Expression and functions of N-type Cav2.2 and T-type Cav3.1 channels in rat vasopressin neurons under normotonic conditions.

The journal of physiological sciences : JPS (2020-10-17)
Kaori Sato-Numata, Tomohiro Numata, Yoichi Ueta, Yasunobu Okada
RESUMEN

Arginine vasopressin (AVP) neurons play essential roles in sensing the change in systemic osmolarity and regulating AVP release from their neuronal terminals to maintain the plasma osmolarity. AVP exocytosis depends on the Ca2+ entry via voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) in AVP neurons. In this study, suppression by siRNA-mediated knockdown and pharmacological sensitivity of VGCC currents evidenced molecular and functional expression of N-type Cav2.2 and T-type Cav3.1 in AVP neurons under normotonic conditions. Also, both the Cav2.2 and Cav3.1 currents were found to be sensitive to flufenamic acid (FFA). TTX-insensitive spontaneous action potentials were suppressed by FFA and T-type VGCC blocker Ni2+. However, Cav2.2-selective ω-conotoxin GVIA failed to suppress the firing activity. Taken together, it is concluded that Cav2.2 and Cav3.1 are molecularly and functionally expressed and both are sensitive to FFA in unstimulated rat AVP neurons. Also, it is suggested that Cav3.1 is primarily involved in their action potential generation.

MATERIALES
Referencia del producto
Marca
Descripción del producto

Supelco
Flufenamic acid, analytical standard, for drug analysis
Sigma-Aldrich
ML218, ≥98% (HPLC)

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