive diseases and sciences, 60(12), 3590-3602 (2015-07-18)
Inflammatory bowel disease results from a combination of dysfunction of intestinal epithelial barrier and dysregulation of mucosal immune system. iPLA2β has multiple homeostatic functions and shown to play a role in membrane remodeling, cell proliferation, monocyte chemotaxis, and apoptosis. The
J Y Liew et al.
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 25(3), 274-279 (2015-02-03)
To investigate the association between vitamin D levels, angiographic severity of coronary artery disease, arterial stiffness and degree of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) as assessed by ankle brachial index (ABI). 375 patients undergoing coronary angiography from November 2012 to September
Sridhar Veeraraghavan et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 94, 125-131 (2014-02-25)
Efficacy assessments using a combination of ruxolitinib and nilotinib necessitate the development of a high precision analytical method for determination of both drugs in plasma. A high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination
Danilo Donnarumma et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(6), 2260-2267 (2015-02-26)
Bexsero, a new vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB), is composed of 3 main recombinant proteins and an outer membrane vesicle component. One of the main bactericidal antigens, neisseria heparin binding antigen (NHBA), is present as a fusion protein
Walid M Ebeid et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6701-6712 (2014-09-06)
A RP-LC method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the active components, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) and chlorthalidone (CLT), in their novel antihypertensive combined recipe. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Nantana Nuchtavorn et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1286, 216-221 (2013-03-21)
Microfluidic chip electrophoresis (chip-CE) is a separation method that is compatible with portable and on-site analysis, however, only few commercial chip-CE systems with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and light emitting diode (LED) fluorescence detection are available. They are established for several
Ahmed Alsaqr et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 16(4), 963-972 (2015-01-23)
Transdermal delivery of therapeutic amounts of vitamin D3 is proposed to overcome its variable oral bioavailability, especially for people who suffer from fat malabsorption. The main challenge for this delivery route is to overcome the barrier properties of skin, especially
Simona Summa et al.
Food chemistry, 187, 477-484 (2015-05-16)
A simple, sensitive and selective multiresidue high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection method for determination of 13 sulphonamides in eggs was developed and validated. Sample extraction and clean-up conditions were carefully studied and factors as gradient elution and column
Morten S Opstrup et al.
Contact dermatitis, 72(1), 55-58 (2014-09-12)
Chlorhexidine may cause type I and type IV allergy. Some chlorhexidine-allergic individuals have been exposed in the healthcare setting as patients or healthcare workers, but for others the source of sensitization is unknown. Chlorhexidine may be used as a preservative
Suzanne L Parker et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 105, 39-45 (2014-12-22)
A high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) chromatography for the analysis of fosfomycin in human plasma and urine, has been developed and validated. The plasma method uses a simple protein precipitation using
Hong Yu et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 45(3), 270-277 (2014-10-23)
1. Paracetamol overdose remains the leading cause of acute liver failure in humans. This study was undertaken in cynomolgus monkeys to study the pharmacokinetics, metabolism and the potential for hepatotoxic insult from paracetamol administration as a possible model for human
Ellen J B Derissen et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 110, 58-66 (2015-03-26)
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and its oral prodrug capecitabine are among the most widely used chemotherapeutics. For cytotoxic activity, 5-FU requires cellular uptake and intracellular metabolic activation. Three intracellular formed metabolites are responsible for the antineoplastic effect of 5-FU: 5-fluorouridine 5'-triphosphate (FUTP)
Nikola Pluym et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(18), 5463-5476 (2015-05-04)
Mercapturic acids (MAs) are metabolic end products formed from conjugates between glutathione and electrophilic compounds. MAs are, therefore, suitable biomarkers of exposure to toxicants, which are either electrophiles by themselves or metabolized to electrophilic intermediates. We developed and validated two
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