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Charles Ansong et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(25), 10153-10158 (2013-05-31)
Characterization of the mature protein complement in cells is crucial for a better understanding of cellular processes on a systems-wide scale. Toward this end, we used single-dimension ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography mass spectrometry to investigate the comprehensive "intact" proteome of the
Peng Ye et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(18), 3421-3434 (2014-07-09)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway degrades ubiquitinated proteins to remove damaged or misfolded protein and thus plays an important role in the maintenance of many important cellular processes. Because the pathway is also crucial for tumor cell growth and survival, proteasome inhibition
Jie Li et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 143(1), 196-208 (2014-10-22)
Excess accumulation of endogenous all-trans-retinal (atRAL) contributes to degeneration of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptor cells, and plays a role in the etiologies of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and Stargardt's disease. In this study, we reveal that human
Harsimran Singh et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(51), 36189-36200 (2013-11-08)
Fe-S clusters are critical metallocofactors required for cell function. Fe-S cluster biogenesis is carried out by assembly machinery consisting of multiple proteins. Fe-S cluster biogenesis proteins work together to mobilize sulfide and iron, form the nascent cluster, traffic the cluster
Mahesh Kumar Verma et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 251-251 (2014-06-18)
Apart from elevated glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol, elevated levels of serum free-fatty acid (FFA) are observed in diabetic patients. Increased FFA load can cause multiple dysregulation which are collectively known as lipotoxicity. Impacts of FFA induced lipotoxicity were evaluated on
Melissa A Badding et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e101310-e101310 (2014-07-01)
Welding processes that generate fumes containing toxic metals, such as hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), manganese (Mn), and nickel (Ni), have been implicated in lung injury, inflammation, and lung tumor promotion in animal models. While federal regulations have reduced permissible worker exposure
R Janáky et al.
Neurochemical research, 25(9-10), 1397-1405 (2000-11-04)
We review here the possible mechanisms of neuronal degeneration caused by L-cysteine, an odd excitotoxin. L-Cysteine lacks the omega carboxyl group required for excitotoxic actions via excitatory amino acid receptors, yet it evokes N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) -like excitotoxic neuronal death and
Beata Olas
Chemico-biological interactions, 217, 49-56 (2014-04-22)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a well known toxic gas that is synthesized from the amino acids: cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy) by three enzymes: cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST). Hydrogen sulfide, like carbon monoxide (CO) or nitric
Joshua K Crowell et al.
Biochemistry, 53(48), 7541-7548 (2014-11-12)
Cysteine dioxygenase (CDO) is a non-heme mononuclear iron enzyme that catalyzes the O2-dependent oxidation of l-cysteine (Cys) to produce cysteine sulfinic acid (CSA). This enzyme catalyzes the first committed step in Cys catabolism; thus, it is central to mammalian sulfur
Yoshio Takeuchi et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 18(23), 6202-6205 (2008-10-28)
In order to investigate crystallographically the mechanism of inhibition of cysteine protease by alpha-methyl-gamma,gamma-diphenylallenecarboxylic acid ethyl ester 3, a cysteine protease inhibitor having in vivo stability, we synthesized N-(alpha-methyl-gamma,gamma-diphenylallenecarbonyl)-L-phenylalanine ethyl ester 4. Reaction of 4 with thiophenol, the SH group
Valery Kh Akparov et al.
The FEBS journal, 282(7), 1214-1224 (2015-01-27)
The crystal structures of carboxypeptidase T (CpT) complexes with phenylalanine and arginine substrate analogs - benzylsuccinic acid and (2-guanidinoethylmercapto)succinic acid - were determined by the molecular replacement method at resolutions of 1.57 Å and 1.62 Å to clarify the broad
Hans F N Kvitvang et al.
Analytical chemistry, 83(7), 2705-2711 (2011-03-11)
Metabolite profiling methods are important tools for measurement of metabolite pools in biological systems. While most metabolite profiling methods report relative intensities or depend on a few internal standards representing all metabolites, the ultimate requirement for a quantitative description of
S Martín et al.
International journal for parasitology, 45(13), 831-840 (2015-08-05)
The limitations associated with the use of anthelmintic drugs in the control of gastrotintestinal nematodosis, such as the emergence of anthelmintic resistance, have stimulated the study of the immunological control of many parasites. In the case of Haemonchus contortus, several
Yipin Wu et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 309(7), R747-R756 (2015-08-01)
Inwardly rectifying potassium channels play essential roles in renal physiology across phyla. Barium-sensitive K(+) conductances are found on the basolateral membrane of a variety of insect Malpighian (renal) tubules, including Drosophila melanogaster. We found that barium decreases the lumen-positive transepithelial
Biochemistry: Oxidation controls the DUB step.
Michael J Clague
Nature, 497(7447), 49-50 (2013-05-03)
Mathieu Taveau et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 23(24), 9127-9135 (2003-12-04)
Calpain 3 (Capn3) is known as the skeletal muscle-specific member of the calpains, a family of intracellular nonlysosomal cysteine proteases. This enigmatic protease has many unique features among the calpain family and, importantly, mutations in Capn3 have been shown to
Kolsoom Parvaneh et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 897639-897639 (2015-09-15)
Probiotics are live microorganisms that exert beneficial effects on the host, when administered in adequate amounts. Mostly, probiotics affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of the host and alter the composition of gut microbiota. Nowadays, the incidence of hip fractures due
Alok Pandey et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(52), 36773-36786 (2013-11-13)
For iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster synthesis in mitochondria, the sulfur is derived from the amino acid cysteine by the cysteine desulfurase activity of Nfs1. The enzyme binds the substrate cysteine in the pyridoxal phosphate-containing site, and a persulfide is formed on
Tiago Sousa et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(10), 3171-3175 (2014-08-06)
Azo-bonded prodrugs of 5-aminosalicylic acid (mesalazine)-sulfasalazine, balsalazide, and olsalazine, which are used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, rely on colonic bacteria to cleave the azo bond and liberate the active drug in the large intestine. The aim of this
Assuero F Garcia et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1844(6), 1094-1103 (2014-03-19)
In eukaryotes, there are still steps of the vitamin B1 biosynthetic pathway not completely understood. In Arabidopsis thaliana, THI1 protein has been associated with the synthesis of the thiazole ring, a finding supported by the identification of a thiamine pyrophosphate
Thomas H Leung et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 123(12), 5361-5370 (2013-11-16)
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) regulates cellular responses to inflammation and aging, and alterations in NF-κB signaling underlie the pathogenesis of multiple human diseases. Effective clinical therapeutics targeting this pathway remain unavailable. In primary human keratinocytes, we found that hypochlorite (HOCl) reversibly
Borna Ghosh et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(24), 17420-17431 (2013-05-04)
General anesthetics exert many of their CNS actions by binding to and modulating membrane-embedded pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs). The structural mechanisms underlying how anesthetics modulate pLGIC function remain largely unknown. GLIC, a prokaryotic pLGIC homologue, is inhibited by general
Zhi-Zhun Mo et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 15, 238-238 (2015-07-17)
The inhibitory effect of andrographolide sodium bisulphite (ASB) on jack bean urease (JBU) and Helicobacter pylori urease (HPU) was performed to elucidate the inhibitory potency, kinetics and mechanism of inhibition in 20 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, 2 mM EDTA
Angela Fülbier et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 5(5), 113-113 (2014-10-11)
Adipose-derived stroma cells (ASCs) are attractive cells for cell-based gene therapy but are generally difficult to transfect. Nucleofection has proven to be an efficient method for transfection of primary cells. Therefore, we used this technique to transfect ASCs with a
R Zagrodnik et al.
Bioresource technology, 194, 187-195 (2015-07-22)
The role of pH control on biohydrogen production by co-culture of dark-fermentative Clostridium acetobutylicum and photofermentative Rhodobacter sphaeroides was studied. Single stage dark fermentation, photofermentation and hybrid co-culture systems were studied at different values of controlled and uncontrolled pH. Increasing
Katherine A Black et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(11), 1952-1962 (2015-04-01)
The 2-thiouridine (s(2)U) modification of the wobble position in glutamate, glutamine, and lysine tRNA molecules serves to stabilize the anticodon structure, improving ribosomal binding and overall efficiency of the translational process. Biosynthesis of s(2)U in Escherichia coli requires a cysteine
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:
Roomina Jahroomishirazi et al.
Cells, tissues, organs, 200(2), 141-152 (2015-05-23)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great promise in the field of regenerative medicine due to their differentiation potential into several lineages. Besides the bone marrow, MSCs can be obtained from the dermis, which represents a large stem cell reservoir in
Zhao-Yun Cao et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 976-977, 19-26 (2014-12-02)
Analysis of biothiols is still problematic, due to their high polarity, oxidation sensitivity and time-consuming sample preparation. In this paper, a direct, rapid and sensitive method was developed for simultaneous quantification of unbound cysteine (Cys), glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins (PCs)
Lu Luo et al.
Biomedical materials (Bristol, England), 10(5), 055011-055011 (2015-09-24)
Bioreactors that subject cell seeded scaffolds or hydrogels to biophysical stimulation have been used to improve the functionality of tissue engineered cartilage and to explore how such constructs might respond to the application of joint specific mechanical loading. Whether a
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