TORC2 controls endocytosis through plasma membrane tension.

The Journal of cell biology (2019-05-28)
Margot Riggi, Clélia Bourgoint, Mariano Macchione, Stefan Matile, Robbie Loewith, Aurélien Roux

Target of rapamycin complex 2 (TORC2) is a conserved protein kinase that regulates multiple plasma membrane (PM)-related processes, including endocytosis. Direct, chemical inhibition of TORC2 arrests endocytosis but with kinetics that is relatively slow and therefore inconsistent with signaling being mediated solely through simple phosphorylation cascades. Here, we show that in addition to and independently from regulation of the phosphorylation of endocytic proteins, TORC2 also controls endocytosis by modulating PM tension. Elevated PM tension, upon TORC2 inhibition, impinges on endocytosis at two different levels by (1) severing the bonds between the PM adaptor proteins Sla2 and Ent1 and the actin cytoskeleton and (2) hindering recruitment of Rvs167, an N-BAR-containing protein important for vesicle fission to endocytosis sites. These results underline the importance of biophysical cues in the regulation of cellular and molecular processes.

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Monoclonal Anti-HA antibody produced in mouse, clone HA-7, ascites fluid
Latrunculin A, from sea sponge, ≥85% (HPLC), waxy solid