ORCA/LRWD1 Regulates Homologous Recombination at ALT-Telomeres by Modulating Heterochromatin Organization.

iScience (2020-04-29)
Rosaline Y C Hsu, Yo-Chuen Lin, Christophe Redon, Qinyu Sun, Deepak K Singh, Yating Wang, Vasudha Aggarwal, Jaba Mitra, Abhijith Matur, Branden Moriarity, Taekjip Ha, Mirit I Aladjem, Kannanganattu V Prasanth, Supriya G Prasanth

Telomeres are maintained by telomerase or in a subset of cancer cells by a homologous recombination (HR)-based mechanism, Alternative Lengthening of Telomeres (ALT). The mechanisms regulating telomere-homeostasis in ALT cells remain unclear. We report that a replication initiator protein, Origin Recognition Complex-Associated (ORCA/LRWD1), by localizing at the ALT-telomeres, modulates HR activity. ORCA's localization to the ALT-telomeres is facilitated by its interaction to SUMOylated shelterin components. The loss of ORCA in ALT-positive cells elevates the levels of two mediators of HR, RPA and RAD51, and consistent with this, we observe increased ALT-associated promyelocytic leukemia body formation and telomere sister chromatid exchange. ORCA binds to RPA and modulates the association of RPA to telomeres. Finally, the loss of ORCA causes global chromatin decondensation, including at the telomeres. Our results demonstrate that ORCA acts as an inhibitor of HR by modulating RPA binding to ssDNA and inducing chromatin compaction.

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