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Hadas Bar-Joseph et al.
Fertility and sterility, 102(3), 891-898 (2014-07-30)
To determine whether supplementing granulosa cells cultures with pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) can protect them from oxidative stress. We used either granulosa cell line or human primary granulosa cell culture from women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments. University research facilities.
Ying Wang et al.
Fertility and sterility, 102(1), 257-263 (2014-04-22)
To clarify the role and mechanism of interleukin (IL)-25 in regulating the biological functions of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) in human early pregnancy. Laboratory study of the effect of IL-25 induced by hCG on the proliferation of DSCs. Research laboratories.
D R Alessi et al.
Current biology : CB, 7(4), 261-269 (1997-04-01)
Protein kinase B (PKB), also known as c-Akt, is activated rapidly when mammalian cells are stimulated with insulin and growth factors, and much of the current interest in this enzyme stems from the observation that it lies 'downstream' of phosphoinositide
H L Zheng et al.
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme, 46(6), 412-418 (2014-05-09)
Extracellular cysteine (Cys)/cystine (CySS) redox potential (Eh) plays a crucial role in maintaining redox homeostasis and an alteration of redox state occurs in various physiological conditions, including diabetes, cancer, and aging. This study was designed to determine whether a variation
P-W Cheng et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 212(1), 28-38 (2014-07-06)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is abundantly expressed in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In a previous study, we revealed that the induction of nitric oxide (NO) production in the NTS reduces blood pressure (BP). It is well known that both
Datong Zheng et al.
Oncology reports, 32(1), 411-418 (2014-05-09)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a multifunctional β-galactoside-binding protein, is highly expressed and associated with the prognosis of HCC. However, the functions of Gal-3 in HCC cells are not fully
Dov B Ballak et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4711-4711 (2014-09-04)
Cytokines of the IL-1 family are important modulators of obesity-induced inflammation and the development of systemic insulin resistance. Here we show that IL-1 family member IL-37, recently characterized as an anti-inflammatory cytokine, ameliorates obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. Mice transgenic
Keren Goldberg et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 14(12), 2840-2849 (2015-10-10)
Tamoxifen is a cornerstone component of adjuvant endocrine therapy for patients with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. Its significant adverse effects include uterine hyperplasia, polyps, and increased risk of endometrial cancer. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Excessive angiogenesis, a hallmark
Anne Elsner et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 20(24), 7914-7925 (2014-07-01)
To study if three clinically available small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMI), erlotinib, sunitinib and sorafenib, exert antifibrogenic effects on pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) and analyze the basis of their action. Cultured rat PSC were exposed to SMI. Cell proliferation and
Wenjun Yu et al.
Oncology reports, 32(2), 677-683 (2014-06-04)
Cluster of differentiation 166 (CD166) is a cell surface membrane protein, which is regarded as a valuable prognostic marker in several types of epithelial tumors. We previously reported that CD166 exerts its pro-carcinogenic role by enhancing YAP function in liver
Stine Louise Jeppe Knudsen et al.
Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland), 32(5), 155-163 (2014-09-27)
EGF receptor (EGFR) and its signaling have been investigated for many years, but how its different ligands regulate signaling has not been thoroughly explored. When investigating EGFR activation and downstream signaling in HeLa cells using a panel of ligands, we
Jing Hu et al.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 50(13), 2336-2350 (2014-07-09)
Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are important gene regulators that play critical roles in biological processes and function as either tumour suppressors or oncogenes. Therefore, the expression levels of miRNAs can be important and reliable biomarkers for cancer
Yanyan Li et al.
IUBMB life, 66(7), 507-518 (2014-07-06)
The invasion and chemoresistance are crucial causes of morbidity and relapse for cancer patients. Axl is implicated in the modulation of cell invasion, cancer metastasis, and chemosensitivity in human breast carcinoma cell lines. Both breast cancer cell lines and tissues
T J Dionísio et al.
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme, 46(7), 484-489 (2014-04-09)
This study investigated how proteins of the insulin signaling cascade could modulate insulin resistance after dexamethasone (Dexa) treatment and aerobic training. Rats were distributed into 4 groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary+Dexa (SD), trained control (TC), and trained+Dexa (TD), and underwent
Chunyan Zhao et al.
Cancer research, 74(14), 3983-3994 (2014-05-17)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive clinical subtype accounting for up to 20% of all breast cancers, but its malignant determinants remain largely undefined. Here, we show that in TNBC the overexpression of Fra-1, a component of the transcription
Ouardia I Yahiaoui et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 565-565 (2014-08-07)
The phosphoinositide 3- kinase (PI3K) pathway is involved in the growth of various human cancers, including lymphoid malignancies. However its role in the pathogenesis of follicular lymphoma (FL) has not been yet described. To clarify this point, biopsy tissue samples
Águeda González-Rodríguez et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 7(9), 1093-1100 (2014-07-06)
Oxidative stress contributes to the progression of acute liver failure (ALF). Transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) serves as an endogenous regulator by which cells combat oxidative stress. We have investigated liver damage and the balance between death and
Jae Myoung Suh et al.
Nature, 513(7518), 436-439 (2014-07-22)
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) is an autocrine/paracrine regulator whose binding to heparan sulphate proteoglycans effectively precludes its circulation. Although FGF1 is known as a mitogenic factor, FGF1 knockout mice develop insulin resistance when stressed by a high-fat diet, suggesting a
Jie Chen et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 229(11), 1647-1659 (2014-03-13)
Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells participate in cementum formation through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) are involved in inducing EMT. However, their involvement in
Noriyuki Hirata et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 450(1), 891-898 (2014-06-28)
The possibility of the pandemic spread of influenza viruses highlights the need for an effective cure for this life-threatening disease. Influenza A virus, belonging to a family of orthomyxoviruses, is a negative-strand RNA virus which encodes 11 viral proteins. A
Jörn Tongers et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 74, 231-239 (2014-07-11)
The translation of cell-based therapies for ischemic tissue repair remains limited by several factors, including poor cell survival and limited target site retention. Advances in nanotechnology enable the development of specifically designed delivery matrices to address these limitations and thereby
Yoko Shimoda et al.
Endocrinology, 156(10), 3548-3558 (2015-07-23)
Tctex1d2 (Tctex1 domain containing 2) is an open reading frame that encodes for a functionally unknown protein that contains a Tctex1 domain found in dynein light chain family members. Examination of gene expression during adipogenesis demonstrated a marked increase in
Karen Jung et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 328-328 (2014-06-03)
Sox2, a transcription factor and an embryonic stem cell marker, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer (BC). YB-1 is another transcription factor that has been shown to promote stemness in BC cells. Western blotting, quantitative PCR, and
Duangrat Tantikanlayaporn et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 20(8-9), 676-682 (2013-04-06)
Curcuma comosa Roxb. is ginger-family plant used to relieve menopausal symptoms. Previous work showed that C. comosa extracts protect mice from ovariectomy-induced osteopenia with minimal effects on reproductive organs, and identified the diarylheptanoid (3R)-1,7-diphenyl-(4E,6E)-4,6-heptadien-3-ol (DPHD) as the major active component
Andiara E Freitas et al.
Experimental neurology, 333, 113398-113398 (2020-07-14)
We investigated the ability of agmatine to potentiate the antidepressant-like and synaptic effects of ketamine in mice. Agmatine (0.1 and 1 mg/kg, p.o.) and ketamine (1 and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) produced an antidepressant-like effect in the tail suspension test. The combination of
Eun-Young Gil et al.
Breast cancer research and treatment, 147(1), 69-80 (2014-08-12)
ErbB-2 has been implicated as a target for cancer-initiating cells in breast and other cancers. ErbB-2-directed peptide vaccines have been shown to be effective in prevention of spontaneous tumorigenesis of breast in neu transgenic mouse model, and cellular immunity is
Sarah Kraus et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(22) (2020-11-19)
The key participants in G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling are the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades. The mechanisms involved in the activation of the above cascades by GPCRs are not fully elucidated. The prototypical GPCR is the receptor for gonadotropin-releasing
Min Cui et al.
Molecular cancer research : MCR, 12(5), 654-659 (2014-02-01)
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly metastatic tumor type with neuroendocrine features and a dismal prognosis. PTEN mutations and PIK3CA activating mutations have been reported in SCLC but the functional relevance of this pathway is unknown. The PTEN/PIK3CA
Christiane E Koch et al.
Endocrinology, 155(5), 1806-1816 (2014-02-26)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, regulates glucose and lipid metabolism. It is also antiinflammatory. During obesity, adiponectin levels and sensitivity are reduced. Whereas the action of adiponectin in the periphery is well established the neuroendocrine role of adiponectin is largely unknown.
Pei-Chien Tsai et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 41(9), 716-726 (2014-06-10)
Naphtho[1,2-b]furan-4,5-dione (NFD), a bioactive component of Avicennia marina, has been shown to exhibit anticancer activity. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of NFD on hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced cell migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 human
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