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Shuzhang Yang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(44), 22229-22236 (2019-10-16)
Fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) is the last enzyme in tyrosine catabolism, and mutations in the FAH gene are associated with hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HT1 or TYRSN1) in humans. In a behavioral screen of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenized mice we identified a mutant
Rosaline Y C Hsu et al.
iScience, 23(5), 101038-101038 (2020-04-29)
Telomeres are maintained by telomerase or in a subset of cancer cells by a homologous recombination (HR)-based mechanism, Alternative Lengthening of Telomeres (ALT). The mechanisms regulating telomere-homeostasis in ALT cells remain unclear. We report that a replication initiator protein, Origin
Hui Li et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 2573-2573 (2018-07-04)
The dynamic maintenance of polar domains in the plasma membrane (PM) is critical for many fundamental processes, e.g., polar cell growth and growth guidance but remains poorly characterized. Rapid tip growth of Arabidopsis pollen tubes requires dynamic distribution of active
Yongfei Yang et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 433-433 (2020-01-25)
Ferroptosis is a newly defined form of regulated cell death characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides. Erastin, the ferroptosis activator, binds to voltage-dependent anion channels VDAC2 and VDCA3, but treatment with erastin can result in the degradation of
Junghwa Choi et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(20) (2020-10-24)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is important for normal development, such as vulval development in Caenorhabditis elegans, and hyperactivation of the EGFR is often associated with cancer development. Our previous report demonstrated the multivulva (Muv) phenotype, a tumor
Ye Dee Tay et al.
Cell reports, 26(6), 1654-1667 (2019-02-07)
NDR/LATS kinases regulate multiple aspects of cell polarity and morphogenesis from yeast to mammals. Fission yeast NDR/LATS kinase Orb6 has been proposed to control cell polarity by regulating the Cdc42 guanine nucleotide exchange factor Gef1. Here, we show that Orb6
Luke T Oostdyk et al.
Methods (San Diego, Calif.), 157, 66-79 (2018-11-13)
The discovery and validation of protein-protein interactions provides a knowledge base that is critical for defining protein networks and how they underpin the biology of the cell. Identification of protein interactions that are highly transient, or sensitive to biochemical disruption
Magdalena M Grabowska et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 28(6), 949-964 (2014-05-08)
Androgen receptor (AR) action throughout prostate development and in maintenance of the prostatic epithelium is partly controlled by interactions between AR and forkhead box (FOX) transcription factors, particularly FOXA1. We sought to identity additional FOXA1 binding partners that may mediate
Chih-Liang Tien et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 142(4), 722-731 (2015-01-27)
Neural crest cells arise from the border of the neural plate and epidermal ectoderm, migrate extensively and differentiate into diverse cell types during vertebrate embryogenesis. Although much has been learnt about growth factor signals and gene regulatory networks that regulate
Kate M Smith et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 3703-3703 (2018-09-14)
Seven human isoforms of importin α mediate nuclear import of cargo in a tissue- and isoform-specific manner. How nuclear import adaptors differentially interact with cargo harbouring the same nuclear localisation signal (NLS) remains poorly understood, as the NLS recognition region is
Qiyu Wang et al.
Journal of cell science, 132(6) (2019-02-16)
Cilia/flagella are structurally conserved and dynamic organelles; their assembly and disassembly are coordinated with the cell cycle and cell differentiation. Several post-translational modifications, including acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation and ubiquitylation, participate in ciliary disassembly. However, the detailed mechanism and the role
Julie N Murphy et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 191(3), 1035-1043 (2008-12-09)
Microbial arsenate respiration can enhance arsenic release from arsenic-bearing minerals--a process that can cause arsenic contamination of water. In Shewanella sp. strain ANA-3, the arsenate respiration genes (arrAB) are induced under anaerobic conditions with arsenate and arsenite. Here we report
M Schmitt et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 22(4), 677-689 (2014-10-11)
Wnt reception at the membrane is complex and not fully understood. CD44 is a major Wnt target gene in the intestine and is essential for Wnt-induced tumor progression in colorectal cancer. Here we show that CD44 acts as a positive
Samie R Jaffrey et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(5), 3199-3204 (2002-02-28)
The specificity of the reactions of nitric oxide (NO) with its neuronal targets is determined in part by the precise localizations of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) within the cell. The targeting of nNOS is mediated by adapter proteins that interact
Ella Katz et al.
Plant physiology, 183(3), 1376-1390 (2020-04-24)
Glucosinolates (GSLs) are sulfur-containing defense metabolites produced in the Brassicales, including the model plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Previous work suggests that specific GSLs may function as signals to provide direct feedback regulation within the plant to calibrate defense and growth.
Qing Zhou et al.
Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 69(6), 1070-1083 (2017-04-26)
Cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by increased myofibrillogenesis. Angiotensin II (Ang-II) is an essential mediator of the pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in part through RhoA/ROCK (small GTPase/Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase) pathway. FHOD3 (formin homology 2 domain containing 3), a cardiac-restricted
Jens C Schmidt et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 191(2), 269-280 (2010-10-13)
During mitosis, kinetochores play multiple roles to generate interactions with microtubules, and direct chromosome congression, biorientation, error correction, and anaphase segregation. However, it is unclear what changes at the kinetochore facilitate these distinct activities. Here, we describe a complex of
Dustin L Johnson et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 190(8), 2972-2980 (2008-02-19)
Chlamydophila pneumoniae is a gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes pneumonia and bronchitis and may contribute to atherosclerosis. The developmental cycle of C. pneumoniae includes a morphological transition from an infectious extracellular elementary body (EB) to a noninfectious intracellular
Yiyu Zhang et al.
Oncotarget, 8(56), 96323-96339 (2017-12-10)
Human Papillomavirus Viruses (HPVs) are associated with the majority of human cervical and anal cancers and 10-30% of head and neck squamous carcinomas. E6 oncoprotein from high risk HPVs interacts with the p53 tumor suppressor protein to facilitate its degradation
Bipin K Pandey et al.
Plant physiology, 174(4), 2316-2332 (2017-06-24)
Phosphorus (P) deficiency limits plant growth and yield. Since plants can absorb only the inorganic form of P (Pi), a large portion of soil P (organic and inorganic P complexes) remains unused. Here, we identified and characterized a PHR2-regulated, novel
S Kaushik et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 445, 227-244 (2008-04-22)
Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is the only type of autophagy in mammalian cells able to selectively degrade cytosolic proteins in lysosomes. CMA is maximally activated in response to stressors such as prolonged starvation, exposure to toxic compounds, or oxidative stress. We
Huijie Zhao et al.
Journal of cell science, 133(13) (2020-06-07)
The Cep63-Cep152 complex located at the mother centriole recruits Plk4 to initiate centriole biogenesis. How the complex is targeted to mother centrioles, however, is unclear. In this study, we show that Cep57 and its paralog, Cep57l1, colocalize with Cep63 and
P G Board et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 275(32), 24798-24806 (2000-04-28)
A new class of glutathione transferases has been discovered by analysis of the expressed sequence tag data base and sequence alignment. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) of the new class, named Omega, exist in several mammalian species and Caenorhabditis elegans. In humans
Xuming Zhang
Cell reports, 27(12), 3672-3683 (2019-06-20)
Activation of Gαq-coupled receptors by inflammatory mediators inhibits cold-sensing TRPM8 channels, aggravating pain and inflammation. Both Gαq and the downstream hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate (PIP2) inhibit TRPM8. Here, I demonstrate that direct Gαq gating is essential for both the
Shun Li et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 1693-1693 (2019-04-14)
Autophagy maintains homeostasis and is induced upon stress. Yet, its mechanistic interaction with oncogenic signaling remains elusive. Here, we show that in BRAFV600E-melanoma, autophagy is induced by BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi), as part of a transcriptional program coordinating lysosome biogenesis/function, mediated
Carola Vogt et al.
Journal of virology, 82(22), 11446-11453 (2008-09-05)
The ML protein of Thogoto virus, a tick-transmitted orthomyxovirus, is a splice variant of the viral matrix protein and antagonizes the induction of antiviral type I interferon (IFN). Here we identified the general RNA polymerase II transcription factor IIB (TFIIB)
Marion Delous et al.
Human molecular genetics, 18(24), 4711-4723 (2009-09-17)
Nephronophthisis (NPH) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by renal fibrosis, tubular basement membrane disruption and corticomedullary cyst formation leading to end-stage renal failure. The disease is caused by mutations in NPHP1-9 genes, which encode the nephrocystins, proteins localized to
Katarina Visacka et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 155(Pt 4), 1226-1240 (2009-04-01)
Mitochondria of eukaryotic organisms contain populations of DNA molecules that are packed into higher-order structures called mitochondrial nucleoids (mt-nucleoids). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the compaction of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) into mt-nucleoids is mediated primarily by the high-mobility group (HMG) box-containing protein
Pablo C Echeverría et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 29(17), 4788-4797 (2009-07-08)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is cytoplasmic in the absence of ligand and localizes to the nucleus after steroid binding. Previous evidence demonstrated that the hsp90-based heterocomplex bound to GR is required for the efficient retrotransport of the receptor to the nuclear
Finaritra Raoelijaona et al.
RNA biology, 15(9), 1174-1180 (2018-09-04)
Ribosome biogenesis requires a variety of trans-acting factors in order to produce functional ribosomal subunits. In human cells, the complex formed by the proteins hNob1 and hPno1 is crucial to the site 3 cleavage occurring at the 3'-end of 18S
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