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Nayara Cristina Perez de Albuquerque et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 109, 192-201 (2015-03-18)
Zopiclone (ZO) is a chiral drug that undergoes extensive metabolism to N-desmethylzopiclone (N-Des-ZO) and zopiclone-N-oxide (N-Ox-ZO). Pharmacological studies have shown (S)-N-Des-ZO metabolite presents anxiolytic activity and a patent for this metabolite was requested for anxiety treatment and related disorders. In
Sujittra Chaiyadet et al.
International journal for parasitology, 45(12), 773-781 (2015-07-19)
Liver fluke infection caused by Opisthorchis viverrini remains a major public health problem in many parts of Asia including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia, where there is a strikingly high incidence of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA - hepatic cancer of the
Shodai Kawano et al.
Journal of biochemistry, 158(5), 413-423 (2015-05-17)
Transcriptional co-activator with PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ)-binding motif (TAZ) regulates in cell proliferation and differentiation. In mesenchymal stem cells it promotes osteogenesis and myogenesis, and suppresses adipogenesis. TAZ activators are expected to prevent osteoporosis, obesity and muscle atrophy. TAZ activation induces epithelial-mesenchymal
Judit M Veres et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(49), 16194-16206 (2014-12-05)
Axo-axonic cells (AACs) in cortical regions selectively innervate the axon initial segments (AISs) of principal cells (PCs), where the action potentials are generated. These GABAergic interneurons can alter the activity of PCs, but how the efficacy of spike control correlates
Taylor J Schoberle et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(5), e1004336-e1004336 (2014-05-03)
Secondary metabolites are produced by numerous organisms and can either be beneficial, benign, or harmful to humans. Genes involved in the synthesis and transport of these secondary metabolites are frequently found in gene clusters, which are often coordinately regulated, being
Mohammed Shariful Azam et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 354-354 (2014-08-01)
Chitin-degrading bacterial strains were screened and tested for their ability to degrade shrimp-shell waste (SSW). Among the potential strains, B. cereus EW5 exhibited the highest chitin-degrading ability compared with other strains and produced 24 mg of reducing sugar per gram of
Sibao Yang et al.
FEBS letters, 589(16), 2087-2093 (2015-07-08)
Activating transcription factor 1 (ATF1) may be involved in essential hypertension (EH) by induction of NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1) and radical oxygen species (ROSs) production. Abnormal expression of ATF1 was found in EH in previous microarray analysis. Here we tested
K J Yoshitomi et al.
Letters in applied microbiology, 61(1), 7-12 (2015-03-27)
Conventional detection of Salmonella from foods involves enrichment and isolation on selective media which can significantly lengthen time to result. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of an accelerated plating procedure and the use of rapid
Deborah A Samac et al.
BMC plant biology, 15, 283-283 (2015-12-03)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a widely adapted perennial forage crop that has high biomass production potential. Enhanced cellulose content in alfalfa stems would increase the value of the crop as a bioenergy feedstock. We examined if increased expression of
Tamzin A Blewett et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 164, 23-33 (2015-04-29)
In freshwater, invertebrates nickel (Ni) is considered an ionoregulatory toxicant, but its mechanism of toxicity in marine settings, and how this varies with salinity, is poorly understood. This study investigated Ni accumulation and physiological mechanisms of sub-lethal Ni toxicity in
Xin Zhang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 835, 29-36 (2014-06-24)
A glassy carbon electrode modified with poly(alizarin red)/electrodeposited graphene (PAR/EGR) composite film was prepared and applied to detect ciprofloxacin (CPFX) in the presence of ascorbic, uric acid and dopamine. The morphology and interface property of PAR/EGR films were examined by
Ilaria Fiorentino et al.
Experimental cell research, 330(2), 240-247 (2014-09-24)
Nanoparticle (NPs) delivery systems in vivo promises to overcome many obstacles associated with the administration of drugs, vaccines, plasmid DNA and RNA materials, making the study of their cellular uptake a central issue in nanomedicine. The uptake of NPs may
Takuma Yoshizumi et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4713-4713 (2014-08-21)
Mitochondria contribute to cellular innate immunity against RNA viruses. Mitochondrial-mediated innate immunity is regulated by signalling molecules that are recruited to the mitochondrial membrane, and depends on the mitochondrial inner membrane potential (Δψm). Here we examine the physiological relevance of
Sameh K Wasseff et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 82, 86-98 (2015-06-09)
Oligodendrocyte:oligodendrocyte (O:O) gap junction (GJ) coupling is a widespread and essential feature of the CNS, and is mediated by connexin47 (Cx47) and Cx32. Loss of function mutations affecting Cx47 results in a severe leukodystrophy, Pelizeus-Merzbacher-like disease (also known as Hypomyelinating
V Matafora et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 11(6), 1543-1551 (2015-02-11)
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase α-galactosidase A (α-GalA) that leads to the intra-lysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in various organ systems. As a consequence, a multisystems disorder develops
Mir-Jamal Hosseini et al.
Cell biochemistry and biophysics, 70(1), 367-381 (2014-04-03)
Oxidative damage has been implicated in disorders associated with abnormal copper metabolism and also Cu(2+) overloading states. Besides, mitochondria are one of the most important targets for Cu(2+), an essential redox transition metal, induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, we aimed
Cornelia Klein et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135973-e0135973 (2015-08-20)
We report here the results of experiments designed to identify RNA-binding proteins that might be associated with Trypanosoma brucei polysomes. After some preliminary mass spectrometry of polysomal fractions, we investigated the distributions of selected tagged proteins using sucrose gradients and
Inês Santos Ferreira et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 485(1-2), 171-182 (2015-03-17)
The aim of the present study was to develop novel daptomycin-loaded acrylic microparticles with improved release profiles and antibacterial activity against two clinically relevant methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MSSA and MRSA, respectively). Daptomycin was encapsulated into poly(methyl methacrylate)
Corey Baimel et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(18), 7295-7303 (2015-05-08)
Dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are a key target of addictive drugs, and neuroplasticity in this region may underlie some of the core features of addiction. From the very first exposure, all drugs of abuse induce synaptic
Katarzyna Zamlynska et al.
Carbohydrate research, 409, 25-29 (2015-04-29)
The O-specific polysaccharides of Phyllobacterium trifolii PETP02(T), a microsymbiont of Trifolium pratense, were obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical analyses, mass spectrometry, and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including homonuclear ((1)H,(1)H DQF-COSY, TOCSY, NOESY)
Ruixue Sun et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1847(2), 248-261 (2014-12-03)
Minor antennae of photosystem (PS) II, located between the PSII core complex and the major antenna (LHCII), are important components for the structural and functional integrity of PSII supercomplexes. In order to study the functional significance of minor antennae in
Masanari Takamiya et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117645-e0117645 (2015-02-19)
The cornea is a central component of the camera eye of vertebrates and even slight corneal disturbances severely affect vision. The transcription factor PAX6 is required for normal eye development, namely the proper separation of the lens from the developing
Kihoon Han et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(7), 1813-1823 (2014-11-30)
Silencing of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene and loss of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) cause fragile X syndrome (FXS), a genetic disorder characterized by intellectual disability and autistic behaviors. FMRP is an mRNA-binding protein regulating neuronal
Laëtitia Trapp-Fragnet et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100004-e100004 (2014-06-20)
Marek's disease is one of the most common viral diseases of poultry affecting chicken flocks worldwide. The disease is caused by an alphaherpesvirus, the Marek's disease virus (MDV), and is characterized by the rapid onset of multifocal aggressive T-cell lymphoma
Lourdes M Varela et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 26(4), 327-336 (2015-01-18)
Lipid accumulation in macrophages contributes to atherosclerosis. Within macrophages, lipids are stored in lipid droplets (LDs); perilipin-2 and perilipin-3 are the main LD-associated proteins. Postprandial triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins induce LD accumulation in macrophages. The role of postprandial lipoproteins in perilipin-2
Adam R Brown et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(1), 267-284 (2015-01-06)
During neuronal development synaptic events mediated by GABAA receptors are progressively reduced in their duration, allowing for rapid and precise network function. Here we focused on ventrobasal thalamocortical neurones, which contribute to behaviourally relevant oscillations between thalamus and cortex. We
Hiroki Iwai et al.
Cell transplantation, 23(11), 1451-1464 (2013-09-04)
Transplantation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) promotes functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI); however, few studies have examined the optimal site of NS/PC transplantation in the spinal cord. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal transplantation
María Amparo Asensi-Fabado et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(3), 957-971 (2014-11-28)
Tocopherol cyclase, encoded by the gene SUCROSE EXPORT DEFECTIVE1, catalyses the second step in the synthesis of the antioxidant tocopherol. Depletion of SXD1 activity in maize and potato leaves leads to tocopherol deficiency and a 'sugar export block' phenotype that
Shohei Segawa et al.
Metallomics : integrated biometal science, 7(7), 1067-1077 (2015-04-30)
To elucidate the regulatory mechanism for extracellular zinc in the CNS, we examined the zinc uptake characteristics in mouse astrocytes and microglia. Zinc was taken up into the two cell types time-dependently, and the cell-to-medium concentration (C/M) ratio in the
Kuniaki Nerome et al.
Vaccine, 33(1), 117-125 (2014-12-03)
We successfully established a mass production system for an influenza virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine using a synthetic H5 hemagglutinin (HA) gene codon-optimized for the silkworm. A recombinant baculovirus containing the synthetic gene was inoculated into silkworm pupae. Four days after
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