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Hyperhomocysteinemia induced endothelial progenitor cells dysfunction through hyper-methylation of CBS promoter.

Biochemical and biophysical research communications (2019-01-27)
Jyotirmaya Behera, Suresh C Tyagi, Neetu Tyagi
ABSTRACT

Bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are the key players in angiogenesis and vascular function. Cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), an H2S-generating enzyme in methionine metabolism, regulates the function of these EPCs. This study aims to examine whether CBS hyper-methylation contributes to the bone marrow endothelial progenitor cell (BM-EPCs) function and subsequent bone blood flow in mice fed with a high methionine diet (HMD). Bone marrow (BM) cells were collected from HMD and control mice, differentiated into BM-EPCs, and were characterized by acLDL-DiI labeling. CBS mRNA expression was analyzed by real-time PCR, and the global methylation status and methylation of the CBS promoter were detected by nuclear 5-mC assay and methylation-specific PCR (qMSP) respectively. The result reveals that CBS promoter in BM-EPCs from HMD mice was hyper-methylated and the methylation level was, indeed, negatively correlated with CBS mRNA and angiogenic function of BM-EPCs. In addition, global methylation (5-mC) and DNA methyltransferase-1 (DNMT1) expression were increased in HMD condition. In vitro study also shows that HMD induced hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) impaired both adhesion and angiogenesis properties of BM-EPCs, accompanied by higher methylation level of CBS promoter that compared to control. Furthermore, bone blood flow was found to be decreased in HMD mice as compared to wild-type mice. To dissect the epigenetic mechanism, we also administrated DNMT inhibitor, 5-azacytidine (5-Aza) to HMD mice. The administration of 5-Aza in HMD mice restored the CBS expression, EPC mediated angiogenesis and blood flow by reducing abnormal DNA hyper-methylation. In conclusion, HHcy dismantles BM-EPCs function and bone blood flow through the hyper-methylation of the CBS promoter in HMD fed mice.