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  • ACGH detects distinct genomic alterations of primary intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas and matched lymph node metastases and identifies a poor prognosis subclass.

ACGH detects distinct genomic alterations of primary intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas and matched lymph node metastases and identifies a poor prognosis subclass.

Scientific reports (2018-07-15)
Ruben Jansen, Birte Moehlendick, Christoph Bartenhagen, Csaba Tóth, Nadja Lehwald, Nikolas H Stoecklein, Wolfram T Knoefel, Anja Lachenmayer
RESUMEN

Lymph node metastases (LNM) are an important prognostic factor for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, but underlying genetic alterations are poorly understood. Whole genome array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was performed in 37 tumors and 14 matched LNM. Genomic analyses of tumors confirmed known and identified new (gains in 19q) copy number alterations (CNA). Tumors with LNM (N1) had more alterations and exclusive gains (3p, 4q, 5p, 13q) and losses (17p and 20p). LNM shared most alterations with their matched tumors (86%), but 79% acquired new isolated gains [12q14 (36%); 1p13, 2p23, 7p22, 7q11, 11q12, 13q13 and 14q12 (>20%)]. Unsupervised clustering revealed a poor prognosis subclass with increased alterations significantly associated to tumor differentiation and survival. TP53 and KRAS mutations occurred in 19% of tumors and 6% of metastases. Pathway analyses revealed association to cancer-associated pathways. Advanced tumor stage, microvascular/perineural invasion, and microscopic positive resection margin (R1) were significantly correlated to metastases, while N1-status, R1-resection, and poor tumor differentiation were significantly correlated to survival. ACGH identified clear differences between N0 (no LNM) and N1 tumors, while N1 tumors and matched LNM displayed high clonality with exclusive gains in the metastases. A novel subclass with increased CNAs and poor tumor differentiation was significantly correlated to survival.

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2-Chloroethyl acrylate, contains >100 ppm MEHQ as inhibitor, 97%