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p5585

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Palmitic acid induced vascular endothelial cell apoptosis contributes to the high severity of coronary artery disease in the Uygur population
Jiang H, et al.
Biomedical Research, 28(2), 17339-17361 (2017)
Dandan Zhong et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 49(3), 1163-1179 (2018-09-10)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a series of pathologic changes ranging from steatosis to steatohepatitis, which may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide peptide (GLPP) has therapeutic
Marta Zamarbide et al.
Hippocampus, 24(7), 733-739 (2014-02-20)
GPR40, the free fatty acid receptor 1, is expressed strongly in the primate pancreas and brain. While the role of pancreatic GPR40 in glucose homeostasis has been extensively studied, the absence of this G-protein-coupled receptor from the brain of rodents
Melissa E Smith et al.
The Biochemical journal, 456(3), 427-439 (2013-10-01)
Ceramide is a sphingolipid that serves as an important second messenger in an increasing number of stress-induced pathways. Ceramide has long been known to affect the mitochondria, altering both morphology and physiology. We sought to assess the impact of ceramide
Xiao-Chen Wang et al.
Endocrine, 48(1), 143-151 (2014-04-05)
Insulin resistance is a major feature and pathogenic factor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Theoretically, genetic variation in candidate genes related to insulin resistance may contribute to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The purpose of this study was to identify
E Zamora-Rojas et al.
Meat science, 95(3), 503-511 (2013-06-25)
A handheld micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) based spectrometer working in the near infrared region (NIR) (1600-2400nm) was evaluated for in-situ and non-destructive prediction of main fatty acids in Iberian pig (IP) carcasses. 110 IP carcasses were measured. Performance of the instrument
Chuanzheng Sun et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 35(3), 847-853 (2015-01-22)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a public health issue with a prevalence of 15-30% in Western populations and 6-25% in Asian populations. Certain studies have revealed the alteration of microRNA (miRNA or miR) profiles in NAFLD and
Anthony Tomlinson et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(11), 3805-3815 (2015-10-01)
Polysorbate 20 (PS20), a commonly used surfactant in biopharmaceuticals, showed degradation upon long-term (∼18-36 months) storage of two monoclonal antibody (mAb, mAb-A, and mAb-B) drug products at 2-8 °C. The PS20 degradation resulted in the accumulation of free fatty acids
Sardar Sindhu et al.
Cells, 9(8) (2020-08-06)
Metabolic inflammation is associated with increased expression of saturated free fatty acids, proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and adipose oxidative stress. Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α recruits the inflammatory cells such as monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils in the adipose tissue; however, the mechanisms
Bruno G Teodoro et al.
Journal of pineal research, 57(2), 155-167 (2014-07-02)
Melatonin has a number of beneficial metabolic actions and reduced levels of melatonin may contribute to type 2 diabetes. The present study investigated the metabolic pathways involved in the effects of melatonin on mitochondrial function and insulin resistance in rat
Kanakadurga Singer et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(21), 13250-13262 (2015-04-15)
Women of reproductive age are protected from metabolic disease relative to postmenopausal women and men. Most preclinical rodent studies are skewed toward the use of male mice to study obesity-induced metabolic dysfunction because of a similar protection observed in female
Konstantin N Belosludtsev et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(10), 2600-2606 (2014-07-06)
In the present work, we examine and compare the effects of saturated (palmitic) and unsaturated (oleic) fatty acids in relation to their ability to cause the Ca(2+)-dependent membrane permeabilization. The results obtained can be summarized as follows. (1) Oleic acid
Janos Kerner et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(14), 10223-10234 (2014-02-22)
Rat hearts were perfused with [1,2,3,4-(13)C4]palmitic acid (M+4), and the isotopic patterns of myocardial acylcarnitines and acyl-CoAs were analyzed using ultra-HPLC-MS/MS. The 91.2% (13)C enrichment in palmitoylcarnitine shows that little endogenous (M+0) palmitate contributed to its formation. The presence of
G Hoffmann et al.
Clinical chemistry, 35(4), 587-595 (1989-04-01)
This new method for qualitative and quantitative determination of organic acids, aldehydes, and ketones in biological samples is effective for use with urine, plasma, and amniotic fluid, and it requires no deproteinization. Isolation by batch-wise liquid partition chromatography on silicic
Jean Claude Bakala N'Goma et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(2), 780-791 (2014-12-10)
Mycobacterium abscessus is a pathogenic, rapidly growing mycobacterium involved in pulmonary and cutaneo-mucous infections worldwide, to which cystic fibrosis patients are exquisitely susceptible. The analysis of the genome sequence of M. abscessus showed that this bacterium is endowed with the
Dan Xu et al.
Scandinavian journal of immunology, 92(2), e12896-e12896 (2020-06-20)
Sciatic nerve injury affects quality of life. Many immune cells and inflammatory cytokines have been reported to be involved in sciatic nerve injury, but little is known about the ligands and receptors that trigger inflammatory responses. By using a modified
Liang Li et al.
Journal of dairy science, 96(4), 2003-2010 (2013-03-07)
The influence of fatty acids on the β-oxidation system and thioesterase of Lactococcus lactis was investigated in this study. The results showed that fatty acids (C8:0-C16:0) significantly inhibited the growth of Lactococcus lactis, and laurate (C12:0) had the highest bactericidal
Luke H Chamberlain et al.
Biochemical Society transactions, 41(1), 62-66 (2013-01-30)
Palmitoylation, the attachment of palmitate and other fatty acids on to cysteine residues, is a common post-translational modification of both integral and peripheral membrane proteins. Dynamic palmitoylation controls the intracellular distribution of peripheral membrane proteins by regulating membrane-cytosol exchange and/or
Liliya Vinarova et al.
Food & function, 6(4), 1319-1330 (2015-03-17)
Quillaja saponin extracts are known to reduce plasma cholesterol levels in humans. Here we study the mechanism of this effect with Quillaja Dry saponin extract (QD). In vitro model of triglyceride lipolysis is used to quantify the effect of QD
Sang Youn Hwang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(2), 3323-3334 (2015-02-06)
Chronic intermittent hypoxia, a characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is associated with the progression of simple hepatic steatosis to necroinflammatory hepatitis. We determined whether inhibition of a hypoxia-induced signaling pathway could attenuate hypoxia-exacerbated lipoapoptosis in human hepatocytes. The human
Jinmi Lee et al.
Cell stress & chaperones, 19(5), 649-656 (2014-01-22)
Accumulation of excess hepatic lipids contributes to insulin resistance and liver disease associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Exendin-4 is an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor and plays a role in improving insulin resistance and liver disease by
Tingting Lv et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(18), e3765-e3765 (2021-03-05)
As one of the main energy metabolism organs, kidney has been proved to have high energy requirements and are more inclined to fatty acid metabolism as the main energy source. Long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (LCAD) and beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (beta-HAD), key enzymes
Tetsuhiko Yasuno et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 448(2), 175-181 (2014-05-02)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is an inherited disorder involving β-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids (FAO), which leads to rhabdomyolysis and subsequent acute renal failure. The detailed mechanisms of disease pathogenesis remain unknown; however, the availability of relevant human
Nathalie Nicod et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 26(2), 165-172 (2014-12-04)
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are atheroprotective because of their role in reverse cholesterol transport. The intestine is involved in this process because it synthesizes HDL, removes cholesterol from plasma and excretes it into the lumen. We investigated the role of selected
Jing Li et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(6), 983-987 (2009-06-27)
Two new dihydropyranocoumarins, scuteflorins A (1) and B (2), together with the known compounds decursin (3), chrysin (4), oroxylin A (5), wogonin (6), 5,7-dihydroxy-8,2'-dimethoxyflavone, dihydrochrysin, dihydrooroxylin A, lupenol, scutellaric acid, pomolic acid, ursolic acid, beta-sitosterol, daucosterol, and palmitic acid, were
Lishan Zhou et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 10, 1589-1589 (2020-03-03)
Psoralea corylifolia L. (PC) is a traditional Chinese herb used to treat yang deficiency of the spleen and kidney in pediatric disease. Our previous studies have found that PC can alleviate the liver oxidative stress of juvenile mice with nonalcoholic
Jinmi Lee et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(8), 1041-1048 (2014-06-17)
Hepatokine fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 takes part in the regulation of lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissue. We investigated whether exendin-4 regulates the expression of FGF21 in the liver, and whether the effects of exendin-4 on the
Bhabananda Biswas et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 298, 129-137 (2015-05-30)
Soils contaminated with a mixture of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pose toxic metal stress to native PAH-degrading microorganisms. Adsorbents such as clay and modified clay minerals can bind the metal and reduce its toxicity to microorganisms. However
Thiago M Batista et al.
Cell reports, 26(12), 3429-3443 (2019-03-21)
Regulation of gene expression is an important aspect of insulin action but in vivo is intertwined with changing levels of glucose and counter-regulatory hormones. Here we demonstrate that under euglycemic clamp conditions, physiological levels of insulin regulate interrelated networks of more
Miles Trupp et al.
Journal of Parkinson's disease, 4(3), 549-560 (2014-06-15)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, multi-focal neurodegenerative disease for which there is no effective disease modifying treatment. A critical requirement for designing successful clinical trials is the development of robust and reproducible biomarkers identifying PD in preclinical stages. To
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