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Can Lu et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 115(8), 1458-1466 (2014-03-13)
Parthenolide is the main bioactive component in feverfew, a common used herbal medicine, and has been extensively studied in relation to its anti-cancer properties. However there have been very few in-depth studies of the activities of this compound at the
Yuxin Zhou et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(8), 1624-1637 (2015-02-05)
Following our previous finding which revealed that FV-429 induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, in this study, we found that FV-429 could also induce apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells. Firstly, FV-429 inhibited the viability of BGC-823 and
Ying-Yu Zhang et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 352(1), 166-174 (2014-11-08)
It has been reported that ophiopogonin D (OP-D), a steroidal glycoside and an active component extracted from Ophiopogon japonicas, promotes antioxidative protection of the cardiovascular system. However, it is unknown whether OP-D exerts protective effects against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced autophagic cardiomyocyte
Min Liu et al.
Redox biology, 43, 102004-102004 (2021-05-22)
Epigenetic regulation disorder is important in the onset and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SETD2, a trimethyltransferase of histone H3K36, is frequently mutated in IBD samples with a high risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). However, functions of SETD2
Yoshinori Inagaki et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11180-11180 (2015-06-11)
In drug development, the toxicity of candidate chemicals must be carefully examined in an animal model. Here we developed a live imaging technique using silkworms for a noninvasive toxicity test applicable for drug screening. Injection of carbon tetrachloride, a tissue-injuring
Marisol Domínguez-Álvarez et al.
Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 163(5), 478-493 (2014-01-01)
High-intensity exercise induces oxidative stress and inflammatory events in muscles. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α may alter muscle protein metabolism or promote muscle regeneration. We hypothesized that a program of noninvasive chronic inspiratory loading of different intensities induces a differential pattern
Vassilis Papalazarou et al.
Nature metabolism, 2(1), 62-80 (2020-07-23)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is particularly metastatic, with dismal survival rates and few treatment options. Stiff fibrotic stroma is a hallmark of pancreatic tumours, but how stromal mechanosensing affects metastasis is still unclear. Here, we show that mechanical changes in the
Maricarmen Cristofaro et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1852(9), 1719-1728 (2015-05-26)
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a tumor suppressor involved in the Wnt signaling, the primary driving force of the intestinal epithelium homeostasis. Alterations of components of the Wnt pathway, and in most cases mutations of APC, have been reported to
Shuang Chang et al.
Nature chemical biology, 4(4), 256-263 (2008-03-11)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the functional loss of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. Deletion of the FMR1 ortholog in Drosophila melanogaster (Fmr1) recapitulates many phenotypes associated with fragile X syndrome. We have discovered that Fmr1
Chung Won Lee et al.
Biomolecules & therapeutics, 23(6), 564-570 (2015-11-05)
Peptidoglycan (PG), the gram positive bacterial pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP), is detected in a high proportion in macrophage-rich atheromatous regions, and expression of chemokine CXCL8, which triggers monocyte arrest on early atherosclerotic endothelium, is elevated in monocytes/macrophages in human atherosclerotic
Wei Wang et al.
Cancers, 12(1) (2020-01-19)
Ototoxicity is a major adverse effect of platinum-based chemotherapeutics and currently, there remains a lack of United States Food and Drug Administration-approved therapies to prevent or treat this problem. In our study, we examined the role of the sphingosine 1-phosphate
Xiangcui Chen et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 176(12), 2079-2094 (2019-03-03)
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for up to 80-85% of all lung cancers and has a disappointing prognosis. Flavonoids exert anticancer properties, mostly involving stimulation of ROS production without significant toxicity to normal cells. This study was aimed to delineate
Huang-Yao Tu et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 19(18), 5670-5678 (2011-08-20)
Thirteen anthraquinone derivatives 5-17 including two 3-(3-alkylaminopropoxy)-9,10-anthraquinone (NHA) derivatives 5 and 6, and 11 1-hydroxy-3-(3-alkylaminopropoxy)-9,10-anthraquinone (MHA) derivatives 7-17 were synthesized, evaluated for cytotoxicities against two cancer cell lines, and assayed the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in NTUB1 cells
Lindsey Mayes-Hopfinger et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 4546-4546 (2021-07-29)
The NLRP3 inflammasome mediates the production of proinflammatory cytokines and initiates inflammatory cell death. Although NLRP3 is essential for innate immunity, aberrant NLRP3 inflammasome activation contributes to a wide variety of inflammatory diseases. Understanding the pathways that control NLRP3 activation
Bo Wang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 260, 113984-113984 (2020-02-12)
1-nitropyrene (1-NP) is a key component of diesel exhaust-sourced fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Our recent study demonstrated that gestational 1-NP exposure caused placental proliferation inhibition and fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). This study aimed to investigate the role of genotoxic
Daniele Moretti et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117258-e0117258 (2015-02-07)
Calpain-3 is an intracellular cysteine protease, belonging to Calpain superfamily and predominantly expressed in skeletal muscle. In human melanoma cell lines and biopsies, we previously identified two novel splicing variants (hMp78 and hMp84) of Calpain-3 gene (CAPN3), which have a
Mojca Zelnikar et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99287-e99287 (2014-06-06)
There is a well-established association between exposure to air pollutants and pulmonary injuries. For example, metals found in ROFA (residual oil fly ash) increase susceptibility of mice as well as humans to microbial infections. In our research, we have found
Anna Maria Mileo et al.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2015, 363827-363827 (2015-07-17)
Polyphenolic extracts from the edible part of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) have been shown to be potential chemopreventive and anticancer dietary compounds. High doses of polyphenolic extracts (AEs) induce apoptosis and decrease the invasive potential of the human breast cancer
Dan Bagger-Sjöbäck et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0115657-e0115657 (2015-03-13)
Otosclerosis is a disorder that impairs middle ear function, leading to conductive hearing loss. Surgical treatment results in large improvement of hearing at low sound frequencies, but high-frequency hearing often suffers. A likely reason for this is that inner ear
Lancelot S McLean et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 66(6), 937-945 (2014-12-03)
Some imidazoline compounds have pleiotropic effects including cell death in vitro. We examined the antiproliferative action of a novel imidazoline compound S43126, and the role of the I1-imidazoline receptor, ROS, MAPKs and caspases in S43126-induced cell death. PC 12 cells
Xin-Ming Yao et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(1), 520-526 (2015-03-12)
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of metformin in oxidative stress and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) expression in rat glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) cultured in a high glucose medium. Rat glomerular MCs
Elena Brezina et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(17), 10449-10456 (2015-08-25)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a worldwide used antiepileptic drug, which is metabolized to a large extent in the human body to several metabolites, including 10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine (DiOHCBZ), 2-hydroxycarbamazepine (2OHCBZ), and 3-hydroxycarbamazepine (3OHCBZ). 2OHCBZ and 3OHCBZ were previously detected in raw and treated
Philippe Foubert et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(7), 1343-1361 (2013-09-28)
Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation has beneficial effects for therapeutic neovascularization. We therefore assessed the effect of a therapeutic strategy based on EPC administration in the healing of radiation-induced damage. To improve cell therapy for clinical use, we used pretreatment
Koji Torii et al.
Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association, 18(3), 635-643 (2014-07-07)
Treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis arising from gastric cancer remains a considerable challenge. In recent years, the anticancer effect of nonequilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma (NEAPP) has been reported in several cancer cell lines. Use of NEAPP may develop into a new
Yun-Li Wu et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 377, 114626-114626 (2019-06-16)
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a type of cyclic heptapeptide toxin produced by cyanobacteria during bloom events. MC-LR-induced cell death is critically involved in its potent specific hepatotoxicity. Many studies have demonstrated that prototypical apoptosis as a form of programmed cell death
K J Ahlqvist et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6494-6494 (2015-03-10)
Haematopoietic progenitor cells show special sensitivity to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutagenesis, which suggests that increased mtDNA mutagenesis could underlie anemias. Here we show that elevated mtDNA mutagenesis in mice with a proof-reading deficient mtDNA polymerase (PolG) leads to incomplete mitochondrial
Mariko Fukumoto
Chudoku kenkyu : Chudoku Kenkyukai jun kikanshi = The Japanese journal of toxicology, 26(2), 129-133 (2013-07-17)
Huan Wang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 33(6), 1789-1801 (2014-06-14)
In advanced atherosclerosis, chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induces foam cells apoptosis and generates inflammatory reactions. THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells (FC) were incubated with 1 mM 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). After ALA mediated sonodynamic therapy (ALA-SDT), apoptosis of FC was assayed
Jingyu Guo et al.
Toxicology letters, 234(3), 201-210 (2015-03-01)
Metastasis is the leading cause of deaths in patients with breast cancer. Benzo[a]pyrene is a cumulative carcinogen and ubiquitous environmental pollutant with potent carcinogenic properties. As we report here, we established an accumulative mouse model mimicking the cumulative effects of
Haibo Chen et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1712-1726 (2014-10-25)
Ultrasound combined with endogenous protoporphyrin IX derived from 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA-SDT) is known to induce apoptosis in multiple cancer cells and macrophages. Persistent retention of macrophages in the plaque has been implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of atherosclerosis. Here
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