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Neha et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(8), 777-787 (2014-05-29)
A huge body evidences suggest that obesity is the single great risk factor for the development of dementia. Recently, silymarin, a flavonoid, clinically in use as a hepatoprotectant, has been reported to prevent amyloid beta-induced memory impairment by reducing oxidative
Zheng Wang et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(2), 699-712 (2014-11-16)
Biocathode extracellular electron transfer (EET) may be exploited for biotechnology applications, including microbially mediated O2 reduction in microbial fuel cells and microbial electrosynthesis. However, biocathode mechanistic studies needed to improve or engineer functionality have been limited to a few select
Hui Gong et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(6), 12482-12498 (2015-06-06)
Plasma urotensin II (UII) has been observed to be raised in patients with acute myocardial infarction; suggesting a possible cardiac protective role for this peptide. However, the molecular mechanism is unclear. Here, we treated cultured cardiomyocytes with H2O2 to induce
Gražvydas Lukinavičius et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8497-8497 (2015-10-02)
Cell-permeable DNA stains are popular markers in live-cell imaging. Currently used DNA stains for live-cell imaging are either toxic, require illumination with blue light or are not compatible with super-resolution microscopy, thereby limiting their utility. Here we describe a far-red
Huey-Chun Huang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(5), 10470-10490 (2015-05-12)
The effects of essential oil from Eucalyptus camaldulensis flowers oil on melanogenesis and the oil's antioxidant characteristics were investigated. Assays of mushroom and cellular tyrosinase activities and melanin content of mouse melanoma cells were performed spectrophotometrically, and the expression of
Svetlana N Rubtsova et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0133578-e0133578 (2015-07-25)
Using confocal microscopy, we analyzed the behavior of IAR-6-1, IAR1170, and IAR1162 transformed epithelial cells seeded onto the confluent monolayer of normal IAR-2 epithelial cells. Live-cell imaging of neoplastic cells stably expressing EGFP and of normal epithelial cells stably expressing
Anna Maria Wróbel et al.
Toxicology letters, 238(2), 110-116 (2015-08-09)
In the present study, we examined cAMP levels and activation of the MAPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways in response to the actions of parabens on GPR30 in MCF-7 and MCF-10A cells. Cells were exposed to methyl-, propyl- or butylparaben at
T A McDonald et al.
Leukemia, 15(1), 10-20 (2001-03-13)
High background levels of phenol and hydroquinone are present in the blood and urine of virtually all individuals, but vary widely. Phenol and hydroquinone have been strongly implicated in producing leukemia associated with benzene exposure, because they reproduce the hematotoxicity
Tian-Yao Yang et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(1), 157-166 (2014-12-20)
MeHg is one of the environmental pollutants that lead to oxidative stress and an indirect excitotoxicity caused by altered glutamate (Glu) concentration. However, little was known of the interaction. Therefore, we developed a rat model of MeHg poisoning to explore
Kevin Guo et al.
Analytical chemistry, 81(10), 3919-3932 (2009-03-25)
We report a new quantitative metabolome profiling technique based on differential (12)C-/(13)C-isotope dansylation labeling of metabolites, fast liquid chromatography (LC) separation and electrospray ionization Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI-FTICR MS) detection. An isotope reagent, (13)C-dansyl chloride, can be
Arvind Panday et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(12), 5759-5770 (2015-05-17)
DNA is packaged into condensed chromatin fibers by association with histones and architectural proteins such as high mobility group (HMGB) proteins. However, this DNA packaging reduces accessibility of enzymes that act on DNA, such as proteins that process DNA after
Yohei Abe et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7052-7052 (2015-05-08)
Histone 3 lysine 9 (H3K9) demethylase JMJD1A regulates β-adrenergic-induced systemic metabolism and body weight control. Here we show that JMJD1A is phosphorylated at S265 by protein kinase A (PKA), and this is pivotal to activate the β1-adrenergic receptor gene (Adrb1)
Yu-Rong Zhao et al.
Chinese journal of natural medicines, 13(6), 438-444 (2015-06-16)
In our previous study, we have elucidated the chemical profile of YGS40, a fraction of Yi-Gan San (YGS), used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Oxidative stress-induced apoptosis is implicated in neurodegenerative disorders such as AD. The aim of
Jennifer Mahony et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(10), 3299-3305 (2015-03-10)
Lactococcal bacteriophages represent one of the leading causes of dairy fermentation failure and product inconsistencies. A new member of the lactococcal 949 phage group, named WRP3, was isolated from cheese whey from a Sicilian factory in 2011. The genome sequence
Rihui Su et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1405, 23-31 (2015-06-17)
In this work, polymerized high internal phase emulsion (polyHIPE) monoliths were prepared and applied as monolithic adsorbent materials for proconcentration of trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from large-volume water samples. The monolithic polyHIPE columns were prepared by in situ polymerization
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Simon Kaja et al.
Experimental eye research, 138, 159-166 (2015-06-07)
Optic nerve head astrocytes (ONHAs) are the major glia cell type in the non-myelinated optic nerve head where they contribute critically to extracellular matrix synthesis during development and throughout life. In glaucoma, and in related disorders affecting the optic nerve
Katja Sundström et al.
Endocrinology, 155(12), 4798-4807 (2014-09-23)
The growth-promoting effect of combined therapy with GH and IGF-I in normal rats is not known. We therefore investigated the efficacy of treatment with recombinant human (rh)GH and/or rhIGF-I on longitudinal bone growth and bone mass in intact, prepubertal, female
Nihal Kuş et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 119(24), 6296-6308 (2015-05-31)
The structure, infrared spectrum, and photochemistry of 5-hydroxyquinoline (5HQ) were studied by matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy, complemented by theoretical calculations performed at the DFT(B3LYP)/6-311++G(d,p) level of approximation. According to the calculations, the trans conformer of 5HQ (with the OH group
Marie A Colucci et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(23), 5780-5789 (2007-10-20)
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 is a proposed target in pancreatic cancer. We describe the synthesis of a series of indolequinones, based on the 5- and 6-methoxy-1,2-dimethylindole-4,7-dione chromophores with a range of phenolic leaving groups at the (indol-3-yl)methyl position. The ability of
Heather M Schmitt et al.
Molecular neurodegeneration, 9, 39-39 (2014-09-30)
Optic nerve damage initiates a series of early atrophic events in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) that precede the BAX-dependent committed step of the intrinsic apoptotic program. Nuclear atrophy, including global histone deacetylation, heterochromatin formation, shrinkage and collapse of nuclear structure
Manuela Curcio et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 93, 281-292 (2015-04-29)
The aim of this work was to prepare polysaccharide-based nanoparticles (NPs) sensitive to glutathione (GSH), and to elucidate the effect of the concentration of glucose used as cryoprotectant during freeze-drying on the GSH-responsiveness. NPs were obtained via ionic interaction between
Frédéric Gaboyer et al.
Research in microbiology, 165(7), 490-500 (2014-08-03)
A novel halophilic bacterium, strain RHS90(T), was isolated from marine sediments from the Gulf of Lions, in the Mediterranean Sea. Its metabolic and physiological characteristics were examined under various cultural conditions, including exposure to stressful ones (oligotrophy, high pressure and
Ross M Tanis et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1853(1), 213-221 (2014-12-03)
While the 3T3-L1 adipocyte model is routinely used for the study of obesity and diabetes, the mitochondrial respiratory profile in normal versus high glucose has not been examined in detail. We matured adipocytes in normal (5mM) or high (30 mM)
Mathieu Clément-Ziza et al.
Molecular systems biology, 10, 764-764 (2014-11-30)
Our current understanding of how natural genetic variation affects gene expression beyond well-annotated coding genes is still limited. The use of deep sequencing technologies for the study of expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) has the potential to close this gap.
Maritta Küspert et al.
RNA (New York, N.Y.), 21(7), 1294-1305 (2015-05-24)
mRNAs are key molecules in gene expression and subject to diverse regulatory events. Regulation is accomplished by distinct sets of trans-acting factors that interact with mRNAs and form defined mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs). The resulting "mRNP code" determines the fate of
Ruiyi Lin et al.
Cell biology international, 39(7), 842-851 (2015-03-12)
As a well-known transcription factor, Homeobox A10 (HOXA10) regulates a large number of downstream target genes, leading to the proper function development of endometrium for embryo implantation. The change of HOXA10 gene expression level can alter the expressions of many
Sonal Dalvi et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(21), 6664-6676 (2014-08-26)
Arhodomonas sp. strain Seminole was isolated from a crude oil-impacted brine soil and shown to degrade benzene, toluene, phenol, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA), protocatechuic acid (PCA), and phenylacetic acid (PAA) as the sole sources of carbon at high salinity. Seminole is
C-C Lu et al.
Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997), 204(1), 23-31 (2015-04-07)
Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is the single most common acquired heart disease of the dog and is particularly common in small pedigree breed dogs such as the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS). There are limited data on the mitral
Xiaobiao Zhu et al.
Biodegradation, 26(6), 465-474 (2015-10-30)
The bioaugmentation strains for phenol, pyridine, quinoline, carbazole, and naphthalene degradation were employed to treat coking wastewater in a membrane bioreactor (MBR). The results showed that the bioaugmented MBR was much better in pollutant removal than that of the control
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