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Tamara Zietek et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16831-16831 (2015-11-20)
Intestinal nutrient transport and sensing are of emerging interest in research on obesity and diabetes and as drug targets. Appropriate in vitro models are lacking that allow both, studies on transport processes as well as sensing and subsequent incretin hormone...
Kim L L Habets et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 17, 209-209 (2015-08-14)
Although the role of platelets in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is relatively unexplored, recent studies point towards a contribution of platelets in arthritis. We set out to determine platelet phenotype in RA and studied whether this could be influenced by the...
YuZhen Li et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 20(8), 1026-1032 (2015-06-06)
Postconditioning can reduce ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis by targeting mitochondria. p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) is involved in lethal I/R injury. Here, we hypothesized that postconditioning might inhibit mitochondrial pathway-mediated cardiomyocyte apoptosis by controlling PUMA expression. The cultured neonatal...
Kathleen A Fitzgerald et al.
Biomaterials, 66, 53-66 (2015-07-22)
Prostate cancer bone metastases are a leading cause of cancer-related death in men with current treatments offering only marginally improved rates of survival. Advances in the understanding of the genetic basis of prostate cancer provide the opportunity to develop gene-based...
Sang E Lee et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(9), 2219-2227 (2015-04-17)
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) functions as innate biosensor for proteases and regulates numerous functions of the skin. However, the expression and physiological role of PAR-2 in sebocytes remain to be elucidated. Here, we identified PAR-2 expression in SZ95 sebocytes at both...
Yaíma L Lightfoot et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(7), 881-895 (2015-02-11)
Intestinal immune regulatory signals govern gut homeostasis. Breakdown of such regulatory mechanisms may result in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Lactobacillus acidophilus contains unique surface layer proteins (Slps), including SlpA, SlpB, SlpX, and lipoteichoic acid (LTA), which interact with pattern recognition...
Nina Daschil et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 36(3), 1333-1341 (2015-01-27)
It is well established that L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) are expressed in astroglia. However, their functional role is still speculative, especially under pathologic conditions. We recently showed that the α1 subunit-like immunoreactivity of the CaV1.2 channel is strongly expressed in...
Yan-Fang Tao et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 12, 182-182 (2014-06-26)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the second most common form of leukemia in children. Aberrant DNA methylation patterns are a characteristic feature in various tumors, including AML. Metallothionein III (MT3) is a tumor suppresser reported to show promoter hypermethylated in...
Ashok A Kumar et al.
American journal of hematology, 90(1), 31-36 (2014-09-30)
This paper demonstrates the enrichment of reticulocytes by centrifuging whole blood through aqueous multiphase systems (AMPSs)-immiscible phases of solutions of polymers that form step-gradients in density. The interfaces of an AMPS concentrate cells; this concentration facilitates the extraction of blood...
Harpreet Kaur et al.
Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology, 74(2), 177-185 (2015-01-13)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an aggressive pediatric central nervous system tumor. The poor prognosis of AT/RT warrants identification of novel therapeutic targets and strategies. High-mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is a developmentally important chromatin-modifying protein that positively regulates tumor...
Jing Wang et al.
Journal of vascular surgery, 62(6), 1615-1624 (2014-07-20)
Cathepsin G (CatG) is a serine protease that mediates angiotensin I to angiotensin II (Ang-II) conversion and is highly expressed in human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, it remains untested whether this protease participates in the pathogenesis of AAA. Immunofluorescent...
Frédéric Perros et al.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 65(7), 668-680 (2015-02-14)
Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction plays a central role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), promoting vasoconstriction, smooth muscle proliferation, and inflammation. This study sought to test the hypothesis that nebivolol, a β1-antagonist and β2,3-agonist, may improve PAH and...
Claudia I Chapuy et al.
Transfusion, 55(6 Pt 2), 1545-1554 (2015-03-13)
Daratumumab (DARA), a promising novel therapy for multiple myeloma, is an IgG1κ monoclonal antibody that recognizes CD38 on myeloma cells. During routine compatibility testing, we observed that the plasma of five of five DARA-treated patients demonstrated a positive antibody screen...
Rachel Parke-Houben et al.
Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, 26(2), 107-107 (2015-02-11)
Three-dimensional scaffolds based on inverted colloidal crystals (ICCs) were fabricated from sequentially polymerized interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogels of poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(acrylic acid). This high-strength, high-water-content IPN hydrogel may be suitable for use in an artificial cornea application. Development of...
Akiyoshi Hirata et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(32), 11546-11554 (2014-07-19)
A polyamide containing N-methylpyrrole (Py) and N-methylimidazole (Im), designated PIPA, binds with high affinity and specificity to specific nucleotide sequences in the minor groove of double-helical DNA. Based on a recent report of the synthesis of PIPA for telomere visualization...
Jessica R Newton-Northup et al.
Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging, 16(6), 854-864 (2014-07-09)
Clinical use of most radiolabeled targeting agents has been limited because of the uptake and retention in kidney and/or liver. We hypothesized that bacteriophage (phage) display could be exploited to select for peptide sequences with fast clearance and low kidney...
E Prodromaki et al.
Cellular oncology (Dordrecht), 38(4), 307-317 (2015-08-01)
MicroRNAs are evolutionarily conserved non-coding components of the transcriptome that can post-transcriptionally control gene expression. Altered microRNA expression has been found to be a common feature of several cancers, including lung carcinomas. The biogenesis and maturation of microRNAs is known...
Ghada Bouguerra et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 37(4), 1537-1546 (2015-10-30)
The aldose reductase inhibitor zopolrestat has been shown to either decrease or increase apoptosis, the suicidal death of nucleated cells. Erythrocytes may similarly enter suicidal death or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine...
Yulong Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(5), 1277-1285 (2014-09-06)
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The S-nitrosylation of proteins is involved in the regulation of cardiovascular functions. However, whether homocysteine (Hcy) impairs vascular functions through the inhibition of protein S-nitrosylation in the endothelium remains to be determined. The...
Vítor M Gaspar et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(2), 562-577 (2014-09-05)
Tumor targeting nanomaterials have potential for improving the efficiency of anti-tumoral therapeutics. However, the evaluation of their biological performance remains highly challenging. In this study we describe the synthesis of multifunctional nanoparticles decorated with folic acid-PEG and dual amino acid-modified...
Antonio Abengózar-Vela et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(4), 2709-2719 (2015-06-13)
To determine the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of quercetin (QCT) and/or resveratrol (RES) on human conjunctival (IOBA-NHC) and corneal (HCE) epithelial cell lines. IOBA-NHC and HCE cells were treated with QCT (0.5-25 μM), RES (0.5-50 μM) and a low-dose mixture...
Pedro L J Monteiro et al.
Theriogenology, 84(7), 1215-1224 (2015-08-10)
Three experiments were done to evaluate the effects of progesterone (P4) supplementation starting during metestrus on formation of the CL and on fertility of lactating dairy cows subjected to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) or embryo transfer (ET). In experiment 1...
Panagiotis Bouris et al.
Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology, 43, 42-60 (2015-03-03)
The 17β-estradiol (E2)/estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling pathway is one of the most important pathways in hormone-dependent breast cancer. E2 plays pivotal roles in cancer cell growth, survival, and architecture as well as in gene expression regulatory mechanisms. In this...
Ye Zhao et al.
BMC cell biology, 15, 40-40 (2014-12-01)
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) has been shown to be a major source of myofibroblasts, contributing to kidney fibrosis. However, in vitro study of endothelial cells often relies on culture of isolated primary endothelial cells due to the unavailability of endothelial cell...
Amparo Estepa et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135483-e0135483 (2015-08-14)
Since adaptive features such as memory were discovered in mammalian innate immunity, interest in the immunological status of primitive vertebrates after infections has grown. In this context, we used zebrafish (Danio rerio), a primitive vertebrate species suited to molecular and...
Min Li et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6720-6720 (2015-04-09)
DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) has an important role in maintaining DNA topology by relaxing supercoiled DNA. Here we show that the K391 and K436 residues of TOP1 are SUMOylated by the PIAS1-SRSF1 E3 ligase complex in the chromatin fraction containing...
Aldo Grefhorst et al.
Biology of sex differences, 6, 7-7 (2015-04-14)
In mammals, white adipose tissue (WAT) stores fat and brown adipose tissue (BAT) dissipates fat to produce heat. Several studies showed that females have more active BAT. Members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) families...
Alexandre Albanese et al.
ACS nano, 8(6), 5515-5526 (2014-05-07)
A nanoparticle's physical and chemical properties at the time of cell contact will determine the ensuing cellular response. Aggregation and the formation of a protein corona in the extracellular environment will alter nanoparticle size, shape, and surface properties, giving it...
Tomoya Shibata et al.
Diseases of aquatic organisms, 115(3), 223-232 (2015-08-21)
Herpesviral hematopoietic necrosis caused by goldfish hematopoietic necrosis virus (now identified as cyprinid herpesvirus 2, CyHV-2) has contributed to economic losses in goldfish Carassius auratus culture and is becoming a major obstacle in Prussian carp C. gibelio aquaculture in China....
Kuo-Ching Jan et al.
International journal of food sciences and nutrition, 65(8), 981-988 (2014-08-27)
Sesaminol triglucoside is a major lignin in sesame meal and has a methylenedioxyphenyl group and multiple functions in vivo. As a tetrahydrofurofuran type lignan, sesaminol triglucoside is metabolized to mammalian lignans. This investigation studies the effect of sesaminol triglucoside and...
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