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Xiaohu Xia et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9994-10004 (2015-09-04)
Peroxidase mimics with dimensions on the nanoscale have received great interest as emerging artificial enzymes for biomedicine and environmental protection. While a variety of peroxidase mimics have been actively developed recently, limited progress has been made toward improving their catalytic...
Yan Tang et al.
Nanoscale, 7(14), 6039-6044 (2015-03-15)
A plasmonic nanosensor for lipase activity was developed based on one-pot nanoparticle growth. Tween 80 was selected not only as the substrate for lipase recognition but also as the reducing and stabilizing agent for the sensor fabrication. The different molecular...
Che-Fan Huang et al.
Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society, 21(2), 114-119 (2015-01-06)
Protein oxidation by reactive oxygen species has been associated with aging and neurodegenerative disorders, and histidine is one of the major oxidation targets due to its metal-chelating property and susceptibility to metal-catalyzed oxidation. 2-Oxohistidine, the major product of histidine oxidation...
Smita Joel et al.
ACS chemical biology, 9(7), 1595-1602 (2014-05-21)
Advancements in biotechnology have allowed for the preparation of designer proteins with a wide spectrum of unprecedented chemical and physical properties. A variety of chemical and genetic methods can be employed to tailor the protein's properties, including its stability and...
Xiaonan Sui et al.
Food chemistry, 163, 163-170 (2014-06-11)
The stability of two cyanidin-based anthocyanins from black rice in an aqueous system containing them with a pH range of 2.2-6.0 was investigated at temperatures ranging from 100 to 165°C. Within these pH and temperature ranges, the stability of the...
Taihua Li et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(7), 1106-1111 (2015-02-19)
The pH and surfactant dependencies of the absorption and fluorescence properties of ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEN), the main mycotoxins found as contaminants in foods and feeds, were evaluated. Three surfactants with different ionic properties were investigated, namely sodium...
J-H La et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 26(12), 1730-1742 (2014-10-14)
A low-level inflammation has been hypothesized to mediate visceral hypersensitivity in functional bowel disorders that persist after or even in the absence of gut inflammation. We aimed to test the efficacy of a steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment, and identify local inflammatory...
Sonam Gupta et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 778, 22-36 (2015-03-03)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the neurotoxins 6-hydroxydopamine and lipopolysaccharide on astrocytes. Rat astrocyte C6 cells were treated with different concentration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)/lipopolysaccharides (LPS) for 24 h. Both neurotoxins significantly decreased the viability of...
Mritunjoy Maity et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(46), 31216-31227 (2015-11-10)
An analog of coomassie brilliant blue-R (CBB-R) was recently found to act as an antagonist to ATP-sensitive purinergic receptors (P2X7R) and has potential to be used in medicine. With the aim of understanding its transportation and distribution through blood, in...
Partha Pratim Saha et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 52(8), 763-772 (2014-08-22)
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology have found their way in the fields of pharmacology and medicine. The conjugation of drug to nanoparticles combines the properties of both. In this study, gold nanoparticle (GNP) was conjugated with NKCT1, a cytotoxic protein toxin from...
Jake Chng et al.
mAbs, 7(2), 403-412 (2015-01-27)
Linking the heavy chain (HC) and light chain (LC) genes required for monoclonal antibodies (mAb) production on a single cassette using 2A peptides allows control of LC and HC ratio and reduces non-expressing cells. Four 2A peptides derived from the...
Maria Addolorata Saracino et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 104, 122-129 (2014-12-17)
A new microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) procedure coupled to a high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed for quantitation of catecholamines (i.e. norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine) in innovative biological samples, namely dried plasma and urine spots. Analyses were carried...
Enrico Gerace et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 68-73 (2014-05-23)
The distribution of mephedrone in the body fluids and tissues of a subject found dead after the concomitant intake of cocaine and mephedrone is reported. Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a designer drug of the phenethylamine family that is able to cause...
Jakub Vysloužil et al.
Acta pharmaceutica (Zagreb, Croatia), 64(4), 403-417 (2014-12-23)
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the formulation and process parameters on PLGA microparticles containing a practically insoluble model drug (ibuprofen) prepared by the o/w solvent evaporation method. Multivariate data analysis was used. The...
Ziqing Qian et al.
Biochemistry, 53(24), 4034-4046 (2014-06-05)
Cyclic heptapeptide cyclo(FΦRRRRQ) (cFΦR4, where Φ is l-2-naphthylalanine) was recently found to be efficiently internalized by mammalian cells. In this study, its mechanism of internalization was investigated by perturbing various endocytic events through the introduction of pharmacologic agents and genetic...
Filis Kazazi-Hyseni et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(10), 2844-2856 (2014-05-16)
The aim of this study was the development of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres with controlled porosity, to obtain microspheres that afford continuous release of a macromolecular model compound (blue dextran). PLGA microspheres with a size of around 40 μm and narrow size...
Tyler W Stradleigh et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 523(4), 545-564 (2014-10-07)
Protocols for characterizing cellular phenotypes commonly use chemical fixatives to preserve anatomical features, mechanically stabilize tissue, and stop physiological responses. Formaldehyde, diluted in either phosphate-buffered saline or phosphate buffer, has been widely used in studies of neurons, especially in conjunction...
Chieh-Jui Tsou et al.
Nanoscale, 7(9), 4217-4225 (2015-02-13)
Continuous and simultaneous 3D single-particle movement and local pH detection in HeLa cells were demonstrated for the first time by combining fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FMSNs) and a single-particle tracking (SPT) technique with a precision of ∼10 nm. FMSNs, synthesized...
Miaomiao Jiang et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 350-350 (2014-09-25)
Metabonomics is a useful tool for studying mechanisms of drug treatment using systematic metabolite profiles. Ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1, ophiopogonin D, and schizandrin are the main bioactive components of a traditional Chinese formula (Sheng-Mai San) widely used for the treatment...
Juliana Garcia et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(12), 2305-2323 (2015-09-20)
Amanita phalloides is responsible for more than 90 % of mushroom-related fatalities, and no effective antidote is available. α-Amanitin, the main toxin of A. phalloides, inhibits RNA polymerase II (RNAP II), causing hepatic and kidney failure. In silico studies included...
Pei-Ru Wei et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(9), 20943-20968 (2015-09-05)
We designed a study for photodynamic therapy (PDT) using chitosan coated Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticles as the delivery system. A Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye, indocyanine green (ICG) with photoactive properties was intercalated...
G Astrid Garzón et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(6), 1803-1811 (2015-02-11)
The contents and profile of polyphenols were analyzed in edible petals of nasturtium flowers (Tropaeolum majus) of three colors, and their oxygen radical absorbance capacities (ORAC) were compared. Three primary anthocyanins (ACNs) and 15 non-ACN phenolic compounds including hydroxycinammic acids...
Eric L Kendall et al.
Biomicrofluidics, 8(4), 044109-044109 (2014-11-08)
A technique for microfluidic, pH modulated DNA capture and purification using chitosan functionalized glycidyl methacrylate monoliths is presented. Highly porous polymer monoliths are formed and subsequently functionalized off-chip in a batch process before insertion into thermoplastic microchannels prior to solvent...
Susana Sadler Simões et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 117-125 (2014-08-16)
An UPLC-MS/MS method using ESI+ionization and MRM was developed and fully validated according to international guidelines for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of nine synthetic cannabinoids and/or their metabolites in urine samples (1mL). Prior to extraction the samples were subjected...
C Tony Liu et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(29), 10349-10360 (2014-07-01)
Electrostatic interactions play an important role in enzyme catalysis by guiding ligand binding and facilitating chemical reactions. These electrostatic interactions are modulated by conformational changes occurring over the catalytic cycle. Herein, the changes in active site electrostatic microenvironments are examined...
Biebele Abel et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 411, 43-49 (2014-06-21)
In this study, we report the use of an enzyme-based hybrid platform, which is comprised of silver island films, enzymes (HRP and AP) and high-throughput screening (HTS) microplates, to enhance the colorimetric response of enzymatic reactions. The hybrid platform was...
Varongsiri Kemsawasd et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(23), 10191-10207 (2015-08-11)
In this study, the influence of twenty different single (i.e. 19 amino acids and ammonium sulphate) and two multiple nitrogen sources (N-sources) on growth and fermentation (i.e. glucose consumption and ethanol production) performance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and of four wine-related...
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Zita Pöstényi et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 529-534 (2014-12-03)
Validated HPLC analysis was developed in order to monitor the level of 4-fluorodeprenyl in rats. Male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally treated with 30 mg/kg of (-)-4-fluorodeprenyl. The rats were sacrificed after 5, 15, 30 and 60 min of treatment, and...
Kay Marquardt et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(1), 150-158 (2014-12-30)
RNA-cleaving DNAzymes are a potential novel class of nucleic acid-based active pharmaceutical ingredients (API). However, developing an appropriate drug delivery system (DDS) that achieves high bioavailability is challenging. Especially in a dermal application, DNAzymes have to overcome physiological barriers composed...
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