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Hans Eickhoff et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 223(3), 255-265 (2014-10-03)
Excessive or inadequate glucagon secretion promoting hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis is believed to contribute to hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Currently, metabolic surgery is an accepted treatment for obese patients with type 2 diabetes and has been shown
Shuji Sugiura et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(3), 776-785 (2014-10-15)
Human prolactin-induced protein (PIP) is a major protein found in exocrine fluids such as saliva and sweat. Intriguingly, PIP possesses residues (human PIP (hPIP): PIP (29-63)) that display similarity to the aspartic peptidase candidapepsin. Here, we aimed to determine the
C Gröer et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 100, 393-401 (2014-09-15)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6
Hideo Taniura et al.
Development, growth & differentiation, 57(6), 430-443 (2015-06-04)
The Smc5-Smc6 complex contains a heterodimeric core of two SMC proteins and non-Smc elements (Nse1-6), and plays an important role in DNA repair. We investigated the functional roles of Nse4 and Nse1 in Dictyostelium discoideum. Nse4 and Nse3 expressed as
Niklas Rommel et al.
Addictive behaviors, 50, 182-187 (2015-07-08)
Chronic methamphetamine abuse can lead to multiple health hazards. In particular, the substance is associated with devastating effects on oral health including symptoms such as rampant caries, gingiva inflammation, and xerostomia, whereby the term "Meth Mouth" occurs in the current
Sowmya Purushothaman et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 119(30), 9805-9810 (2015-07-07)
Curvature is a fundamental lipid membrane property that influences many membrane-mediated biological processes and dynamic soft materials. One of the key parameters that determines the energetics of curvature change is the membrane bending rigidity. Understanding the intrinsic effect of pressure
Jinping Cao et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 855-863 (2014-12-04)
The physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus pseudocerasus and Prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. Inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. Glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid
Celine Vanhee et al.
Talanta, 142, 1-10 (2015-05-25)
Recent advances in genomics, recombinant expression technologies and peptide synthesis have led to an increased development of protein and peptide therapeutics. Unfortunately this goes hand in hand with a growing market of counterfeit and illegal biopharmaceuticals, including substances that are
Michael T Lerch et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(19), E2437-E2446 (2015-04-29)
Application of hydrostatic pressure shifts protein conformational equilibria in a direction to reduce the volume of the system. A current view is that the volume reduction is dominated by elimination of voids or cavities in the protein interior via cavity
Ying-Ping Deng et al.
Experimental neurology, 269, 213-223 (2015-04-12)
Hypomyelination is the major cause of neurodevelopmental deficits that are associated with perinatal white matter injury. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are known to exert inhibitory effects on the migration and differentiation of oligodendrocytes (OLs). However, few studies describe the roles
Shihyin Tsai et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 125(8), 2952-2964 (2015-06-30)
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) is a key downstream effector of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) that represses cap-dependent mRNA translation initiation by sequestering the translation initiation factor eIF4E. Reduced mTORC1 signaling is associated with life span extension
Giuseppina Bozzuto et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 51(2), 139-147 (2015-07-15)
Tumour cells utilize different migration strategies to invade surrounding tissues and elude anticancer treatments. It is therefore important to understand the mechanisms underlying migration process, in order to aid the development of therapies aimed at blocking the dissemination of cancer
Sandra Gelhaus et al.
Virology, 464-465, 397-405 (2014-08-13)
The spike protein S of coronaviruses contains a highly conserved cytoplasmic cysteine-rich motif adjacent to the transmembrane region. This motif is palmitoylated in the Betacoronaviruses MHV and SARS-CoV. Here, we demonstrate by metabolic labeling with [(3)H]-palmitic acid that the S
Sabine Ullrich et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(1), 155-164 (2014-11-26)
An experimental technique is presented to determine independently shrinkage and cracking in lyophilized amorphous cakes based on photographic imaging of their top surface. An inverse correlation between cake shrinkage and cracking during freeze-drying is seen. Shrinkage relaxes the drying tension
Sankaralingam Saikolappan et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(1), 51-62 (2014-10-15)
The organic hydroperoxide stress resistance regulator (OhrR) is a MarR type of transcriptional regulator that primarily regulates the expression of organic hydroperoxide reductase (Ohr) in bacteria. In mycobacteria, the genes encoding these proteins exist in only a few species, which
Vinay Khatri et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 139-147 (2014-05-13)
Cellulose fiber sheets impregnated with saccharide capped-ZnO nanoparticles were used as bioactive materials for antibody immobilization. First, ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized in the presence of glucose (monosaccharide), sucrose (disaccharide) as well as alginic acid and starch (polysaccharides). The pine cellulose
York Rudhard et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(7), 2927-2941 (2015-02-24)
Axon degeneration is a programed process that takes place during development, in response to neuronal injury, and as a component of neurodegenerative disease pathology, yet the molecular mechanisms that drive this process remain poorly defined. In this study, we have
Rebecca Klar et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(19), 7600-7615 (2015-05-15)
Of the eight metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor subtypes, only mGlu7 is expressed presynaptically at the Schaffer collateral (SC)-CA1 synapse in the hippocampus in adult animals. Coupled with the inhibitory effects of Group III mGlu receptor agonists on transmission at this
Meisong Dai et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(6), 13065-13083 (2015-06-13)
Through RNA-seq of a mixed fruit sample, fourteen expressed sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) genes have been identified from sand pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai). Comparative phylogenetic analysis of these PpySDHs with those from other plants supported the closest relationship of sand pear
Hoyong Park et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13440-13440 (2015-08-28)
Influenza virus infection is one of common infectious diseases occurring worldwide. The human influenza virus can infect the central nervous system and cause brain dysfunctions affecting cognition and spatial memory. It has been previously shown that infection with the influenza
Sumihiro Koyama et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(5), 678-692 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel electrical retrieval method (ER method) for living sponge-associated microorganisms from marine sponges frozen at -80 °C. A -0.3-V vs. Ag/AgCl constant potential applied for 2 h at 9 °C induced
Lili Huang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(49), 16309-16319 (2014-12-05)
The hypothalamic NPY system plays an important role in regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Different biological actions of NPY are assigned to NPY receptor subtypes. Recent studies demonstrated a close relationship between food intake and growth hormone (GH) secretion;
Christina O'Rourke et al.
Annals of botany, 116(2), 225-236 (2015-06-27)
During evolution, plants have acquired and/or lost diverse sugar residues as cell-wall constituents. Of particular interest are primordial cell-wall features that existed, and in some cases abruptly changed, during the momentous step whereby land-plants arose from charophytic algal ancestors. Polysaccharides
Martín García-Flores et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 1042-1052 (2015-01-15)
In comparison to the exponential increase of genotyping methods, phenotyping strategies are lagging behind in agricultural sciences. Genetic improvement depends upon the abundance of quantitative phenotypic data and the statistical partitioning of variance into environmental, genetic, and random effects. A
Shaowen Wang et al.
Journal of virology, 88(22), 13047-13063 (2014-08-29)
Iridoviruses are nucleocytoplasmic DNA viruses which cause great economic losses in the aquaculture industry but also show significant threat to global biodiversity. However, a lack of host cells has resulted in poor progress in clarifying iridovirus behavior. We investigated the
Estela Santos-Alves et al.
European journal of clinical investigation, 44(7), 668-677 (2014-06-04)
Several strategies have been developed to counteract liver injury as a consequence of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs toxicity. Here, we aimed to determine whether physical exercise results in liver mitochondrial protection against in vitro diclofenac toxicity. Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were
Wen-Jie Bian et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 75(8), 805-822 (2014-11-27)
The morphology of the dendritic tree is critical to neuronal function and neural circuit wiring. Several Wnt family members have been demonstrated to play important roles in dendrite development. However, the Wnt receptors responsible for mediating this process remain largely
Annette Tennstaedt et al.
Biomaterials, 44, 143-154 (2015-01-27)
Human neural stem cells (hNSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of neurological diseases. Considerable progress has been made to induce neural differentiation in the cell culture in vitro and upon transplantation in vivo [2] in order to explore restoration
Mohanan Valiya Veettil et al.
PLoS pathogens, 10(10), e1004389-e1004389 (2014-10-10)
Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with endothelial Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and B-cell proliferative primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), common malignancies seen in immunocompromised HIV-1 infected patients. The progression of these cancers occurs by the proliferation of cells latently
Clémentine Bosch-Bouju et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(48), 15836-15850 (2014-11-28)
Motor thalamus (Mthal) is a key node in the corticobasal ganglia (BG) loop that controls complex, cognitive aspects of movement. In Parkinson's disease (PD), profound alterations in neuronal activity occur in BG nuclei and cortex. Because Mthal is located between
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