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The Integrator Complex Attenuates Promoter-Proximal Transcription at Protein-Coding Genes.

Molecular cell (2019-12-07)
Nathan D Elrod, Telmo Henriques, Kai-Lieh Huang, Deirdre C Tatomer, Jeremy E Wilusz, Eric J Wagner, Karen Adelman
ABSTRACT

The transition of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) from initiation to productive elongation is a central, regulated step in metazoan gene expression. At many genes, Pol II pauses stably in early elongation, remaining engaged with the 25- to 60-nt-long nascent RNA for many minutes while awaiting signals for release into the gene body. However, 15%-20% of genes display highly unstable promoter Pol II, suggesting that paused polymerase might dissociate from template DNA at these promoters and release a short, non-productive mRNA. Here, we report that paused Pol II can be actively destabilized by the Integrator complex. Specifically, we present evidence that Integrator utilizes its RNA endonuclease activity to cleave nascent RNA and drive termination of paused Pol II. These findings uncover a previously unappreciated mechanism of metazoan gene repression, akin to bacterial transcription attenuation, wherein promoter-proximal Pol II is prevented from entering productive elongation through factor-regulated termination.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Select Yeast Extract, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Shields and Sang M3 Insect Medium, With L-glutamine and potassium bicarbonate., liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for insect cell culture