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Brian T Nasipak et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7441-7441 (2015-06-18)
Calcium signalling is important for differentiation-dependent gene expression, but is also involved in other cellular functions. Therefore, mechanisms must exist to distinguish calcium signalling relevant to differentiation. Calcineurin is a calcium-regulated phosphatase that is required for myogenic gene expression and...
Lokman Varisli et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(1), 170-178 (2014-08-30)
Previously, it has been reported that HN1 is involved in cytoplasmic retention and degradation of androgen receptor in an AKT dependent manner. As HN1 is a hormone inducible gene, and has been shown that it is upregulated in various cancers...
Fareeha Ambreen et al.
Molecular vision, 21, 985-999 (2015-09-04)
To study the association of serum levels of inflammatory mediators and angiogenic factors with genetic polymorphism in Pakistani age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients. This was a cross-sectional and case-control study that included 90 AMD patients diagnosed through slit-lamp examination, fundoscopy...
Xiaohu Xia et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9994-10004 (2015-09-04)
Peroxidase mimics with dimensions on the nanoscale have received great interest as emerging artificial enzymes for biomedicine and environmental protection. While a variety of peroxidase mimics have been actively developed recently, limited progress has been made toward improving their catalytic...
Cecilia Augustsson et al.
Thrombosis research, 134(1), 132-137 (2014-05-03)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is present in plasma as full-length free TFPI (TFPIα) and as C-terminally degraded forms mainly associated with low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL-TFPI). Addition of TFPIα to plasma induces a prolongation of the clotting time when tested...
A D Christensen et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 179(3), 485-499 (2014-10-11)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs ) are known to play an immunosuppressive role in the response of contact hypersensitivity (CHS), but neither the dynamics of Tregs during the CHS response nor the exaggerated inflammatory response after depletion of Tregs has been...
Valérie Conway et al.
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 91(6), 261-267 (2014-10-11)
Evidences suggest that omega-3 fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) metabolism is imbalanced in apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 isoform carriers (APOE4). This study aimed to investigate APOE genotype-dependant modulation of FA profiles, protein and enzyme important to fatty acid (FA) metabolism in...
Hao Chen et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109154-e109154 (2014-10-08)
Most inhibitors of Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) target its ATP-binding pocket. It is difficult, however, to use this pocket to design very specific inhibitors because this catalytic pocket is highly conserved in the protein family of CDKs. Here we report...
Aljona Saleh et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 104, 1-11 (2014-12-03)
MTH1 is a protein that is required for cancer cell survival and is overexpressed in cancer cells. TH588 and TH287 are two new compounds that inhibit the MTH1 protein. The inhibitors were tested in pharmacokinetic studies on mice. A bioanalytical...
Irene Gallina et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6533-6533 (2015-03-31)
DNA replication stress is a source of genomic instability. Here we identify changed mutation rate 1 (Cmr1) as a factor involved in the response to DNA replication stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and show that Cmr1--together with Mrc1/Claspin, Pph3, the chaperonin...
Christina Gosmann et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(5), 2248-2257 (2014-07-27)
Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) causes epithelial hyperplasia that can progress to cancer and is thought to depend on immunosuppressive mechanisms that prevent viral clearance by the host. IL-17 is a cytokine with diverse functions in host defense...
Ghazal Heidari-Hamedani et al.
Cellular signalling, 27(10), 2054-2067 (2015-07-27)
Syndecan-1 is a proteoglycan that acts as co-receptor through its heparan sulfate (HS) chains and plays important roles in cancer. HS chains are highly variable in length and sulfation pattern. This variability is enhanced by the SULF1/2 enzymes, which remove...
Yunxiao Zhao et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 438, 396-400 (2014-10-01)
Autoantibodies against platelet glycoproteins (GPs) play an important role in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This study was to develop an improved flow cytometric immunobead array (FCIA) assay to detect platelet autoantibodies in ITP patient plasma. Plasma samples were isolated from...
Xiaoya Wang et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 16, 81-93 (2015-02-03)
Elastin, a main component of decellularized extracellular matrices and elastin-containing materials, has been used for tissue engineering applications due to their excellent biocompatibility. However, elastin is easily calcified, leading to the decrease of life span for elastin-based substitutes. How to...
Andrés Castellanos-Martín et al.
Genome biology, 16, 40-40 (2015-04-09)
An essential question in cancer is why individuals with the same disease have different clinical outcomes. Progress toward a more personalized medicine in cancer patients requires taking into account the underlying heterogeneity at different molecular levels. Here, we present a...
Lucie K Xa et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 307(5), R505-R513 (2014-06-27)
Renin, an aspartyl protease that catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the renin-angiotensin system, is first synthesized as an inactive precursor, prorenin. Prorenin is activated by the proteolytic removal of an amino terminal prosegment in the dense granules of the juxtaglomerular...
Ao Zhang et al.
Oncotarget, 6(13), 11640-11651 (2015-05-12)
Impaired expression of connexins, the gap junction subunits that facilitate direct cell-cell communication, have been implicated in prostate cancer growth. To elucidate the crucial role of connexins in prostate cancer progression, we performed a systematic quantitative RT-PCR screening of connexin...
Yuying Liu et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(2), G177-G186 (2014-05-24)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory disease with evidence of increased production of proinflammatory cytokines in the intestinal mucosa. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (LR17938) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory activities in an experimental model of NEC. Activated effector lymphocyte...
Emmanuel Breard et al.
Vaccine, 33(4), 512-518 (2014-12-17)
Eradication of bluetongue virus is possible, as has been shown in several European countries. New serotypes have emerged, however, for which there are no specific commercial vaccines. This study addressed whether heterologous vaccines would help protect against 2 serotypes. Thirty-seven...
S Weisshaar et al.
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH, 12(11), 1850-1860 (2014-09-12)
Patients with acute coronary syndrome and concomitant atrial fibrillation may require antithrombotic triple therapy but clinical evidence of safety and efficacy is poor. We have therefore studied the combination of different antithrombotic medicines for coagulation activation in an in vivo...
Helen Kaipe et al.
Stem cells and development, 24(12), 1471-1482 (2015-02-07)
Allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are widely used in regenerative medicine, but little is known about their immunogenicity. In this study, we monitored the therapeutic and immunogenic effects of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) from term placentas when used as a...
Seri Jeong et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98284-e98284 (2014-05-30)
Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is known to be implicated in a tumor-driven immune escape mechanism in malignancies. The purpose of this study was to investigate HLA-G polymorphism and expression in breast cancer. HLA-G alleles were determined by direct DNA sequencing...
Olivera Magdenoska et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 487, 17-26 (2015-07-05)
For quantification of intracellular metabolites, mass spectrometry combined with liquid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, or gas chromatography is currently the method of choice, especially when combined with stable isotope-labeled internal standards (SIL-ISs). Due to the difficulties in finding a biological matrix...
Yanrui Yang et al.
Cell research, 25(4), 496-516 (2015-03-17)
Dendritic spines are actin-rich membrane protrusions that are the major sites of excitatory synaptic input in the mammalian brain, and their morphological plasticity provides structural basis for learning and memory. Here we report that endophilin A1, with a well-established role...
Hao-Yang Mi et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 103(5), 960-970 (2014-09-02)
Soft and hard thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and their blends were electrospun to fabricate nanofibrous scaffolds with various properties in order to investigate the substrate property effects on cellular response. The scaffolds were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis...
H G Oliveira Barud et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 128, 41-51 (2015-05-26)
Bacterial cellulose (BC) and silk fibroin (SF) are natural biopolymers successfully applied in tissue engineering and biomedical fields. In this work nanocomposites based on BC and SF were prepared and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray...
Yoshimasa Taniguchi et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 79(10), 1684-1694 (2015-05-23)
The bitter acids in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer, such as α-, β-, and iso-α-acids, are known to affect beer quality and display various physiological effects. However, these compounds readily oxidize, and the effect of the oxides on the...
J T Richeson et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(8), 4089-4097 (2015-10-07)
Growth implant efficacy may be affected when administered to nutritionally stressed calves, whereas the procedure may alter health or the humoral immune response to respiratory vaccination. The study objective was to determine the effect of different administration times (d 0...
Yu Wang et al.
Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.), 22(7), 865-872 (2014-12-30)
Pregnancy outcome is influenced, in part, by the sex of the fetus. Decidual renin messenger RNA (REN) abundance is greater in women carrying a female fetus than a male fetus. Here, we explore whether the sex of the fetus also...
Naoya Murakami et al.
Radiation oncology (London, England), 10, 149-149 (2015-07-23)
The major stress-inducible heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is frequently overexpressed in the cytosol and integrated in the plasma membrane of tumor cells via lipid anchorage. Following stress such as non-lethal irradiation Hsp70 synthesis is up-regulated. Intracellular located Hsp70 is...
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