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  • The Effect of TIGAR Knockdown on Apoptotic and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Markers Expression in Doxorubicin-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cell Lines.

The Effect of TIGAR Knockdown on Apoptotic and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Markers Expression in Doxorubicin-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cell Lines.

Chemistry & biodiversity (2020-07-09)
Can Ali Agca, Mahinur Kırıcı, Victor S Nedzvetsky, Ramazan Gundogdu, Artem A Tykhomyrov
ABSTRACT

Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a critical problem in cancer therapy, but the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. TP53-induced glycolysis regulatory phosphatase (TIGAR), an important glycolysis and apoptosis regulator, plays a crucial role in cancer cell survival by protecting cells against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether TIGAR is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), A549/DOX cells. We found that the expression of TIGAR was significantly higher in A549/DOX cells than in the parent A549 cell lines. siRNA-mediated TIGAR knockdown reduced migration, viability and colony survival of doxorubicin-resistant lung cancer cells. Also, TIGAR knockdown decreased pro-survival protein Bcl-2 and increased pro-apoptotic Bax and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Moreover, TIGAR depletion significantly up-regulated both caspase-3 and caspase-9 expression. Furthermore, TIGAR depletion up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin and down-regulated the expression of vimentin. These results indicate that TIGAR knockdown may inhibit EMT in doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant human NSCLC and may represent a therapeutic target for a non-small lung cancer cells chemoresistance.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2′,7′-Dichlorofluorescin diacetate, ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzamidine, ≥95.0%