Characterization of five commercially available samples of acridine yellow.

Stain technology (1983-05-01)
N Houba-Herin, J De Graeve, C M Calberg-Bacq, A Van de Vorst

Commercial samples of acridine yellow, all labeled C.I. 46025, have been analyzed by thin layer chromatography, UV and visible light spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and photodynamic efficiency in the inactivation of bacteriophage phi X174. Three types of sample were clearly delineated: i) true acridine yellow (3,6-diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine) whose spectral and chromatographic properties are very close to those of proflavine (3,6-diaminoacridine); ii) a pure but different dye tentatively identified as euchrysine (3,6-diamino-2,7,9-trimethylacridine), since on the basis of mass spectral data, it contains an additional methyl group not fixed on the amino groups; and iii) a complex dye with its own special properties and whose main yellow component has a molecular weight and a mass spectrum compatible with an overall formula of C16H16N2S. The three types of dye could be distinguished on the basis of simple tests. Acridine yellow is photodynamically almost as efficient as proflavine, but the two other dyes are very poor sensitizers.

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Acridine Yellow G, Dye content 90 %

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