The mammalian CTLH complex is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets its subunit muskelin for degradation.

Scientific reports (2019-07-10)
Matthew E R Maitland, Gabriel Onea, Christopher A Chiasson, Xu Wang, Jun Ma, Sarah E Moor, Kathryn R Barber, Gilles A Lajoie, Gary S Shaw, Caroline Schild-Poulter

The multi-subunit C-terminal to LisH (CTLH) complex is the mammalian homologue of the yeast Gid E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. In this study, we investigated the human CTLH complex and characterized its E3 ligase activity. We confirm that the complex immunoprecipitated from human cells comprises RanBPM, ARMC8 α/β, muskelin, WDR26, GID4 and the RING domain proteins RMND5A and MAEA. We find that loss of expression of individual subunits compromises the stability of other complex members and that MAEA and RMND5A protein levels are interdependent. Using in vitro ubiquitination assays, we demonstrate that the CTLH complex has E3 ligase activity which is dependent on RMND5A and MAEA. We report that the complex can pair with UBE2D1, UBE2D2 and UBE2D3 E2 enzymes and that recombinant RMND5A mediates K48 and K63 poly-ubiquitin chains. Finally, we show a proteasome-dependent increase in the protein levels of CTLH complex member muskelin in RMND5A KO cells. Furthermore, muskelin ubiquitination is dependent on RMND5A, suggesting that it may be a target of the complex. Overall, we further the characterization of the CTLH complex as an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex in human cells and reveal a potential autoregulation mechanism.

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