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María M Milesi et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 401, 248-259 (2014-12-09)
We investigated whether neonatal exposure to low doses of endosulfan affects fertility and uterine functional differentiation at pre-implantation in rats. Newborn female rats received the vehicle, 0.2 µg/kg/d of diethylstilbestrol (DES), 6 µg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo6) or 600 µg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo600) on
Barbara Oldrini et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 3883-3883 (2020-08-06)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral alkylating agent used for the treatment of glioblastoma and is now becoming a chemotherapeutic option in patients diagnosed with high-risk low-grade gliomas. The O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is responsible for the direct repair of the main
Elham Hoveizi et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 102(11), 4027-4036 (2013-11-28)
Human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are considered to be potentially able to differentiate into all human cell lineages and thus hold promise as an unlimited source for cell replacement therapies in clinical applications. Definitive endoderm (DE) formation is the first
Lei Sheng et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 189, 240-247 (2019-01-18)
Active vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) has been shown to regulate numerous cell processes in mammary cells. Degradation of 1,25(OH)2D is initiated by the mitochondrial enzyme, 25-hydroxyvitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24 A1), and provides local control of 1,25(OH)2D bioactivity. Several reports of the association
Xing Tian et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(3), 335-344 (2014-10-30)
Accumulated evidence has shown that excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in neuronal cell death related with various chronic neurodegenerative disorders. This study was designed to explore neuroprotective effects of ethyl acetate extract of Arctium lappa L. roots
Ela Elyada et al.
Cancer discovery, 9(8), 1102-1123 (2019-06-15)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are major players in the progression and drug resistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). CAFs constitute a diverse cell population consisting of several recently described subtypes, although the extent of CAF heterogeneity has remained undefined. Here we
Yang Li et al.
Cancer letters, 355(1), 130-140 (2014-09-15)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to play an essential role in progression and metastasis. This study aims to investigate the expression and underlying molecular targets of high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) in the progression of colon cancer. The expression of
Hideki Kondo et al.
Journal of virology, 87(13), 7423-7434 (2013-04-26)
Orchid fleck virus (OFV) has a unique two-segmented negative-sense RNA genome that resembles that of plant nucleorhabdoviruses. In infected plant cells, OFV and nucleorhabdoviruses induce an intranuclear electron-lucent viroplasm that is believed to be the site for virus replication. In
Xiaohong Ma et al.
Inflammation, 42(5), 1901-1912 (2019-07-06)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe acute disease that threatens human health, and few drugs that can effectively treat this disease are available. Fraxin, one of the main active ingredients of Cortex Fraxini, a Chinese herbal medicine, has
Yueyang Liu et al.
Autophagy, 15(3), 493-509 (2018-10-12)
Mounting attention has been focused on defects in macroautophagy/autophagy and the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP) in cerebral ischemia. TFEB (transcription factor EB)-mediated induction of ALP has been recently considered as the common mechanism in ameliorating the pathological lesion of myocardial ischemia
Huifang Zhou et al.
Biomaterials, 35(26), 7398-7406 (2014-06-17)
The main functions of the conjunctiva, an essential part of the ocular surface, are to maintain the equilibrium of the tear film and to protect the eye. Upon injuries, the prerequisite to successful ocular surface repair is conjunctival reconstruction. Tissue
Kazuaki Nakajima et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133308-e0133308 (2015-07-18)
Cell transplantation therapy will mean a breakthrough in resolving the donor shortage in cardiac transplantation. Cardiomyocyte (CM) transplantation, however, has been relatively inefficient in restoring cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) due to low engraftment of transplanted CM. In order
Linqiang Zhang et al.
Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology, 11(3), 697-724 (2020-10-20)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a severe liver disorder worldwide. Autophagy plays a critical role in liver steatosis. However, the role of autophagy in NAFLD remains exclusive and under debate. In this study, we investigated the role of
Simon Kaja et al.
Experimental eye research, 138, 159-166 (2015-06-07)
Optic nerve head astrocytes (ONHAs) are the major glia cell type in the non-myelinated optic nerve head where they contribute critically to extracellular matrix synthesis during development and throughout life. In glaucoma, and in related disorders affecting the optic nerve
Xudong Sun et al.
Journal of dairy science, 103(9), 8388-8397 (2020-07-06)
Exogenous molecules derived from catabolic states (e.g., fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate) during periods of stress such as the periparturient period or pathogen challenges [e.g., lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] can trigger an inflammatory response in tissues such as the liver and the mammary gland.
Kohei Sasaki et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0121205-e0121205 (2015-03-21)
It is generally accepted that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) has the potential for use as a vaccination against flu. In this study, we demonstrated the nature of an influenza A virus (IAV) mutant induced by treating the IAV with
Xiangxun Chen et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 15, 171-183 (2021-01-21)
Sodium cantharidinate (SC) has been broadly applied in lung cancer treatment in China, while its specific function in cervical cancer (CC), a great contributor to death of female reproductive system cancers, remains unclear. Our research evaluated the anti-tumor effects of
Teng-Yun Wu et al.
Journal of psychiatric research, 64, 99-106 (2015-03-22)
Depression disorder is a common mental illness, of which the pathogenesis is not well understood. Studies suggest that immunity imbalance and up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines may be associated with the pathogenesis of depression. High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) has
Jehn-Chuan Lee et al.
Cancer letters, 360(2), 310-318 (2015-02-28)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a well-known malignancy that accounts for the majority of oral cancers. B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is an important regulator of cell cycle dynamics in cancer cells. However, the role of BTG2 in OSCC
Chun-Lan Xie et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 11, 636948-636948 (2021-02-09)
Two new (1-2) and three known (3-5) sorbicillinoids were isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungus Penicillium allii-sativi MCCC 3A00580. Compounds 1 and 2, named sorbicatechols C and D, were two new hybrid dihydrosorbillinoids. Their structures were established mainly by spectroscopic analyses
Javad Baharara et al.
Avicenna journal of medical biotechnology, 7(4), 151-158 (2015-11-26)
Anti-cancer potential of marine natural products such as polysaccharides represented therapeutic potential in oncological researches. In this study, total polysaccharide from brittle star [Ophiocoma erinaceus (O. erinaceus)] was extracted and chemopreventive efficacy of Persian Gulf brittle star polysaccharide was investigated
Subhashree P Dash et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 144, 1-12 (2015-01-13)
Three dioxidovanadium(V) complexes [VO2L(1-3)] (1-3) [HL(1)=1-napthoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine, HL(2)=2-furoyl hydrazone of 2-acetyl pyridine and H2L(3)=isonicotinoyl hydrazone of 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde] have been reported. All the complexes were characterized by various spectroscopy (IR, UV-visible and NMR) and the molecular structures
Joshua J Smith et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(3), 471-482 (2008-01-08)
Newly synthesized histones are acetylated prior to their deposition into nucleosomes. Following nucleosome formation and positioning, they are rapidly deacetylated, an event that coincides with further maturation of the chromatin fiber. The histone deacetylases (HDACs) used for histone deposition and
Anneleen Steels et al.
mAbs, 10(7), 1045-1059 (2018-08-17)
The tumor suppressor p53 is of crucial importance in the prevention of cellular transformation. In the presence of cellular stress signals, the negative feedback loop between p53 and Mdm2, its main negative regulator, is disrupted, which results in the activation
Jeong-Seok Choi et al.
Biomaterials, 40, 98-106 (2014-12-01)
A biomaterial derived from porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) was used in smart drug delivery and tissue remodeling. SIS suspensions were easily formulated by simple mixing with the drug of choice and formed an in situ gel upon injection into
Wiktor A Janczewski et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(13), 5454-5465 (2013-03-29)
Postsynaptic inhibition is a key element of neural circuits underlying behavior, with 20-50% of all mammalian (nongranule) neurons considered inhibitory. For rhythmic movements in mammals, e.g., walking, swimming, suckling, chewing, and breathing, inhibition is often hypothesized to play an essential
Kamini Kunasegaran et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110191-e110191 (2014-10-25)
The transcriptional repressor Tbx3 is involved in lineage specification in several tissues during embryonic development. Germ-line mutations in the Tbx3 gene give rise to Ulnar-Mammary Syndrome (comprising reduced breast development) and Tbx3 is required for mammary epithelial cell identity in
Melika Parchehbaf-Kashani et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 109, 110603-110603 (2020-04-02)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major cause of mortality worldwide. Accessibility to heart tissue is limited due to sampling issues and lack of appropriate culture conditions. In addition, animal models are not an ideal choice for physiological, pharmacological, and fundamental
Zhaolong Li et al.
Journal of virology, 94(21) (2020-08-17)
Guanylate binding protein 5 (GBP5) belongs to the GTPase subfamily, which is mainly induced by interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and is involved in many important cellular processes, including inflammasome activation and innate immunity against a wide variety of microbial pathogens. However
Haitao Yu et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 280(3), 502-510 (2014-09-10)
Ahr activation is known to be associated with synovitis and exacerbated rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but its contributions to bone loss have not been completely elucidated. Osteoblast proliferation and differentiation are abnormal at the erosion site in RA. Here, we reported
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