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Joshua E Lewis et al.
Cell systems, 12(1), 68-81 (2021-01-22)
Redox cofactor production is integral toward antioxidant generation, clearance of reactive oxygen species, and overall tumor response to ionizing radiation treatment. To identify systems-level alterations in redox metabolism that confer resistance to radiation therapy, we developed a bioinformatics pipeline for
Luis Antonio Rodriguez Carnero et al.
STAR protocols, 2(4), 100936-100936 (2021-11-23)
This protocol describes the genomic phage (gPhage) display platform, a large-scale antigen and epitope mapping technique. We constructed a gPhage display peptide library of a eukaryotic organism, Trypanosoma cruzi (causative agent of Chagas disease), to map the antibody response landscape
Elizabeth Spiegler et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 8834-8834 (2018-06-13)
Vitamin A deficiency is still a public health concern affecting millions of pregnant women and children. Retinoic acid, the active form of vitamin A, is critical for proper mammalian embryonic development. Embryos can generate retinoic acid from maternal circulating β-carotene
Yujin E Kim et al.
Nature protocols, 5(8), 1396-1405 (2010-07-31)
Applications for noninvasive real-time imaging of apoptosis and neuronal degeneration are hindered by technical limitations in imaging strategies and by existing probes. Monitoring the progression of a cell through apoptosis could provide valuable insight into the temporal events that initiate
Q Chu et al.
Cell proliferation, 46(3), 254-262 (2013-05-23)
Human CAP10-like protein 46 kDa (hCLP46), also known as Poglut1, has been shown to be an essential regulator of Notch signalling. hCLP46 is overexpressed in primary acute myelogenous leukaemia, T-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia samples and other leukaemia cell lines. However, effects
Lena Behrmann et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(7), e2222-e2222 (2017-04-05)
CRISPR-Cas9 based knockout strategies are increasingly used to analyze gene function. However, redundancies and overlapping functions in biological signaling pathways can call for generating multi-gene knockout cells, which remains a relatively laborious process. Here we detail the application of multi-color
Giel Vandemoortele et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(7), e2211-e2211 (2017-04-05)
The programmable Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-associated nuclease 9 (Cas9) technology revolutionized genome editing by providing an efficient way to cut the genome at a desired location (Ledford, 2015). In mammalian cells, DNA lesions trigger the error-prone non-homologous
Peter Schuff-Werner et al.
British journal of haematology, 162(5), 684-692 (2013-07-03)
Pseudothrombocytopenia remains a challenge in the haematological laboratory. The pre-analytical problem that platelets tend to easily aggregate in vitro, giving rise to lower platelet counts, has been known since ethylenediamine-tetra acetic acid EDTA and automated platelet counting procedures were introduced
Davor Ivankovic et al.
Autophagy, 16(3), 391-407 (2019-05-31)
Adaptor protein (AP) complexes mediate key sorting decisions in the cell through selective incorporation of transmembrane proteins into vesicles. Little is known of the roles of AP-4, despite its loss of function leading to a severe early onset neurological disorder
Gastón A Pizzio et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(5), e2170-e2170 (2017-03-05)
Proper spatiotemporal regulation of protein phosphorylation in cells and tissues is required for normal development and homeostasis. We present the protocol 'In Gel Kinase Assay', which is useful for protein kinase activity measurements from crude protein extracts. We have successfully
Ana Rita Pereira et al.
Materials (Basel, Switzerland), 14(16) (2021-08-28)
In bone tissue engineering, the design of in vitro models able to recreate both the chemical composition, the structural architecture, and the overall mechanical environment of the native tissue is still often neglected. In this study, we apply a bioreactor
Julian M Carosi et al.
Bio-protocol, 9(18), e3362-e3362 (2019-09-20)
The enrichment of lysosomes is a useful way to study their structure and function. These dynamic vesicles can be enriched from cell cultures in a variety of ways including immunoprecipitation and fluorescence-activated organelle sorting. These methods are extremely precise but
Andrew J Dalley et al.
Cancer medicine, 3(2), 273-283 (2014-01-15)
Early diagnosis is vital for effective treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The optimal time for clinical intervention is prior to malignancy when patients present with oral potentially malignant lesions such as leukoplakia or erythroplakia. Transformation rates for oral
Cheng-Chung Liu et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 178, 97-101 (2013-04-03)
Soil washing using a strong chelating agent is a common practice for restoring contaminated soils, but significant soil fertility degradation and high operation costs are the major disadvantages. Washing soil with a dissolved organic matter (DOM) solution has been identified
G Lima-Oliveira et al.
British journal of biomedical science, 70(1), 6-9 (2013-04-27)
This study assesses the use of different dry K2 (dipotassium) EDTA vacuum tubes and whether or not they might represent a bias in haematological testing. Blood was collected in three dipotassium EDTA vacuum tubes from different manufacturers: Venosafe, Vacuette and
Snigdha Shaw et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 3458-3458 (2020-02-28)
The underlying mechanism regulating hypoxia induced alteration in female steroid hormones is first time explored in this study. To understand the mechanistic approach, female Sprague- Dawley rats were exposed to acute and chronic hypobaric hypoxia (282 mm-Hg, ~7620 m, 6 hours, 3 and
Nils Rother et al.
Cell reports. Medicine, 1(9), 100146-100146 (2020-12-31)
Hydroxychloroquine is being investigated for a potential prophylactic effect in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. Circulating leukocytes from the blood of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients show increased responses
Kathryn A Solka et al.
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society, 64(11), 647-668 (2016-09-30)
Lubricin is a secreted, mucin-like glycoprotein and proteoglycan abundant in synovial fluid that provides boundary lubrication and prevents cell adhesion in synovial joints. The antilubricin S6.79 monoclonal antibody recognizes an O-linked glycopeptide epitope in lubricin's mucin domain. The central, long
Xiang Wu et al.
BMC microbiology, 11, 87-87 (2011-04-30)
The periplasmic High Temperature Requirement protein A (HtrA) plays important roles in bacterial protein folding and stress responses. However, the role of chlamydial HtrA (cHtrA) in chlamydial pathogenesis is not clear. The cHtrA was detected both inside and outside the
Ivana Savic Azoulay et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 153(2), 203-215 (2020-01-25)
Acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) is well-known to play a major pathophysiological role during brain ischemia linked to acute acidosis of ~pH 6, whereas its function during physiological brain activity, linked to much milder pH changes, is still poorly understood.
Sylvie Delcambre et al.
Frontiers in neurology, 11, 881-881 (2020-09-29)
Several mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase-2 (LRRK2) have been associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). The most common substitution, G2019S, interferes with LRRK2 kinase activity, which is regulated by autophosphorylation. Yet, the penetrance of this gain-of-function mutation is incomplete, and thus
Katja Stare et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(14), e3692-e3692 (2021-03-05)
Potato virus Y (PVY), the type member of the genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae), is the most widespread virus affecting potato and is included in the top five most economically detrimental plant viruses. Recently, the structure of the PVY virion has
Kazi Mirajul Hoque et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2767-2767 (2020-06-04)
The pathophysiological nature of the common ABCG2 gout and hyperuricemia associated variant Q141K (rs2231142) remains undefined. Here, we use a human interventional cohort study (ACTRN12615001302549) to understand the physiological role of ABCG2 and find that participants with the Q141K ABCG2
Jessica Elswood et al.
Autophagy, 17(2), 420-438 (2020-01-28)
Mitochondria operate as a central hub for many metabolic processes by sensing and responding to the cellular environment. Developmental cues from the environment have been implicated in selective autophagy, or mitophagy, of mitochondria during cell differentiation and tissue development. Mitophagy
Jamie L McCall et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 720635-720635 (2022-01-29)
Prenatal cadmium (Cd) exposure leads to immunotoxic phenotypes in the offspring affecting coding and non-coding genes. Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are integral to T cell regulation. Here, we investigated the role of long non-coding RNA
Valentina Ferretti et al.
Current biology : CB, 29(12), 1938-1953 (2019-06-11)
Recognition of other's emotions influences the way social animals interact and adapt to the environment. The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) has been implicated in different aspects of emotion processing. However, the role of endogenous OXT brain pathways in the social response
Azumi Hirata et al.
BMC biotechnology, 13, 19-19 (2013-03-02)
Tk-SP is a member of subtilisin-like serine proteases from a hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis. It has been known that the hyper-stable protease, Tk-SP, could exhibit enzymatic activity even at high temperature and in the presence of chemical denaturants. In this
Zhoumeng Lin et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 141(1), 90-102 (2014-06-11)
Atrazine (ATR) is one of the most frequently detected pesticides in the U.S. water supply. This study aimed to investigate neurobehavioral and neurochemical effects of ATR in C57BL/6 mouse offspring and dams exposed to a relatively low (3 mg/l, estimated
Yumiko Hirokawa et al.
Communications biology, 4(1), 1067-1067 (2021-09-15)
Cell embedment into a solid support matrix is considered essential for the culture of intestinal epithelial organoids and tumoroids, but this technique presents challenges that impede scalable culture expansion, experimental manipulation, high-throughput screening and diagnostic applications. We have developed a
Sebastian Herzog
Bio-protocol, 8(8), e2820-e2820 (2018-04-20)
This protocol describes the generation and functional validation of microRNA (miRNA) sponge or decoy constructs. When expressed from a strong promoter, these transcripts can sequester specific miRNA:RISC complexes, thereby resulting in a derepression of endogenous target mRNA. Hence, cells expressing
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