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Mingdong Li et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(24), 12130-12137 (2014-11-21)
A fast and accurate assay to determine the absolute concentration of proteins is described based on direct measurement of droplet entrapped oligomer formation in electrospray. Here we demonstrate the approach using electrospray differential mobility analysis (ES-DMA), which can distinguish monomers
Larisa Volceanov et al.
mBio, 5(5), e01802-e01814 (2014-10-09)
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular human pathogen that grows inside a membranous, cytosolic vacuole termed an inclusion. Septins are a group of 13 GTP-binding proteins that assemble into oligomeric complexes and that can form higher-order filaments. We report here
Yuqing Liu et al.
Meat science, 100, 139-144 (2014-12-03)
This study evaluates the effects of pre-rigor temperature control on quality traits of Chinese yellow cattle M. longissimus lumborum (LL). One stepwise chilling (SC) treatment was used on one half-carcass, involved a fast chilling (-11 ± 1 °C;0.5 m/s) for
Smita Joel et al.
ACS chemical biology, 9(7), 1595-1602 (2014-05-21)
Advancements in biotechnology have allowed for the preparation of designer proteins with a wide spectrum of unprecedented chemical and physical properties. A variety of chemical and genetic methods can be employed to tailor the protein's properties, including its stability and
Taichiro Nishikawa et al.
Journal of hepatology, 60(6), 1203-1211 (2014-03-04)
The cause of hepatic failure in the terminal stages of chronic injury is unknown. Cellular metabolic adaptations in response to the microenvironment have been implicated in cellular breakdown. To address the role of energy metabolism in this process we studied
John P Sundberg et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 97(3), 525-528 (2014-12-03)
Alopecia areata (AA), a cell mediated autoimmune disease, is the second most common form of hair loss in humans. While the autoimmune disease is responsible for the underlying pathogenesis, the alopecia phenotype is ultimately due to hair shaft fragility and
Michael J Haydon et al.
Nature, 502(7473), 689-692 (2013-10-25)
Circadian clocks provide a competitive advantage in an environment that is heavily influenced by the rotation of the Earth, by driving daily rhythms in behaviour, physiology and metabolism in bacteria, fungi, plants and animals. Circadian clocks comprise transcription-translation feedback loops
Binbin Yang et al.
Current neurovascular research, 12(1), 63-72 (2015-01-06)
Heat shock protein B8 (HspB8) is a chaperone protein that is highly and constitutively expressed in the brain, cardiac tissue and many other organs. Recently, it has been shown that HspB8 can enhance cardiac function and render cardioprotection. However, the
Eric Dubuis et al.
Pain, 155(11), 2408-2417 (2014-09-25)
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a limb-confined posttraumatic pain syndrome with sympathetic features. The cause is unknown, but the results of a randomized crossover trial on low-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) treatment point to a possible autoimmune mechanism. We tested
Sunil K Khattar et al.
Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics, 11(2), 504-515 (2015-02-20)
The combination of multiple HIV antigens in a vaccine can broaden antiviral immune responses. In this study, we used NDV vaccine strain LaSota to generate rNDV (rLaSota/optGag) expressing human codon optimized p55 Gag protein of HIV-1. We examined the effect
Tao Jiang et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 547-557 (2014-09-10)
Delivering drugs specifically to bone tissue is very challenging due to the architecture and structure of bone tissue. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based nanoparticles (NPs) hold great promise for the delivery of therapeutics to bone tissue. The goal of the present research
Hee-Seong Jang et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 602149-602149 (2014-09-23)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) renders resistance to the kidney. Strong IPC triggers kidney fibrosis, which is involved in angiotensin II (AngII) and its type 1 receptor (AT1R) signaling. Here, we investigated the role of AngII/AT1R signal pathway in
Chris C-S Hsiung et al.
Genome research, 25(2), 213-225 (2014-11-06)
Mitosis entails global alterations to chromosome structure and nuclear architecture, concomitant with transient silencing of transcription. How cells transmit transcriptional states through mitosis remains incompletely understood. While many nuclear factors dissociate from mitotic chromosomes, the observation that certain nuclear factors
Xin Zhang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 835, 29-36 (2014-06-24)
A glassy carbon electrode modified with poly(alizarin red)/electrodeposited graphene (PAR/EGR) composite film was prepared and applied to detect ciprofloxacin (CPFX) in the presence of ascorbic, uric acid and dopamine. The morphology and interface property of PAR/EGR films were examined by
Marina Zaitseva et al.
Journal of virology, 89(6), 3295-3307 (2015-01-16)
Protection from lethality by postchallenge administration of brincidofovir (BCV, CMX001) was studied in normal and immune-deficient (nude, nu/nu) BALB/c mice infected with vaccinia virus (VACV). Whole-body bioluminescence imaging was used to record total fluxes in the nasal cavity, lungs, spleen
Taira Matsuo et al.
MicrobiologyOpen, 2(5), 725-742 (2013-07-31)
Resistance nodulation cell division (RND)-type efflux transporters play the main role in intrinsic resistance to various antimicrobial agents in many gram-negative bacteria. Here, we estimated 12 RND-type efflux transporter genes in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Because VmeAB has already been characterized, we
Ruixue Sun et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1847(2), 248-261 (2014-12-03)
Minor antennae of photosystem (PS) II, located between the PSII core complex and the major antenna (LHCII), are important components for the structural and functional integrity of PSII supercomplexes. In order to study the functional significance of minor antennae in
Chao Zhen et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 280, 1-7 (2015-03-17)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been associated with a history of sub-optimal exposure to ultraviolet light, implicating vitamin D3 as a possible protective agent. We evaluated whether 1,25(OH)2D3 attenuates the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and explored its potential mechanisms.
Sona Balentova et al.
Neurochemical research, 40(3), 501-513 (2014-12-10)
Ionizing radiation induces altered brain tissue homeostasis and can lead to morphological and functional deficits. In this study, adult male Wistar rats received whole-body exposure with fractionated doses of gamma rays (a total dose of 5 Gy) and were investigated
H Shokri
Journal de mycologie medicale, 24(3), 179-184 (2014-04-22)
To investigate the DNA fingerprinting of Candida zeylanoides (C. zeylanoides) strains and the correlation between genotyping and antifungal susceptibility of C. zeylanoides. Paper discs containing nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, Zataria multiflora (Z. multiflora) and Pulicaria gnaphalodes (P. gnaphalodes) essential oils were
Revathi Sekar et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 28(8), 3494-3505 (2014-04-29)
Secretin, a classical gastrointestinal hormone released from S cells in response to acid and dietary lipid, regulates pleiotropic physiological functions, such as exocrine pancreatic secretion and gastric motility. Subsequent to recently proposed revisit on secretin's metabolic effects, we have confirmed
Eric D Berglund et al.
Nature neuroscience, 17(7), 911-913 (2014-06-09)
Whether melanocortin 4 receptors (MC4Rs) in extra-hypothalamic neurons, including cholinergic autonomic pre-ganglionic neurons, are required to control energy and glucose homeostasis is unclear. We found that MC4Rs in sympathetic, but not parasympathetic, pre-ganglionic neurons were required to regulate energy expenditure
Xiao-Yu Zhang et al.
Breeding science, 64(2), 156-163 (2014-07-06)
A two-step method was developed to evaluate potato resistance to black scurf caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Tuber piece inoculum was first conducted in the laboratory, which was also first reported in this study. After inoculation with pathogen discs and culture
Ying Li et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 74, 240-253 (2014-12-17)
Concussive brain injury results in neuronal degeneration, microglial activation and enhanced excitability in the hippocampal dentate gyrus, increasing the risk for epilepsy and memory dysfunction. Endogenous molecules released during injury can activate innate immune responses including toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).
Sven Moller-Tank et al.
Journal of virology, 88(12), 6702-6713 (2014-04-04)
T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 1 (TIM-1) and other TIM family members were recently identified as phosphatidylserine (PtdSer)-mediated virus entry-enhancing receptors (PVEERs). These proteins enhance entry of Ebola virus (EBOV) and other viruses by binding PtdSer on the viral envelope
Y Song et al.
Journal of neuroendocrinology, 27(3), 198-211 (2014-12-23)
Kisspeptin is a neuroendocrine hormone with a critical role in the activation of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurones, which is vital for the onset of puberty in mammals. However, the functions of kisspeptin neurones in non-mammalian vertebrates are not well understood.
Huaqiong Huang et al.
Immunology and cell biology, 93(2), 126-135 (2014-10-01)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection remains a significant global health burden disproportionately affecting infants and leading to long-term lung disease. Interleukin (IL)-17A has been shown to be involved in regulating viral and allergic lung inflammatory responses, which has led to
Ji-Feng Xu et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114627-e114627 (2014-12-17)
The physiological role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteoblast differentiation remains elusive. Exosomal miRNAs isolated from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) culture were profiled using miRNA arrays containing probes for 894 human matured miRNAs. Seventy-nine miRNAs (∼8.84%) could be
Christopher L Lord et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 208(6), 729-744 (2015-03-18)
The eukaryotic nuclear permeability barrier and selective nucleocytoplasmic transport are maintained by nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), large structures composed of ∼ 30 proteins (nucleoporins [Nups]). NPC structure and function are disrupted in aged nondividing metazoan cells, although it is unclear
Erik K Hartmann et al.
BMC pulmonary medicine, 15, 7-7 (2015-04-17)
The lectin-like domain of TNF-α can be mimicked by synthetic TIP peptides and represents an innovative pharmacologic option to treat edematous respiratory failure. TIP inhalation was shown to reduce pulmonary edema and improve gas exchange. In addition to its edema
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