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Jason M Correnti et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 306(11), G959-G973 (2014-04-20)
Hepatosteatosis, the ectopic accumulation of lipid in the liver, is one of the earliest clinical signs of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Alcohol-dependent deregulation of liver ceramide levels as well as inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
Sarita Nehra et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 64(4), 375-384 (2014-06-13)
Hypoxia-induced rise in intracellular calcium concentration is a causative agent of apoptosis and oxidative damage in cardiomyocytes. We examined the efficacy of calcium channel blocker amlodipine in preventing hypoxia-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells and restoring oxidative balance. H9c2 cells were
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell
Dan Vershkov et al.
Cell reports, 26(10), 2531-2539 (2019-03-07)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused primarily by a CGG repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene that triggers its transcriptional silencing. In order to investigate the regulatory layers involved in FMR1 inactivation, we tested a collection of chromatin modulators for
Tilak Khanal et al.
Toxicology letters, 237(3), 228-236 (2015-07-08)
We previously reported that NR2E3, an orphan nuclear receptor, plays an important role in maintaining the basal expression of estrogen receptor α (ER) and that the NR2E3 level is highly correlated with the relapse-free survival of breast cancer patients. Here
Jae-Kyo Jeong et al.
Journal of pineal research, 59(1), 24-37 (2015-03-27)
Our previous study suggested that melatonin-mediated neuroprotective effects are related with the activation of autophagy. However, the mechanism of melatonin-mediated autophagic activation in prion-mediated mitochondrial damage is not reported. Alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAchR) is a member of nicotinic acetylcholine
Xueting Liu et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(3), 3944-3950 (2015-05-23)
Deregulation of Roundabout homolog 1 (Robo1) has been demonstrated to be associated with several types of human cancer, including gastric cancer. However, the detailed role of Robo1 and its regulatory mechanism in gastric cancer remain largely unclear. In the current
Chongjiao Li et al.
Nuclear medicine communications, 36(5), 452-460 (2015-01-16)
The aim of this study was to explore the targeting ability and metabolic characteristics of the technetium-99m-labeled single-domain antibody (⁹⁹mTc-sdAb) EG2 targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) through an in-vitro and in-vivo study. The sdAb EG2 was radiolabeled with Tc
Horacio Cardenas et al.
Epigenetics, 9(11), 1461-1472 (2014-12-04)
A key step in the process of metastasis is the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We hypothesized that epigenetic mechanisms play a key role in EMT and to test this hypothesis we analyzed global and gene-specific changes in DNA methylation during TGF-β-induced
Abdulrahman Khazim Al-Asmari et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135814-e0135814 (2015-08-20)
In this study we investigated the anti-cancer effect of Moringa oleifera leaves, bark and seed extracts. When tested against MDA-MB-231 and HCT-8 cancer cell lines, the extracts of leaves and bark showed remarkable anti-cancer properties while surprisingly, seed extracts exhibited
Jung-Chen Su et al.
Oncotarget, 5(13), 4909-4919 (2014-06-24)
Obatoclax is a small molecule which targets the Bcl-2 family, and is to treat leukemia, lymphoma and lung carcinoma. Previously, an obatoclax analogue, SC-2001, was found to disrupt the protein-protein interactions of the Bcl-2 family and also repress Bcl-XL and
Ruiyi Lin et al.
Cell biology international, 39(7), 842-851 (2015-03-12)
As a well-known transcription factor, Homeobox A10 (HOXA10) regulates a large number of downstream target genes, leading to the proper function development of endometrium for embryo implantation. The change of HOXA10 gene expression level can alter the expressions of many
Daisuke Takeda et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e100530-e100530 (2014-07-06)
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the main histological type of oral cancer. Its growth rate and incidence of metastasis to regional lymph nodes is influenced by various factors, including hypoxic conditions. We have previously reported that transcutaneous CO2 induces mitochondrial
Patrizia Pellegatti et al.
PloS one, 3(7), e2599-e2599 (2008-07-10)
There is growing awareness that tumour cells build up a "self-advantageous" microenvironment that reduces effectiveness of anti-tumour immune response. While many different immunosuppressive mechanisms are likely to come into play, recent evidence suggests that extracellular adenosine acting at A2A receptors
Lina Ouyang et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142451-e0142451 (2015-11-07)
Cecropins are the most potent induced peptides to resist invading microorganisms. In the present study, two full length cDNA encoding cecropin2 (Px-cec2) and cecropin3 (Px-cec3) were obtained from P. xylostella by integrated analysis of genome and transcriptome data. qRT-PCR analysis
Xianqin Zhang et al.
Nutrition & metabolism, 12, 48-48 (2015-11-26)
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a ligand-activated transcription factor belonging to the adopted orphan receptor, plays an important role in maintaining health of the liver and intestine. In this study, we identified individual bacterial strains that directly modulated the activation
Ke Shang et al.
Molecular biology reports, 42(8), 1281-1288 (2015-03-31)
This investigation was under taken to explore probable mechanisms and signal pathways involved in cytotoxicity induced by bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Herein, we selected muscle precursor C2C12 myoblasts as representative cells to test effect of calpain inhibitor 3-(4-iodophenyl)-2-mercapto-(Z)-2-propenoic acid (PD150606)
B Torger et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 104, 546-553 (2013-01-29)
In-situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and line shape analysis of the diagnostic spectral region was used to quantify the bound amount and release of the antibiotic streptomycin (STRP) at polyelectrolyte (PEL) multilayers (PEM) of poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) or PEI
Beatrice Mercorelli et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(11), 6615-6626 (2014-08-27)
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate-early 2 (IE2) protein is a multifunctional factor essential for viral replication. IE2 modulates both viral and host gene expression, deregulates cell cycle progression, acts as an immunomodulator, and antagonizes cellular antiviral responses. Based on these
Jyun-Yuan Wang et al.
Marine drugs, 13(3), 1375-1388 (2015-03-19)
Androgens, especially testosterone produced in Leydig cells, play an essential role in development of the male reproductive phenotype and fertility. However, testicular oxidative stress may cause a decline in testosterone production. Many antioxidants have been used as reactive oxygen species
Philipp Malsch et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(30), 9845-9856 (2014-07-25)
Glycoprotein 130 (gp130) is the signal transducing receptor subunit for cytokines of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) family, and it is expressed in a multitude of cell types of the immune and nervous system. IL-6-like cytokines are not only key regulators of
Diana C Rueda et al.
Fitoterapia, 99, 28-34 (2014-09-10)
In a two-microelectrode voltage clamp assay with Xenopus laevis oocytes, a petroleum ether extract (100 μg/mL) of the resin of Boswellia thurifera (Burseraceae) potentiated GABA-induced chloride currents (IGABA) through receptors of the subtype α₁β₂γ₂s by 319.8% ± 79.8%. With the
Anna L Greenshields et al.
Cancer letters, 357(1), 129-140 (2014-12-03)
Piperine, an alkaloid from black pepper, is reported to have anticancer activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of piperine on the growth and motility of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Piperine inhibited the in vitro growth of TNBC
M Zafri Humayun et al.
Mutation research, 749(1-2), 87-91 (2013-08-21)
The aminoglycoside streptomycin binds to ribosomes to promote mistranslation and eventual inhibition of translation. Streptomycin kills bacteria, whereas many other non-aminoglycoside inhibitors of translation do not. Because mistranslation is now known to affect DNA replication, we asked if hydroxyurea, a
Aparecida D Malvezi et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(10), 6157-6164 (2014-08-06)
The intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiologic agent of Chagas disease, a serious disorder that affects millions of people in Latin America. Cell invasion by T. cruzi and its intracellular replication are essential to the parasite's life cycle
Xoan Thi Le et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 37-45 (2015-02-11)
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (BM) is a medicinal plant which has been not only used as a traditional medicine to improve intelligence and memory but also taken as vegetables in Vietnam for a long time. We previously demonstrated that Bacopa
Elisa Panzarini et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105778-e105778 (2014-08-21)
The new concept of Immunogenic Cell Death (ICD), associated with Damage Associated Molecular Patterns (DAMPs) exposure and/or release, is recently becoming very appealing in cancer treatment. In this context, PhotoDynamic Therapy (PDT) can give rise to ICD and to immune
Mateus J Sudano et al.
Reproduction, fertility, and development, 26(8), 1129-1141 (2013-09-13)
In a 2×2 factorial experimental design, embryo development, cryotolerance and global gene expression of Nellore (Bos taurus indicus) and Simmental (Bos taurus taurus) blastocysts produced in vitro (IVP) and in vivo (multiple ovulation derived embryo, MODE) were assessed. Blastocyst production
First needle marrow biopsy to diagnose a systemic illness.
Simion Chiosea et al.
Blood, 120(25), 4910-4910 (2013-02-01)
María J Contreras-Zárate et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 56(1), 188-197 (2014-12-24)
The etiology of Parkinson's disease remains unknown. Mutations in PINK1 have provided an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this pathology. PINK1 and Parkin are important in the dismissal of dysfunctional mitochondria. However, the role of PINK1 in the control
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