Targeted Genome Editing of Virulent Phages Using CRISPR-Cas9.

Bio-protocol (2018-01-05)
Marie-Laurence Lemay, Ariane C Renaud, Geneviève M Rousseau, Sylvain Moineau

This protocol describes a straightforward method to generate specific mutations in the genome of strictly lytic phages. Briefly, a targeting CRISPR-Cas9 system and a repair template suited for homologous recombination are provided inside a bacterial host, here the Gram-positive model Lactococcus lactis MG1363. The CRISPR-Cas9 system is programmed to cleave a specific region present on the genome of the invading phage, but absent from the recombination template. The system either triggers the recombination event or exerts the selective pressure required to isolate recombinant phages. With this methodology, we generated multiple gene knockouts, a point mutation and an insertion in the genome of the virulent lactococcal phage p2. Considering the broad host range of the plasmids used in this protocol, the latter can be extrapolated to other phage-host pairs.

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Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt dihydrate, suitable for electrophoresis, for molecular biology, 99.0-101.0% (titration)
Calcium chloride dihydrate, BioXtra, ≥99.0%
Sodium acetate, anhydrous, for molecular biology, ≥99%