Modulation of glutathione S-transferase activity by a thiol/disulfide exchange reaction and involvement of thioltransferase.

Archives of biochemistry and biophysics (1993-01-01)
T Terada, H Maeda, K Okamoto, T Nishinaka, T Mizoguchi, T Nishihara
RESUMEN

Low concentrations of cystamine and cystine inactivated human placenta glutathione S-transferase (GST-pi) in cytosolic fraction very effectively, as did the purified enzyme, through the thiol/disulfide exchange reaction. Mixed disulfide formation of GST-pi in cytosol was prevented by thioltransferase existing in cytosol with a low concentration of GSH. This protection of GST-pi activity was more effective with the participation of glutathione reductase. The incorporation of half-[14C]cystine into a GST-pi molecule according to the inactivation was provided by autoradiography. Purified human placenta thioltransferase (1900-fold from cytosol) could release the incorporated half-[14C]cystine from a GST-pi molecule with restoration of enzyme activity. Thioredoxin in placenta cytosol could not protect the GST-pi activity from inactivation at all.

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Sigma-Aldrich
L-Cystine, ≥98% (TLC), crystalline
Sigma-Aldrich
L-Cystine, from non-animal source, meets EP testing specifications, suitable for cell culture, 98.5-101.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
L-Cystine, ≥99.7% (TLC)
SAFC
L-Cystine
SAFC
L-Cystine
Supelco
L-Cystine, certified reference material, TraceCERT®
Cystine, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
L-Cystine, produced by Wacker Chemie AG, Burghausen, Germany, ≥98.5%