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PHR1560

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Emily E Woodward et al.
Journal of environmental quality, 43(6), 1933-1941 (2015-01-21)
The increase in endocrine-disrupting compounds in the environment has generated research focused on the behavior of these compounds in natural soil and water ecosystems. To understand how estrogens behave in the soil environment as a result of 25+ yr of...
Rikako Takahiro et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 38(1), 58-65 (2015-03-07)
The aim of this study was to characterize the kinetics of metabolite formation of the phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE5) inhibitors sildenafil and tadalafil by CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and CYP3A7 isoforms. The formations of N-desmethyl sildenafil and desmethylene tadalafil were examined using CYP3A...
Julie A Ray et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 970, 102-107 (2014-09-24)
Accurate measurement of aldosterone is important for the standardized testing of primary hyperaldosteronism. Commercial immunoassays show substantial between-method variations resulting in significant clinical consequences. We developed a specific two dimensional (2D)-LC-MS/MS method for measuring aldosterone in human serum and plasma...
Yuru Wang et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(24), 14534-14542 (2014-11-26)
A sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process (SR-AOP) has received increasing application interest for the removal of water/wastewater contaminants. However, limited knowledge is available on its side effects. This study investigated the side effects in terms of the production of total...
Enrico Gerace et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 68-73 (2014-05-23)
The distribution of mephedrone in the body fluids and tissues of a subject found dead after the concomitant intake of cocaine and mephedrone is reported. Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a designer drug of the phenethylamine family that is able to cause...
Susan M Christner et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 100, 199-204 (2014-08-30)
Epothilones are relatively new tubulin-poison anticancer drugs. Iso-fludelone (KOS-1803) is a synthetic third generation epothilone drug discovered at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and currently in phase I clinical trials. We report an LC-MS/MS assay for the sensitive, accurate and...
Da-Hye Kim et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 192, 171-178 (2014-06-24)
Serum and urine samples from 120 children aged 5-13 years from Dae-gu, Korea, were analyzed for 16 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). The total PFC concentrations in the serum were 4.26-29.70 ng/mL, and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS, which was dominant...
João Cleverson Gasparetto et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0118922-e0118922 (2015-03-11)
For decades guaco species have been empirically used for the treatment of respiratory diseases. However, studies have shown that the toxic and therapeutic effects of the main guaco metabolites are dose-dependent, and none clinical study was done to evaluate the...
Liangpo Liu et al.
Journal of separation science, 38(2), 247-253 (2014-11-12)
In this study, a novel method for the analysis of perfluorinated compounds in whole blood has been developed and validated. The method was developed by using a conventional reversed-phase C18 column as a trapping column for the elimination of background...
J-F Li et al.
European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology, 33(10), 1725-1732 (2014-05-09)
Hepatic steatosis affects disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the plasma sphingolipid profile in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and whether there was an association between HCV-related steatosis and plasma sphingolipids. We...
Nan Yang et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(3), 4319-4336 (2015-03-11)
A high-throughput, sensitive and specific LC-ESI-MS/MS method was established for the quantitative determination of GP205, a potent inhibitor of hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease, in rat. The analyte was isolated from 25 μL plasma sample by 96-well LLE. Good linearity...
Sylvain Merel et al.
Chemosphere, 127, 238-245 (2015-03-10)
N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET), the active component of many insect repellents, is among the most frequently detected compounds in aqueous environments with concentrations reported in the ng L(-1) to μg L(-1) range. However, DEET is often detected in blanks and reported concentrations...
Ceinwen A Schreiner et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 70(2 Suppl), S29-S34 (2014-05-24)
Micronucleus and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) tests were performed for vapor condensate of baseline gasoline (BGVC), or gasoline with oxygenates, methyl tert-butyl ether (G/MTBE), ethyl tert butyl ether (G/ETBE), t-amyl methyl ether (G/TAME), diisopropyl ether (G/DIPE), t-butyl alcohol (TBA), or...
I Zabaleta et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1387, 13-23 (2015-02-25)
An analytical method for the simultaneous determination in fish liver and muscle tissue and mussel samples of 14 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), including three perfluoroalkylsulfonates (PFSAs), seven perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), three perfluorophosphonic acids (PFPAs) and perfluorooctanesulfonamide (PFOSA), and 10 potential precursors...
Damayanthi Devineni et al.
Clinical therapeutics, 37(3), 610-628 (2015-02-11)
Canagliflozin is a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Because T2DM is often associated with renal or hepatic impairment, understanding the effects of these comorbid conditions on the pharmacokinetics of canagliflozin, and...
Jérôme Cotton et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(46), 11335-11345 (2014-10-31)
Analytical methods for food control are mainly focused on restricted lists of well-known contaminants. This paper shows that liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-HRMS) associated with the data mining tools developed for metabolomics can address this issue by enabling (i) targeted...
Ping Du et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 967, 28-35 (2014-07-27)
Docetaxel lipid microsphere (DT-LM) is a novel formulation of docetaxel without Tween-80. A sensitive, robust and reproducible ultrafiltration (UF) followed by UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the quantification of unbound docetaxel in human plasma using paclitaxel as IS....
J Scott Boone et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 68-77 (2014-05-06)
A trace analytical method was developed for the determination of seventeen specific perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in environmental and drinking waters. The objectives were to optimize an isotope-dilution method to increase the precision and accuracy of the analysis of the PFCs...
Y G Zhao et al.
Marine pollution bulletin, 83(1), 148-154 (2014-04-30)
Surface sediment and biota were collected from 12 sampling sites - seven along the Pearl River Delta and five along the Hong Kong coastline. Perfluorinated compound (PFC) concentrations were detected using a high-performance-liquid-chromatogram-tandem-mass-spectrometry system. Analytical results indicated that the total...
Juan C Domínguez-Romero et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1361, 34-42 (2014-08-21)
Sample preparation is a critical step in large-scale multiclass analysis such as sport drug testing. Due to the wide heterogeneity of the analytes and the complexity of the matrix, the selection of a correct sample preparation method is essential, looking...
Chang Li et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 75, 8-13 (2014-12-03)
3-monochoropropane-1, 2-diol (3-MCPD) esters from edible oils are considered to be a possible risk factor for adverse effects in human. In the present study, the exposure assessment of 3-MCPD esters to Chinese population was performed. A total of 143 edible...
Cuihua Liu et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(1), 111-119 (2014-04-12)
Terpenoids are major components of carotenoids, limonoids and aromas in citrus fruits, resulting in fruit coloration, bitterness and aroma. In this study the carotenoid, limonoid and volatile profiles of red-flesh Chuhong pummelo (CH) and pale green-flesh Feicui pummelo (FC) were...
Li Zhen Zhang et al.
Food chemistry, 174, 495-501 (2014-12-23)
Commonly consumed foxtail millet varieties Jingu28 and Jingu34 were compared in terms of phytochemical composition, antioxidant property, and antiproliferative activity. The cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) was evaluated based on HepG2 cell cultivation. Antiproliferative properties against HepG2 and MDA cell were...
Qian Luo et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1365, 45-53 (2014-09-27)
When iodide and natural organic matter are present in raw water, the formation of iodo-trihalomethanes (Iodo-THMs), haloacetonitriles (HANs), and halonitromethanes (HNMs) pose a potential health risk because they have been reported to be more toxic than their brominated or chlorinated...
Maha A Hilal et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 52(10), 1186-1192 (2013-12-04)
A sensitive and accurate method for the extraction and quantification of tramadol (T) and its active metabolite, O-desmethyltramadol (ODT) in human plasma with high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection was developed and validated. The analytes were extracted from plasma samples by...
Sylvain Merel et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 282, 75-85 (2014-09-30)
In response to water scarcity, strategies relying on multiple processes to turn wastewater effluent into potable water are being increasingly considered by many cities. In such context, the occurrence of contaminants as well as their fate during treatment processes is...
Igor Otavio Minatel et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(10), 1134-1141 (2014-08-28)
Bioactive components in rice vary depending on the variety and growing condition. Fat-soluble components such as γ-oryzanol, tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotenoids, and fatty acids were analyzed in brown, sugary brown, red, and black rice varieties using established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
Fernando Fernández-Aranda et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104534-e104534 (2014-08-08)
Endocannabinoids and temperament traits have been linked to both physical activity and body mass index (BMI) however no study has explored how these factors interact in females. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to 1) examine differences among distinct...
Cecilia Karlsson et al.
Endocrinology, 156(4), 1237-1241 (2014-12-31)
The individual weight loss response to obesity treatment is diverse. Here we test the hypothesis that the weight loss response to the CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant is influenced by endogenous levels of receptor agonists. We show that baseline anandamide levels...
Suramya Waidyanatha et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 27(10), 1787-1795 (2014-09-26)
The observed toxicity and carcinogenicity of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (DCP) in rodents is thought to be due to the formation of reactive metabolites, epichlorohydrin (ECH) and dichloroacetone (DCA). However, there is no direct evidence for the formation of these metabolites from exposure...
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