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Federico N Soria et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(8), 3645-3655 (2014-07-19)
During brain ischemia, an excessive release of glutamate triggers neuronal death through the overactivation of NMDA receptors (NMDARs); however, the underlying pathways that alter glutamate homeostasis and whether synaptic or extrasynaptic sites are responsible for excess glutamate remain controversial. Here...
Valery Kh Akparov et al.
The FEBS journal, 282(7), 1214-1224 (2015-01-27)
The crystal structures of carboxypeptidase T (CpT) complexes with phenylalanine and arginine substrate analogs - benzylsuccinic acid and (2-guanidinoethylmercapto)succinic acid - were determined by the molecular replacement method at resolutions of 1.57 Å and 1.62 Å to clarify the broad...
Shalini Iyer et al.
The FEBS journal, 278(22), 4304-4322 (2011-09-16)
The cystine-knot motif, made up of three intertwined disulfide bridges, is a unique feature of several toxins, cyclotides and growth factors, and occurs in a variety of species, including fungi, insects, molluscs and mammals. Growth factor molecules containing the cystine-knot...
Cyril Boulègue et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 10(1), 113-125 (2007-10-27)
Native collagens are molecules that are difficult to handle because of their high tendency towards aggregation and denaturation. It was discovered early on that synthetic collagenous peptides are more amenable to conformational characterization and thus can serve as useful models...
Jie Zhang et al.
The Biochemical journal, 461(3), 497-508 (2014-05-13)
Lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides containing unusual amino acids. As promising alternatives to conventional antibiotics, they have a high potential for alleviating the problem of emergent antibiotic resistance, with possible applications in many industries that have antibacterial demand. Bovicin...
[Cystinosis: from cystine crystals to the cystinosin].
G Pintos
Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia, 23 Suppl 1, 60-70 (2003-04-24)
Martijn J Wilmer et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 299(5), F905-F916 (2010-09-10)
Renal proximal tubules are highly sensitive to ischemic and toxic insults and are affected in diverse genetic disorders, of which nephropathic cystinosis is the most common. The disease is caused by mutations in the CTNS gene, encoding the lysosomal cystine...
Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements, 59(11), 53-58 (2019)
[Antifibrotic treatment].
D von der Beck et al.
Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 139(49), 2523-2525 (2014-11-26)
Luis Moroder et al.
Biopolymers, 80(2-3), 85-97 (2004-12-22)
The large abundance of bioactive single- and multiple-stranded cystine-rich peptides in nature has fostered the development of orthogonal thiol-protection schemes and of efficient chemistries for regioselective disulfide formation in synthetic replica for decades. In parallel to these entirely synthetic strategies...
Wenqi Wu et al.
Urology, 83(4), 732-737 (2014-02-04)
To assess urine composition in Chinese patients with urolithiasis. Five hundred seven Chinese patients with urolithiasis from our center in southern China were included in this study. Analysis of stone composition was performed using infrared spectrometry. From all patients, 24-hour...
Tadayuki Tsujita et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(20), 3800-3816 (2014-08-06)
Liver-specific Nrf1 (NF-E2-p45-related factor 1) knockout mice develop nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. To identify postnatal mechanisms responsible for this phenotype, we generated an inducible liver-specific Nrf1 knockout mouse line using animals harboring an Nrf1(flox) allele and a rat CYP1A1-Cre transgene (Nrf1(flox/flox)::CYP1A1-Cre mice)....
The CARI guidelines. Kidney stones: cystine stones.
Gavin Becker
Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.), 12 Suppl 1, S4-10 (2007-02-24)
Kamran Ahmed et al.
Postgraduate medical journal, 82(974), 799-801 (2006-12-07)
Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder in renal tubular and intestinal transport of dibasic amino acids, which results in increased urinary excretion of cystine, ornithine, lysine and arginine. It affects 1 in 20 000 people and is caused by a...
Peter Baláž et al.
Faraday discussions, 170, 169-179 (2014-11-20)
PbS@cystine nanocrystals were synthesized mechanochemically, with lead acetate and L-cystine being used as the lead and sulfur precursors, respectively. The resulting nanocrystals are 22-34 nm in size, well-faceted and octahedral in shape. Characterization by XRD, FT-IR, NMR, FE-SEM, EDS, TEM...
Simultaneous identification and determination of total content of aminoacids in food supplements-tablets by gas chromatography
Obreshkova DP, et al.
Asian journal of experimental biological sciences, 5, 57-68 (2012)
L M Soghier et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4)(4), CD004869-CD004869 (2006-10-21)
L-cysteine is thought to be a conditionally essential (i.e., essential under certain conditions) amino acid for neonates. It is a precursor of glutathione, an antioxidant that may reduce oxidation injury. The addition of cysteine to parenteral nutrition (PN) allows for...
Young-Mi Go et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 50(4), 495-509 (2010-12-07)
Extracellular thiol/disulfide redox environments are highly regulated in healthy individuals. The major thiol/disulfide redox couple in human plasma is cysteine (Cys) and its disulfide form, cystine (CySS). Oxidation of this redox couple, measured as a more positive steady-state redox potential...
Ana C Ebrecht et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1850(1), 88-96 (2014-10-16)
Giardia lamblia is a pathogen of humans and other vertebrates. The synthesis of glycogen and of structural oligo and polysaccharides critically determine the parasite's capacity for survival and pathogenicity. These characteristics establish that UDP-glucose is a relevant metabolite, as it...
Masa Cemazar et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 10(1), 103-111 (2007-10-27)
Cyclic cystine knot proteins are small but topologically complex molecules that occur naturally in plants and have a wide range of bioactivities that make them interesting from a pharmaceutical perspective. Their remarkable stability is dependent on the correct formation of...
Pegah Saremirad et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1359, 70-75 (2014-08-06)
Chromatographic-based protein refolding techniques have proven to be superior to conventional dilution refolding methods, due to the higher loading concentration and simultaneous purification. Among these techniques, Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) has in particular been demonstrated as an effective method for...
Chie Monma et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 53(3), 859-867 (2015-01-09)
The epidemiological and bacteriological investigations on four foodborne outbreaks caused by a new type of enterotoxin-producing Clostridium perfringens are described. C. perfringens isolated from patients of these outbreaks did not produce any known enterotoxin and did not carry the C....
Hanne Sørup Tastesen et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e112859-e112859 (2014-11-13)
Low-protein and high-protein diets regulate energy metabolism in animals and humans. To evaluate whether different dietary protein sources modulate energy balance when ingested at average levels obesity-prone male C57BL/6J mice were pair-fed high-fat diets (67 energy percent fat, 18 energy...
Yaoqing Diana Liu et al.
Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society, 23(12), 1753-1764 (2014-09-30)
Human IgG2 consists of disulfide-mediated structural isoforms, classified by the number of Fab arms disulfide-linked to the heavy chain hinge. In the IgG2-B isoform, both Fab arms are linked to the hinge region, and in IgG2-A, neither Fab arm are...
Pegah Saremirad et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 147-155 (2014-12-03)
Size exclusion chromatography has been demonstrated as an effective method for refolding a variety of proteins. However, to date process development mainly relies on laboratory experimentation of individual factors. A robust model is essential for high-throughput process screening and optimization...
Quantitative analysis of N-acetylcysteine and its pharmacopeial impurities in a pharmaceutical formulation by liquid chromatography-UV detection-mass spectrometry.
Toussaint B,
Journal of Chromatography A, 896(1-2), 191-199 (2000)
F Rousaud et al.
Archivos espanoles de urologia, 54(9), 989-996 (2002-01-16)
Cystine renal stone is the only clinical consequence of cystinuria, an autosomal recessive hereditary disease that affects an average of 1 out of 7,000 newborns, and whose geographical distribution varies significantly. The diagnosis and treatment of this condition is reviewed...
Luis M Laglera et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 836, 24-33 (2014-07-01)
Thiols are compounds of paramount importance in the cellular metabolism due to their double detoxifying role as radical scavengers and trace metal ligands. However, we have scarce information about their extracellular cycling as limited data are available about their concentration...
G Shanker et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 66(5), 998-1002 (2001-12-18)
Maintenance of appropriate intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels is crucial for cellular defense against oxidative damage. A suggested mechanism of methylmercury (MeHg) neurotoxicity implicates the involvement of oxygen radical formation and a decrease in cellular levels of GSH. Astrocytes play an...
Arisa Higa et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(10), 1839-1849 (2014-03-19)
ATF6α, a membrane-anchored transcription factor from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that modulates the cellular response to stress as an effector of the unfolded-protein response (UPR), is a key player in the development of tumors of different origin. ATF6α activation has...
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