Merck
  • Inicio
  • Resultados de la búsqueda
  • Heartland virus antagonizes type I and III interferon antiviral signaling by inhibiting phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT2 and STAT1.

Heartland virus antagonizes type I and III interferon antiviral signaling by inhibiting phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT2 and STAT1.

The Journal of biological chemistry (2019-05-02)
Kuan Feng, Fei Deng, Zhihong Hu, Hualin Wang, Yun-Jia Ning
RESUMEN

Heartland virus (HRTV) is a pathogenic phlebovirus recently identified in the United States and related to severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) emerging in Asia. We previously reported that SFTSV disrupts host antiviral responses directed by interferons (IFNs) and their downstream regulators, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins. However, whether HRTV infection antagonizes the IFN-STAT signaling axis remains unclear. Here, we show that, similar to SFTSV, HRTV also inhibits IFN-α- and IFN-λ-mediated antiviral responses. As expected, the nonstructural protein (NSs) of HRTV (HNSs) robustly antagonized both type I and III IFN signaling. Protein interaction analyses revealed that a common component downstream of type I and III IFN signaling, STAT2, is the target of HNSs. Of note, the DNA-binding and linker domains of STAT2 were required for an efficient HNSs-STAT2 interaction. Unlike the NSs of SFTSV (SNSs), which blocks both STAT2 and STAT1 nuclear accumulation, HNSs specifically blocked IFN-triggered nuclear translocation only of STAT2. However, upon HRTV infection, IFN-induced nuclear translocation of both STAT2 and STAT1 was suppressed, suggesting that STAT1 is an additional HRTV target for IFN antagonism. Consistently, despite HNSs inhibiting phosphorylation only of STAT2 and not STAT1, HRTV infection diminished both STAT2 and STAT1 phosphorylation. These results suggest that HRTV antagonizes IFN antiviral signaling by dampening both STAT2 and STAT1 activities. We propose that HNSs-specific targeting of STAT2 likely plays an important role but is not all of the "tactics" of HRTV in its immune evasion.