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  • Influence of Dissolution Vessel Geometry and Dissolution Medium on In Vitro Dissolution Behaviour of Triamterene-Coated Model Stents in Different Test Setups.

Influence of Dissolution Vessel Geometry and Dissolution Medium on In Vitro Dissolution Behaviour of Triamterene-Coated Model Stents in Different Test Setups.

AAPS PharmSciTech (2019-01-04)
Katharina Pruessmann, Monika Wentzlaff, Ruprecht Schilling, Anne Seidlitz
RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to investigate if the geometry of the dissolution vessel, the dissolution medium volume and composition might contribute to the variation in drug release from drug-eluting stents (DES) in different test setups, which has been observed in previous in vitro studies. Therefore, DES containing triamterene as model substance were produced via fluidised-bed technology. Dissolution testing was carried out using different incubation setups, the reciprocating holder (USP Apparatus 7) and two flow-through methods, a method similar to the USP Apparatus 4 (FTC) and the vessel-simulating flow-through cell (vFTC) equipped with a hydrogel as a second compartment simulating the blood vessel wall. The results indicate that dissolution vessel geometry and medium volume had no influence on the release behaviour and only the flow-through cell methods yielded a lower dissolution rate than the incubation setups (80.6 ± 2.0% released in the FTC after 14 days compared to > 90% for all incubation setups). The composition of the hydrogel used in the vFTC also affected the dissolution rate (53.9 ± 4.5% within 14 days with a hydrogel based on phosphate-buffered saline compared to 78.2 ± 1.2% obtained with a hydrogel based on water) possibly due to different solubility of triamterene in the release media as well as interactions between the coating polymer and the release medium. Hence, the introduction of a hydrogel as a second compartment might lead to a more biorelevant test setup.

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Sigma-Aldrich
[2-(Methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride solution, 75 wt. % in H2O