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s3929

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Chrisovalantis Papadopoulos et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(4), e1005149-e1005149 (2015-04-16)
Mutations in SPAST, encoding spastin, are the most common cause of autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). HSP is characterized by weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs, owing to progressive retrograde degeneration of the long corticospinal axons. Spastin is
Matthew C Henn et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(8), e002016-e002016 (2015-08-26)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers provide cardioprotection in multiple models. Ion flux at an unidentified mitochondrial K(ATP) channel has been proposed as the mechanism. The renal outer medullary kidney potassium channel subunit, potassium inward rectifying (Kir)1.1, has been implicated as
Marcin Jabłoński et al.
Psychiatria Danubina, 25(4), 371-378 (2013-11-20)
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of DRD2 gene polymorphisms in exon 8 G/A (rs 6276) in the promoter region -141 C Ins/Del (rs1799732) and the influence of ANKK-1 gene Taq-1A polymorphism (rs 1800497) on the
Sona Balentova et al.
Neurochemical research, 40(3), 501-513 (2014-12-10)
Ionizing radiation induces altered brain tissue homeostasis and can lead to morphological and functional deficits. In this study, adult male Wistar rats received whole-body exposure with fractionated doses of gamma rays (a total dose of 5 Gy) and were investigated
Sung-Chul Lim et al.
Oncology reports, 34(3), 1261-1268 (2015-07-03)
Carcinoma cells that have acquired drug resistance often exhibit cross-resistance to various other cytotoxic stimuli. Here, we investigated the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a gastrointestinal tumor-suppressor, on a cisplatin‑resistant SNU601 gastric cancer subline (SNU601/R). While other anticancer drugs, including
Janna M Schurer et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 90(6), 1184-1190 (2014-03-19)
Residents of remote and Indigenous communities might experience higher exposure to some zoonotic parasites than the general North American population. Human sero-surveillance conducted in two Saulteaux communities found 113 volunteers exposed as follows: Trichinella (2.7%), Toxocara canis (4.4%), Echinococcus (4.4%)
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Sen-Lin Ji et al.
International journal of medicinal mushrooms, 17(5), 435-442 (2015-06-18)
This study aimed to improve polysaccharide production by engineering the biosynthetic pathway in Ganoderma lucidum through the overexpression of the homologous UDP glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGP) gene. The effects of UGP gene overexpression on intracellular polysaccharide (IPS) content, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS)
Haopeng Zhang et al.
Hippocampus, 25(11), 1299-1313 (2015-03-06)
Whereas the ionotropic glutamate receptors are the major mediator in glutamatergic transmission, the metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) usually play a modulatory role. Whereas the entorhinal cortex (EC) is an essential structure involved in the generation and propagation of epilepsy, the
J R Shubha et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 166, 220-227 (2015-03-23)
Leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus are consumed in India along with buttermilk (a probiotic source) during pathogen induced diarrhea. This treatment is known to reduce the number of episodes as well as duration of diarrhea. In the background of its ethnobotanical
Michael J Lawrence et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 218(Pt 13), 2124-2135 (2015-05-20)
Relative to the gills, the mechanisms by which the kidney contributes to ammonia and acid-base homeostasis in fish are poorly understood. Goldfish were exposed to a low pH environment (pH 4.0, 48 h), which induced a characteristic metabolic acidosis and an increase
Takashi Watanabe et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(5), 737-751 (2015-09-02)
Microtubules (MTs) play critical roles in various cellular events, including cell migration. End-binding proteins (EBs) accumulate at the ends of growing MTs and regulate MT end dynamics by recruiting other plus end-tracking proteins (+TIPs). However, how EBs contribute to MT
Matthew L Kraushar et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(36), E3815-E3824 (2014-08-27)
Precise spatiotemporal control of mRNA translation machinery is essential to the development of highly complex systems like the neocortex. However, spatiotemporal regulation of translation machinery in the developing neocortex remains poorly understood. Here, we show that an RNA-binding protein, Hu
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Mariana Ramos-Brossier et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1106-1118 (2014-10-12)
Mutations in interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein like 1 (IL1RAPL1) gene have been associated with non-syndromic intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder. This protein interacts with synaptic partners like PSD-95 and PTPδ, regulating the formation and function of excitatory synapses.
Nikita Ikon et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 464(2), 580-585 (2015-07-15)
The concentration and composition of cardiolipin (CL) in mitochondria are altered in age-related heart disease, Barth Syndrome, and other rare genetic disorders, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. To explore whether exogenous CL can be delivered to cells, CL was combined with
Jennifer R Davies et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 42(4), 2105-2113 (2015-06-05)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion or inactivation of paternally expressed imprinted genes on human chromosome 15q11-q13, the most recognised feature of which is hyperphagia. This is thought to arise as a consequence of abnormalities in
Katsuyoshi Fujimoto et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 68(3), 481-487 (2014-02-18)
Seven new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-V, were isolated from the flower buds of Prunus mume, cultivated in Zhejiang province, China. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Moreover, mumeoses C, D, and R, were
César H Yokomizo et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(6), 1167-1175 (2015-04-29)
The effect of four trichlorotelluro-dypnones, named compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4, on the bioenergetics of isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and cells was investigated. In a dose-dependent manner, the studied organotelluranes promoted Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial swelling inhibited by cyclosporine A
Ina Kurth et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34494-34509 (2015-10-16)
Despite recent advances in understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and improvement of treatment techniques, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Compelling evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) may cause tumor
Rayan Khaddaj-Mallat et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(7), 1591-1605 (2014-08-13)
This study was aimed to investigate the role of eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) and 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EpETE) on the regulation of contractile reactivity and nuclear protein expression in 72-h-cultured and TNF-α-treated guinea pig tracheal rings. Tension measurements performed on native
Pragya Komal et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(16), 3513-3532 (2015-05-21)
Protein kinases can modify the function of many proteins including ion channels. However, the role of protein kinase A in modifying nicotinic receptors in the CNS has never been investigated. We showed through whole-cell recordings of layer 1 prefrontal cortical interneurons that
Nageena Zahid et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(13), 5511-5521 (2015-05-16)
Gluconobacter oxydans is an industrially important bacterium owing to its regio- and enantio-selective incomplete oxidation of various sugars, alcohols, and polyols. The complete genome sequence is available, but it is still unknown how the organism adapts to highly osmotic sugar-rich
Wendy L Imlach et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 88(3), 460-468 (2015-06-25)
In the spinal cord and periphery, adenosine inhibits neuronal activity through activation of the adenosine A1 receptor (A1R), resulting in antinociception and highlighting the potential of therapeutically targeting the receptor in the treatment of neuropathic pain. This study investigated the
Xiao-Li Zhang et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(12), 4804-4814 (2015-09-24)
Pathogenic mycobacteria transport virulence factors across their complex cell wall via a type VII secretion system (T7SS)/early secreted antigenic target-6 of kDa secretion system (ESX). ESX conserved component (Ecc) B, a core component of the T7SS architecture, is predicted to
K Urata et al.
Journal of dental research, 94(3), 446-454 (2015-01-13)
Thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity in the injured region is a common complication. Although it is well known clinically that thermal and mechanical sensitivity of the oral mucosa is different from that of the skin, the mechanisms underlying injured pain of
Tuula M Jyske et al.
Planta, 242(3), 613-629 (2015-06-25)
Phloem production and structural development were interlinked with seasonal variation in the primary and secondary metabolites of phloem. Novel microtechniques provided new perspectives on understanding phloem structure and chemistry. To gain new insights into phloem formation in Norway spruce (Picea
Vibe Bach et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(44), 9803-9811 (2015-10-30)
The eating quality of carrots (Daucus carota L.) was investigated to evaluate the impact of cropping systems (one conventional and three organic systems) and growing years (2007, 2008, and 2009) on root size, chemical composition, and sensory quality. The content
Berenice Fernández-Rojas et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 406(1-2), 183-197 (2015-05-15)
The potential of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) to prevent cisplatin (CP)-induced kidney mitochondrial dysfunction was determined in CD-1 male mice. The CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was characterized by ultrastructural abnormalities and by decrease in the following parameters in isolated kidney mitochondria: adenosine diphosphate
Xue-Mei Fu et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(8), 1533-1544 (2014-03-13)
This study examined the role of bone mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) and olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) cografting on neural function and underlying molecular mechanisms in acute stage of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rats. Eighty Sprague-Dawley (SD) female rats were randomly
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