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Mark Mapstone et al.
Nature medicine, 20(4), 415-418 (2014-03-13)
Alzheimer's disease causes a progressive dementia that currently affects over 35 million individuals worldwide and is expected to affect 115 million by 2050 (ref. 1). There are no cures or disease-modifying therapies, and this may be due to our inability
Louise Organ et al.
Experimental lung research, 41(3), 115-134 (2014-12-23)
Idiopathic Pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal respiratory disease, characterized by a progressive fibrosis and worsening lung function. While the outcomes of recent clinical trials have resulted in therapies to slow the progression of the disease, there is still a
Xiaoying Koh-Stenta et al.
The Biochemical journal, 461(2), 323-334 (2014-05-03)
PRDM proteins have emerged as important regulators of disease and developmental processes. To gain insight into the mechanistic actions of the PRDM family, we have performed comprehensive characterization of a prototype member protein, the histone methyltransferase PRDM9, using biochemical, biophysical
M Umashankara et al.
Chimia, 66(12), 936-940 (2013-02-12)
Collagen is a major structural protein found in the connective tissues of higher organisms and mammals and its biomechanical properties are related to the high thermal stability of its triple helical structure. The primary structure of collagen is composed of
Maritta Küspert et al.
RNA (New York, N.Y.), 21(7), 1294-1305 (2015-05-24)
mRNAs are key molecules in gene expression and subject to diverse regulatory events. Regulation is accomplished by distinct sets of trans-acting factors that interact with mRNAs and form defined mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs). The resulting "mRNP code" determines the fate of
Lu Zhang et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(3), 431-440 (2014-11-12)
The oxidation of l-proline to glutamate in Gram-negative bacteria is catalyzed by the proline utilization A (PutA) flavoenzyme, which contains proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) and Δ(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) dehydrogenase domains in a single polypeptide. Previous studies have suggested that aside from providing
Nopporn Sawatjui et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 52, 90-96 (2015-05-09)
Tissue engineering is becoming promising for cartilage repair due to the limited self-repair capacity of cartilage tissue. We previously fabricated and characterized a three-dimensional silk fibroin/gelatin-chondroitin sulfate-hyaluronic acid (SF-GCH) scaffold and showed that it could promote proliferation of human bone
Simona Conti et al.
Biochemistry, 53(27), 4381-4392 (2014-06-20)
Aggregation of transthyretin (TTR) is known to be linked to the development of systemic and localized amyloidoses. It also appears that TTR exerts a protective role against aggregation of the Aβ peptide, a process linked to Alzheimer's disease. In vitro
Masato Hosokawa et al.
Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology, 74(2), 158-165 (2015-01-13)
Granulin (GRN) mutations have been identified in familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients with ubiquitin pathology. GRN transcript haploinsufficiency is proposed as a disease mechanism that leads to the loss of functional progranulin (PGRN) protein. Thus, these mutations are strongly involved
Wencai Qi et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 450(2), 1010-1015 (2014-06-28)
It has been established that gamma rays at low doses stimulate the tolerance to salt stress in plants. However, our knowledge regarding the molecular mechanism underlying the enhanced salt tolerance remains limited. In this study, we found that 50-Gy gamma
Tsung-Lin Tsai et al.
The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society, 14(9), 2127-2140 (2014-06-03)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration often causes back pain. Current treatments for disc degeneration, including both surgical and nonsurgical approaches, tend to compromise the disc movement and cannot fully restore functions of the IVD. Instead, cell-based IVD tissue engineering seems promising
Junbo Li et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(5), 643-648 (2014-10-28)
In an HCl medium (pH 1.5), ligustrazine (2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine, TMP) reacted with 12-tungstophosphoric acid (TP) to form a 3 : 1 ion-association complex. As a result, the intensities of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS), second-order scattering (SOS) and frequency doubling scattering (FDS) were
Andreas Herchenhan et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(26), 16440-16450 (2015-05-17)
Lysyl oxidases (LOXs) are a family of copper-dependent oxido-deaminases that can modify the side chain of lysyl residues in collagen and elastin, thereby leading to the spontaneous formation of non-reducible aldehyde-derived interpolypeptide chain cross-links. The consequences of LOX inhibition in
Ying Huo et al.
Cryobiology, 95, 20-28 (2020-07-01)
To evaluate the long-term effects of oocyte cryopreservation on the health of the first filial generation (F1), we used B6D2F1 mice for oocyte collection, in vitro fertilization, and breeding. The female F1 mice born from the offspring of fresh mature
Robert M Stefani et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 25(7-8), 538-553 (2018-09-12)
The synovium envelops the diarthrodial joint and plays a key regulatory role in defining the composition of the synovial fluid through filtration and biosynthesis of critical boundary lubricants. Synovium changes often precede cartilage damage in osteoarthritis. We describe a novel
Marco Scocchi et al.
Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 68(13), 2317-2330 (2011-05-20)
Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides are a group of cationic host defense peptides of vertebrates and invertebrates characterized by a high content of proline residues, often associated with arginine residues in repeated motifs. Those isolated from some mammalian and insect species, although
Jason Cassaday et al.
SLAS technology, 22(2), 195-205 (2016-11-20)
In the triage of hits from a high-throughput screening campaign or during the optimization of a lead compound, it is relatively routine to test compounds at multiple concentrations to determine potency and maximal effect. Additional follow-up experiments, such as agonist
Tina P Dale et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133745-e0133745 (2015-07-22)
Limited options for the treatment of cartilage damage have driven the development of tissue engineered or cell therapy alternatives reliant on ex vivo cell expansion. The study of chondrogenesis in primary cells is difficult due to progressive cellular aging and
Yahui Yan et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 541-541 (2019-02-03)
Despite its known role as a secreted neuroprotectant, much of the mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of producer cells. There, by unknown mechanisms, MANF plays a role in protein folding homeostasis in complex
Ryushi Kawakami et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 93(1), 83-93 (2011-11-18)
Dye-linked L-proline dehydrogenase (ProDH) catalyzes the oxidation of L-proline to ∆(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) in the presence of artificial electron acceptors. The enzyme is known to be widely distributed in bacteria and eukarya, together with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate)-dependent P5C dehydrogenase, and
Shankumar Mooyottu et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 192, 111-116 (2014-12-03)
Clostridium difficile is a pathogen of significant public health concern causing a life-threatening, toxin-mediated enteric disease in humans. The incidence and severity of the disease associated with C. difficile have increased in the US with the emergence of hypervirulent strains
R L Kitchener et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 113(2), 233-247 (2012-04-20)
Prolidase is a multifunctional enzyme that possesses the unique ability to degrade imidodipeptides in which a proline or hydroxyproline residue is located at the C-terminal end. Prolidases have been isolated from archaea and bacteria, where they are thought to participate
Hongwei Jing et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7395-7395 (2015-06-23)
In plants, auxin signalling is initiated by the auxin-promoted interaction between the auxin receptor TIR1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, and the Aux/IAA transcriptional repressors, which are subsequently degraded by the proteasome. Gain-of-function mutations in the highly conserved domain II of
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
Luigi D'Angelo et al.
Cell reports, 35(3), 109002-109002 (2021-04-22)
Complex I (CI) is the largest enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and its defects are the main cause of mitochondrial disease. To understand the mechanisms regulating the extremely intricate biogenesis of this fundamental bioenergetic machine, we analyze the structural
K Kuchta et al.
Die Pharmazie, 68(7), 534-540 (2013-08-09)
Stachydrine ((2S)-1,1-dimethylpyrrolidinium-2-carboxylic acid) may be regarded as an essential active principle of the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. (Leonuri herba, yimucao; Chin.Ph., DAB) which are used in TCM and Kampo for the treatment of various gynaecological and cardiovascular disorders.
Frederic Bringaud et al.
Frontiers in bioscience (Landmark edition), 17, 349-374 (2011-12-29)
Trypanosomatids are a large family of unicellular eukaryotes, many of which are parasites in higher eukaryotes including man. Much of our understanding of metabolism in these organisms has been gained form the study of the human infective representatives (Trypanosoma brucei
Li Zhang et al.
Wei sheng wu xue bao = Acta microbiologica Sinica, 53(2), 136-144 (2013-05-01)
The aim of our study was to find a novel method to evaluate the strain quality of Schizochytrium sp. HX-308. An acclimatized strain and an original strain were cultivated under normal condition. Meanwhile, the same acclimatized strain was cultured under
L Zhang et al.
British journal of anaesthesia, 110 Suppl 1, i82-i91 (2013-04-23)
Isoflurane can increase pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 levels. However, the up-stream mechanism remains unknown. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) promotes the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We examined the effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on the NF-κB signalling pathway and its association
Carlo Camilloni et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(28), 10203-10208 (2014-07-02)
Proline isomerization is a ubiquitous process that plays a key role in the folding of proteins and in the regulation of their functions. Different families of enzymes, known as "peptidyl-prolyl isomerases" (PPIases), catalyze this reaction, which involves the interconversion between
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